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YoM'MK VI. 



A MONTHLY JOURNAL FOR CARPENTERS AND JOINERS. 

*• CLEVELAND, JANUARY, 1886. 



f Published on the 15th 
[ of each month. 



BROTHERHOOD NOTES. 

Traveling Brothers sliouM act aw 
missionaries and organize new Carpen- 
ti rK 1 Unions wherever they go. They 
should keep up correspondence with the 
General Secretary. 

Caiunkt Makers of Washington, I>. 
(\, have organized a union, and will ap- 
ply fur admission into the International 
Wirnit ure Workers’ Union. Brother 
ti. Kdnionston cradled the youngster. 

New Traveling cards have been pre- 
pared by the < i. S. and are a decided im- 
provement upon those formerly uaed. 
Unions will be supplied with them at 
one cent per card. Notify the G. S. as 
to how many your Union needs. 

Oi k List of Secretaries is being used 
bv various publishers of journals and 
periodicals, who send out sample copies 
of their publications to our Unions with 
a view to secure subscribers. This is 
per feetlv legitimate, and all we have to 
say is, don’t imagine the G. S. has time 
to indulge in such compliments. 

Tine »run An Kkuok of the Kec. Sec. of 
Union 101, Oneonta, N. V., in reporting 
on the eight hour question, the vote of 
that Union was recorded in the nega- 
tive. It should have been 20 members 
in the affirmative. Union 101 wants it 
understood it is solid for eight hours. 

Tiik Nkw cards of membership, meet 
with general favor among the Unions. 
To suvi any mistake in numbering the 
cards, we wish to explain that as soon 
as the numbers furnished each Union 
have been all given out, a further lot of 
numbers will be furnished by the G. S. 
w believer a new lot of curds are ordered 
hy the Union. 

Traveling Mem hers should secure a 
traveling card and get all the necessary 
secret work before starting out on the 
road. A good many, of late, have not 
done wo f and they have had a good deal 
of t rouble in eoiiseijuenee of this neglect. 
It is the duty of the F. S. to see that the 
President of his Local Union gives this 
information to every member who ob- 
tains a traveling card. Also sec that the 
traveling brother signs his name to his 
traveling card, upon receiving it. It 
is the duty of the Conductor in the 
Union visited to see that the member 
with traveling card, w rites his signature 
to correspond with that on his card. 

To Snow how our Endowment system 
is working -even with all its imperfec- 
tions the G.S. reports that all claims 
are paid tin to date, inclusive of Benefit 
No. 72, and since Aug. 1. 18H. r >, only three 
assessments have been levied, viz: No’s. 
59 to til — 1*1 cents; and No. 65—10 cent!»; 
and No. 68— 10 cents. Total 34 cents as- 
sessment in live and one-half months 
and this has paid all benefit« from 69 to 
70, inclusive, amounting to $1,900. As- 
sessments Nos. 73 and 74—20 cents, 
which have just been sent out, it is 
hoped will be remitted promptly so as 
to have the money ready to pay off 
claims as soon as approved. 

At Present as usual in the winter 
months, we are having an increase in 
our death rate, but with loyalty and 
promptness on the purt of each and 
every union, we will oo able to meet all 
claims with that dispatch, which is ex- 
pected. Since assessment No. 68 was 
levied, we have paid off claims 68, 69 and 
70— amounting to $350, also claims 71 
and 72, amounting to $500. The latter 
claims were paid within 6 days after 
receipt at the General Office. That is 
business 1 



Union 33, is taking the lead in Boston, 
in agitating the eight hour question. 
The Union held its second annual enter- 
tainment on Jan. 11. 

Mem hern In Arrears three months, 
should he duly notified by the F. S. and 
if they do not pay up w ithin one month 
after that, then the F. S. should read 
their names out in the next meeting, to 
he suspended hy vote of the Union. 
Don’t neglect this. 

Send In to the G. S. a complete list of 
all members in good standing in your 
Union on Jan. 1, 1886, and after tluit all 
new initiations, reinstatements, suspen- 
sions, etc., should he reported as re- 
quired bv See. 8, Page 17 of our consti- 
tution. Wo have new monthly blanks 
for that purpose. It is the duty of each 
F. S. to attend to this. 

CHIPS AND SHAVINGS. 

Masons and Bricklayers of Montclair, 
N. J., have been successful in resisting 
a reduction in wages last month. 

In Berlin, Germany, 26 labor meet- 
ings were held on one day last month. 
This shows a great awakening among 
the toilers of the Prussian Capiiai. 

N ational Trade Conventions will he 
held as follows: Book-binders to form a 
National Union in Cincinnati, O., May 4, 
Bricklayers National Union at St. Louis, 
Mo., Jan. 12. the Bakers at Pittsburgh, 
Pa., Jan. 18# 

How Kageii Congressional patriots are 
now to serve the interests of the work- 
ingmen? Speaker Carlisle has had 126 
applications for places on the Committee 
of Labor, in the present Congress. No 
doubt some were also as eager to get on 
the committee to serve the interests of 
their corporation masters, w ho are fear- 
ful of legislation adverse to their monied 
interests. 

Granite Cutters are called on to keep 
away from Austin, Texas, until the con- 
tractors stop hiring convicts on the Aus- 
tin State Capitol building. Gus Wilkie 
the sub-contractor, says he will hire 
convicts, scabs and imported contract 
labor and in this he is backed by a Chi- 
cago syndicate. The Granite Cutters 
Union have declared the State Capitol a 
scab job. 

To Prof. Ely’s remarks at the Inter- 
denominational Congress, some one said: 
“But labor is a commodity!” “True,” 
answered Prof. Ely. “It is a commodity 
hut it is inseparably bound up with a 
personality, and the one truth to be 
sent home to the conscience of every 
employer is this: “you must see to 
it, in your dealings with this commodity 
that tfie personality take no detriment. 

General Weaver of Iowa, introduced 
a bill in Congress to create a depart- 
ment of labor, the head of which shall 
he a Cabinet Minister. To our mind in 
a Republic, a Department of Labor— 
which represents peace, industry and 
construction — should have as much 
place in the Councils of Government, as 
the War Department, which represents 
war, militarism and destruction. 

On Nkw f Years day, the Society of 
Humanists in New York, celebrated the 
Festival of Humanity. This society is a 
body of workmen who hold it as one of 
their cardinal principles that men in the 
labor movement should consecrate 
themselves with religious devotion to 
its service. Among tneir mottoes are 
the following: “Live for Others;” “Liva 
i Openly;” “Affection is our Basis— Order 
is our Means— Progress is our End.” 



TRADE N0TE8. 

Carpenters working on the Miller 
house, Owosso, were discharged because 
they refuse to drive boycotted nails. 

In New York City the carpenters are 
opposed to the “lumping” or sub-con- 
tracting system, piece work— and last 
Monday sixty of them succesfully struck 
against’ it at the Puck building. 

Latest Report of the Amalgamated 
Carpenters show they have 443 Branches 
and 26,052 members ; 1,968 are on unem- 
ployed benefit, 590 on sick benefit, and 
144 superanuated. Trade is very dull 
all over England and the Colonies. 

Hereafter the United Order of Ame- 
rican Carpenters and Joiners, New York 
City, will have headquarters and 
house of call at 141 East Eighth St. Dele- 
gate Whoribkey will he in attendance 
every morning at 9 o’clock. 

A Petition has been sent the Central 
Labor Union of New York city, and ask- 
ing that said body shall decide what 
w'ork properly belongs to the house fra- 
mers, and what work belongs to the car- 
penters; inasmuch as there is said to he 
a dispute in regard to the subject betw een 
the United Order and the House Fra- 
mers’ Union. 

After Jan. 25, the headquarters of 
the Cigar Makers International Union 
will be in Buffalo, N. Y. The long 
pending difficulty between the Progres- 
sives and Internationals has been set- 
tled by the vast majority of the Pro- 
gressives applying for charters under 
the International Union. This will 
make it a solid compact organization all 
over the land. 



STRAWS ON THE SURFACE. 

“I believe,” ftaid Mr. Thornton, the 
famous economist, speaking of English 
unions, “I believe that while hitherto, 
protection against material evil, and 
acquisition of material good have been 
their chief care, that higher objects are 
beginning to claim their attention, and 
intelligent and moral improvement are 
coming in for a share of solicitude.” 
Mr. Thornton also tells us that “in the 
lodges of London bricklayers, drunken- 
ness and swearing are expressly inter- 
dicted, and under the Auspices of the 
Amalgamated Carpenters, industrial 
schools are being established.” “These,” 
he says, “are straws on the surface, 
showing how the current of unionism is 

flowing/ 9 

— 

THE WALKING DELEGATE SYSTEM. 

The success of the building trades of 
New York in enforcing their demands 
has been entirely due to »r more per- 
fect organization, and ti. good condi- 
tion of their treasuries. The success of 
these unions in keeping their organiza- 
tions intact may be attributed to the 
system of constantly exercising a judic- 
ious supervision over the? members and 
defending them from the competition of 
scabs and non-union men. From a 
mere dollar-and-cents point of view 
alone, it has paid union men well to 
keep a watch upon the shops and build- 



HATTER’S UNION TRADE MARK. 

Brothe rs: T he Union Label of the 
United Hatters of 
North America, 
A\ ^ on/ ^ !\A of which this cut 
/ / \v<\ * 8 a f ac ®imile, is 

Mrf now in use. Jtis 

I the outcome of 

I# Vv ;>^/ • / the great lockout 

ut kS ° utl1 Norwalk 
lost wdnter. Ask 
your retailer for 
the Union Label 
whenever you 
buy a new hat. Before you buy a felt 
bat, stiff or soft, look under the sweat 
band for the Union Label. If you don’t 
find it, the hat is made by scabs and is 
not entitled to the sanction of organized 
labor. Ask your local dealers for Union 
Label bats, and if they don’t have them 
insist that they put in a supply and 
hereafter keep them in stock. In this 
way you will greatly assist organized 
labor’ and crush out scab shops in the 
hat trade, w hile at the same time getting 
the full value of your money in a first- 
class Union Made Hat. Don’t forget to 
look for the Union Label! 

THE SHORTER H0UR8 MOVEMENT. 

The Tinners of Fort Worth, Tex., 
have inaugurated the eight hour system. 

The Bricklayers and masons of Mil- 
waukee, Win., have resolved to work 
only eight hours per day after the 1st of 
May next. 

The Granite Cutters’ Union of Balti- 
more has decided upon a uniform work- 
ing day of nine hours, accepting a re- 
duction of 25 cents per day from the 
wages paid for ten hours. The change 
of hours and pay meets the approval of 
the hossi*». 

Tiik Gem City Tobacco Works in 
Quincy, 111., changed their system of 
working to eight hours a day making no 
change in the wages. The name of the 
company hereafter will be the “Eight 
Hour Tobacco Co.” This is claimed to 
he the first corporation to adopt the eight 
hour system. 

The Eight Hour movement is grow- 
ing in the East, hut as yet with the ex- 
ception of the cigar makers and cabinet 
makers, it seems almost entirely con- 
fined to the building trades. At least 
these seem to he the only trades which 
have determined to make the demand 
for eight hours on the first of May next. 

Tiik Three Unions of house framers 
of New York, Brooklyn and Jersey City, 
will hold a mass meeting on January 
10th, to decide whether they will work 
eight or nine hours this year. On Jan- 
uary 15th, tlu* United Order of Carpen- 
ters in New York will also hold a meet- 
ing for a similar purpose. 



The Saturday half-holiday and the 
early closing of stores is being vigorous- 
ly advocated by the clergy of New York 
City. Men of such prominence as the 
Right Rev. H. C, Potter, D. D.. the Rev. 
Dr. John Hall, the Rev. Dr. McG lyju* 
the Rev. Dr. R. S. Mac Arthur, r ‘ ‘ 



ings where their men are employed ; 
and this especial work has been done by 
delegates of the unions engaged forthat 
purpose, and known as walking dele- 



uir • avx. iVi . 

Farley, Henry Ward Beecher, Hoy 
Crosby, T. DeWitt Talinage, the 
Rev. Bishop Littlejohn, Robert Coj- 
and the Rev. Dr. Marvvn Vincent^, 
pronounced in favor of the mover,; 



gates. 

The efficiency of the system has been 
often shown in the large cities where 
the building trades are well organized. — 
Workingmen t Advocate. 



pronounced in favor of the moveij 
The ladies societies^ in the va»f 
churches of all denominations have - 
taken hold. Let the good wor " 
brought into the same lines all ove 
country, and it will surely succeed. 



* ; 







THE CARPENTER. 

_ ^jUnd at the Pogt-Offioe a* second-class matter 
Published at No. 19 Frankfort St., Cleveland, 0. 

CLEVELAND, JANU A RY, 18 86 . 

EIGHT HOCBS TUE MOUSING DAY. 

[Remodeled from an old Sony.] 

Look to Union, only. 

Brother in the fight ; 

When the trouble thickens. 

Keen thy spirit bright ; 

Though thy foes bo many, 

Tho’ thy strength be small, 

Look to L nion only, 

She shall conquer all. 

Look to Union, only, 

'Mid the toil and fray. 

Boon will come more leisure. 

With eight hours work u day ; 

Overwork has dangers. 

All thy woes it bore, 

Look to Union, only. 

Trust her evermore 1 

When amid the music 
Of the vict'rys’ feast. 

All will sing her nraises. 

Thine shall not oe least ; 

Look to Union, only. 

When by wroug oppressed, 

Brothers who have suffered, 

Come to her and reel. 

Pittsburgh, Pa. Kaki. Reiher. 

REPORT OP OUR DELKATE TO THE 
FEDERATION. 

Washington, D. C., Dec. 21, 18S5. 



To the Officers and Members of the Brother- 
hood of Carpenters : 

Brothers: In obedience to your 

wishes, as expressed by mv selection to 
represent you in the Federation of 
Trades and Labor Unions of the U. S. 
and Canada, Iattended the Fifth Trades 
Congress as your delegate. Owing to 
important duties my colleague, Bro. 
Thos. P. Doran, of Chicago, was unable 
to attend, and the short space of time 
prevented a selection to fill his place by 
the General Officered the Brotherhood. 

The work of this session was directed 
mainly to strengthening national trade 
and labor organizations, and preparing 
to put into practical operation the 
8-hour work day. It was thought best 
not to order a general enforcement of 
this resolution on May 1, 188»», hut to 
assist those who felt strong enough to 
carry their point. This alteration of Un- 
original plan became necessary for good 
ana sufficient reasons. 

You will bear in mind that the 
Knights of Labor, through their Gen- 
eral Assembly, was invited to co-oper- 
ate with the Federation in establishing 
this much needed reform. The General 
Assembly adjourned without taking ac- 
tion or even expressing their sympathy 
or moral support for this movement. 
The significance of their action to some 
who are hostile to organized labor is, 
“the K. of L. are opposed to the 8-hour 
work day.” The manifest injustice 
done the Knights by such a statement 
is best refuted in the action of several 
assemblies who have adopted the 8-hour 
work day with a corresponding reduc- 
tion of pay, thus proving them to he 
fully alive to the importance of its suc- 
cess. 

It is to be regretted that the General 
Assembly of the K. of L. was over-cau- 
tious, as it was expected through 
united action on this H-hour question a 
way would he opened for the unifica- 
tion of Labor on this continent, with 
its attendant good. At any rate the 
realization of this unitv can only he de- 
layed a few years more at the farthest. 

The strike benefit feature of the Fed- 
eration, on which our Brotherhood took 
a general vote, was not endorsed by 
other unions in the Federation witn 
that promptitude and certainty that 
would warrant its success. Therefore 
the time for its final adoption was ex- 
tended to March 1, 1880. 

An appeal for funds to carry out the 
objects of the Federation and for a prop- 
er agitation of the 8-hour resolution, w ill 
be made in a short while by W. H. Fos- 
- the Secretary of the Federation. I 
| say from experience that the lack 
unds has been the great drawback to 
Federation. A sum equal to 10 
ts per member would do an incalcul- 
i amount of good and prove a good 
]*stment for all tike unions, 
he use of the Boycott as a remedy 
recommended, only after>Ml peace- 
means of settling a dif^jlty had 



The abuse of this means of wartare, 
and a resort to it for every t rival cause, 
will soon destroy its usefulness, and it 
should he handled cautiously as a mat- 
ter of policy, and when undertaken it 
should only he for good cause, and then 
he carried on vigorously and energeti- 
cally. 

It was resolved by the Federation to 
demand from Congress protection from 
the gang of sharpshooters under Pinker- 
ton, who for a mouey consideration may 
he employed in any Hate to do the 
dirty work of subduiiig dissatisfied em- 
ployes. 

In conclusion I desire to say I have 
endeavored to do mv duty, guided by a 
loyal zeal for our Brotherhood to the 
best of my humble ahilitv. And I am 
sorry to say, in the discharge of that 
duty, I have incurred the ill will of a 
faction who have warred against open 
trades unions, under the mistaken idea 
of serving the cause, I would not ad- 
vocate, or defend, any principles I could 
not publicly declare' or espouse before 
the Master Workman of the Universe. 

Without hostility to thus*- who hold 
an opposite view, I shall continue to ad- 
vocate open trades unioiis as the surest 
and safcBt means of accomplishing the 
great end of organized labor, and I trust 
that my action will meet your ap- 
proval. G. Edmonston. 



A PHILOSOPHICAL ANSWER. 

The value of services rendered by 
skilled workmen should not he calcu- 
lated by the time it takes to perform 
the task. Allowance should ho made 
for the weeks ami months spent by 
thorough workmen in learning how to 
do their work well. This knowledge 
has its money value. 

While Judge Tracey was on the cir- 
cuit, going from court, his trace broke. 
The judge spent over a half hour trying 
to mend it, but to uo purpose. His 
patience was exhausted, ami he ex- 
pressed his vexation in words. A negro 
came along, and the judge told him of 
his trouble. The negro let out the trace, 
cut a hole in it, and the job was done. 

“ Why," said the judge, “ could I not 
have thought of that ?" 

“Well, marster,” said the negro, 
“don’t you know some folks is jest 
naturally smarter than t’others?” 
“That’s so,” said the judge. “What 
shall I pay you for fixing mv trace ?” 

“ Well, marster, fifty cents will do, 
said the nc»gro. 

“ Fifty cents ?” said the judge. “You 
were not five minutes at it.” 

“ I do not charge you fifty cents for 
doing it,” said the negro. “I charge 
you twenty-five cents for doing ir, and 
twenty-five cents for knowing how to 
do it . — Savannah News. 



SHORTER HOURS AND WAGES. 

In the last annual report of the 
Amalgamated Carpenters, with few ex- 
ceptions, it is shown that wliere the 
work is done by the dav, the number 
of hours per week is greater than when' 
done by the hour, and also that wages 
are higher in those places where the 
men work the shortest hours. In Eng- 
land there are only five towns in which 
the hours number «0 a week. In Dart- 
mouth they work 61 hours for £1 2s., 
and in Rochdale, where the fewest 
hours are required, they receive £1 10s. 
3i(d. for 48* hours’ work in the sum- 
mer. In Ireland the men work from 
54 to 60 hours a week, and in Scotland 
from 51 to 54 — these are summer hours. 
In New Zealand 44 to 48 hours make a 
week s labor, and about the same in 
Australia. 



\\ hat do you think will be accom- 
plished by the workingmen in the next 
decade ? asked a reporter of the New 
* prk Star of John fewinton. “They 
will lay the foundations of the system 
hv which labor will rule the world. 
They will perfect their Unions, local, 
national and international; they will 
secure better wages and fewer hours of 
iiork, and they will begin to regulate 
the output in the various trades. They 
*“1 niake a beginning in that uni- 
versal co-operation by which labor shall 
becofne the owner of the machinery it 



SOMETHING ABOUT STRIKES. 

7 In an address made to the working- 
men of Manchester, England, in i860, 
* John Bright said that “a strike is the 
reserved power in the hands of the 
workingman," and lie advised his hearer 
never to surrender their rights to com- 
bine with their fellowmen in support of 
their interests. Of a like import is the 
_ utterance of Lord Granville made in the 
British House of Ixjrds in 1859. Refer- 
ring to the subieet of strikes, he said: 
"They are the last resource of workmen 
— just as a chancery suit is among liti- 
^ gants, and as war is the ultima ratio of 
nations." A writer in Frazer'* Maga- 
zine points out that the proportion »if 
those who engage in strikes is quite 
small compared to those who partici- 
pate in the benefits of a success. In 
1 proof of this he points out that in a 
series of strikes in which the working- 
men of four hundred and seventy-three 
English town« engaged during six venrs, 
ending w ith 1*78, only 5,625 men stood 
out. while t he number of those w ho par- 
ticipated in*the advance of wages was 
But the strikes were not always 
’ successful and he mentions the case of 
; twentv-one towns in 1878 where the loss 
of the striking operatives exceeded a 
hundred thousand dollars. The so- 
called engineers strike of the English 
metropolitan district in 1851 lasted for 
a period of eight months, and cost the 
trade organizations $74,250 to support. 
It was unsuccessful, and the strikers 
independent of the strike pay, lost an 
additional $76,000. The builders’ strike 
and lockout in London in 1850 embraced 
twenty-four thousand men. After an 
expenditure of $100,000 the strikers w ere 
compelled to yield with the loss of their 
wages during tho lockout. Another 
case mentioned by the writer is the 
famous strike of the Durham miners. 
To gain 1 J per cent. They lost all told, 
$1,200,000, and were unsuccessful at 
bust. . The writer declares that it would 
require nine ami a quarter years to re- 
coup them for their losses. 

Of later years however, strikes have 
been Icsh seldom undertaken and when 
indulged in, have been generally suc- 
cessful. The writer in Frazer'* ' Mtvja- 
zine fails to state howerer tin* amount «»f 
wages that has been po.-vdldy saved 
employes, through fear of strikes, that 
otherw ise w ould have been lost to them. 

THE TRENTON BAZAAR. 

Complete success has attended the 
bazaar and industrial exhibition given 
by the labor organizations of Trenton, 
N. J., from Dec. IS to Jan. 1, the exhibi- 
tion was thronged and u handsome sum 
has been realized, w hich will at once he 
devoted to the erection of a public hall 
for the free use of working people of 
the vicinity. Among the gifts contrib- 
uted to the bazaar, was a pair of hand- 
some doors, presented by Carpenters’ 
l nion No. 31, of Trenton/ 



A NOVEL EXPEDIENT. 

The Cigarmakers International Union 
has adopted a novel expedient to put an 
end to the Chinese trouble in the Cigar 
trade in San Francisco. A train of eight 1 
sleeping cars left New York Saturday 
night, Dee. 26, and reached San Fran- 
cisco on Jan. 2, and was received there 
in grand style. On its way it picked up 
unemployed cigarinakors at various 
mints and 200 men were accomodated. | 
Where they did not have the money to , 
pay their fares the Unions paid it ' for 
them as a loan. 



THE JAPANESE CARPENTER. 

You have seen "contortionists," who 
shut themselves up like» a single bladed 
pocket knife in order to worry their 
doubled up bodies through a ring. Well, 
the Japanese carpenter also requires an 
exceedingly flexible hinge to his back to 
reach the attitude necessary in using the 
saw\ All other work he performs sitting 
down, but to saw ho must hold the woou 
in place w ith his left foot, then bend 
over until his face almost touches the 
floor, then he saws away with a saw 
that resembles a meat chopper with 
nicks in it. In planing he draws the 
plane towards him instead of pushing 

li w u (1 °- In fact the “ Ja P” »eerne to 
tue thfe contrary way in doing many 



BOffCOTT SCAB NAILS. 

Early last /une, a number of 
nad manufacturers through their 
• nation— n syndicate renre'senti. 

| lions of dollars -determined up,,,? 

> I ilct ion in tho wages of their ,.,„„1 r<s 

S ™ ng "' 20 W|, " r , "' 11 "S 

After all jM'iieenhle attempts at si.in. 
ment had been exhausted, th einen J! 
compelled to Stand out, and they »? 
now in the eighth month of tnoir* »,‘5^ 
struggle*. Meanwhile the nail mills that 
are paying the 1 nion scale of >i ", l 
a kegare running to their full eaoa. itv 

, and Lav more orders than they 
fill. * * n 

The seal; or “Maeksheep” mills | iavn 
been running with scab labor, ami 
being vigorously boycotted all over thu 
country and so severe has been tin* nrv 8 . 
smv that their goods are being returned 
to them, and they are eompelled to stuck 
up their inferior nails, while a few i,f 
the scab mills have been forced to clean 
down entirely. The nails made by the 
scabs are not tit to he placed on the 
market. They are crooked and not of 
uniform size. On examining the point« 
you will find most of them split and 
thev will bend or break with one blow 
of the hammer. 

The kegs of these “hlaekshecp” mill« 
are all branded and ran be easily recog. 
nized. And all that the United Nailer* 
Heaters and Rollers of America*ask, i« 
that the C arpenters and the public gen- 
erally will help them to get living wages 
and not buy nor um* the nails marie by 
any of the “seah" mills. Our Brother- 
hood has already given valuable and 
cflieicut assistance in that direction and 
our Local l uiotis have been duly in- 
formed by circulars as to the state of af- 
fairs. The hearty thanks of tin» work- 
men in the nail trade are extended to 
our members for their noble assistance. 

Brothers you are called upon to o»n- 
tinue the boycott of *‘scab nails. Wage 
a bitter, unrelenting war against them, 
don’t buy them; don’t use them; don’t 
take them— «»veil asa gift. Keqm st your 
hardware dealers not to sell them. 

W ith one united effort on the part of all 
the labor organizations of the United 
States we can help the nail makers of 
this country to win a just victory. The 
lid lowing is a list of the scab nail mills. 
Be sure to huv none of the nails with 
their brand. 

Belmont Mill, Wheeling \V. Ya. 

La Belle Mill, “ 44 

Ben wood Mill, 44 14 

Riverside Mill, <# 44 

Wheeling Iron and Nail f’oiupanv, 
Wheeling, W. Ya, 

Laughlin Mill, Martin’s Ferry, O. 

Bel font Mill, Ironton, O. 

Kelly Mill, ironton, O. 

Jefferson Iron Works, Steubenville, 0. 

Norton Mill, Ashland, Ky. 

Terre Haute Nail Works, Terre Haute, 
Inch 

Western Nail Mill, Belleville, III. 



A HARBINGER OF DESTRUCTION. 

The system which will allow a man to 
become a millionaire in a life time is an 
i injustice to the toiling millions whose 
i burdens become heavier year after year. 
It builds up vast monopolies at the ex- 
pense of tlu workers. It allows the rich 
| to prey upon the necessities of the poor. 

It winks at the importation of nun per* 

I to compel our w orkmen to degrad** them- 
selves to the level of those in the most 
, despotic countries. And it cries out at 
the same time for a high tarill to protect 
American industries which brings for- 
tune to the millionaires and additional 
poverty to the» creators of wealth. It will 
furnish militia to coerce the laborer into 
subjection and allow Pinkerton’s cut- 
throats to destroy life in the most wan- 
ton manner, it hires the press and 
bribes the pulpit to advocate the sacred 
rights of propertyless industrial slaves. 
This system drives the small nierchan 
ami farmer out of existence and niake 
of them industrial slaves, it builds ut 
colossal mansions on the one hand am 
miserable hovels on the other. R ,s 
harbinger of the destruction ofourrt- 
p u b 1 i c. — Exch a nge. 



Trade is almost conipleU4y prostratt J 
in the iron industries on the Llyut, a» 
throughout Great Britain. 






THE CARPENTER. 



“ 'Tia Union Forever/ 7 let this be our cry. 

As onward we march to the victory that’s ni^h. 
Cheer up brother workers» and keep to the right, 
Qird up your armor, 'tia liberty’s fight. 

No longer shall workers be ground to the dust, 
Conquer we will and conquer we rftust, 

Cheerily march, for your freedom and life. 

Will surely be gained, if you win in the strife. 

Then “Union Forever” all true men will cry, 
March forward, in battle to do or to die,! 

For Labor’s cause bravely our union doth stand, 
Fighting ’gainst Capital’s iron-gloved hand, 

“The Union Forever ” our motto shall 'be, 

'Twill strengthen us, aid us, at last set us free. 
Then cheerily brothers, march on to the fray. 

Till o'er the horizon breaks Freedom's bright day. 

— L. B. D. 

Quincy, Mass. 



WHAT LABOR CAN DO. 

The English co-operative societies 
have transacted a business during the 
past twenty years amounting to $1,400,- 
000,000. The profits were $106,000,000. 
There are 1264 societies, with about 
700,000 members, representing heads of 
families, making in all 2,750,000 people. 
The sales for the year 1882 were $130,- 
000,000 ; profits, $10,000,000 ; capital, 
$43,000,000. The increase of capital in 
, ten years was 160 per cent. The co- 
operative manual which furnishes these 
figures goes into a vast amount of detail 
to show the operation of these societies. 
The movement took its present shape in 
1864, when the membership was 17,500. 
In four years the membership was 75,- 
000 ; in seven years, 115,000. The move- 
ment took wholesale proportions very 
early. In 1883 the dry goods branch 
of the business involved a capital of 
$1,000,000. Furniture was dealt in, but- 
ter agencies were opened in Ireland and 
houses were opened in Hamburg and 
Copenhagen for the transaction of busi- 
ness. The societies have now their own 
fleet. They have agencies in New York 
where in one year over $100,000,000 was 
handled. They have depots at Liver- 
pool, Manchester, and elsewhere, and 
they insure their own property. 

They make crackers, boots and shoes, 
and soaj)S. They do much of their own 
milling, and are every year expanding 
their operations in a manner which 
shows that there is ability in the work- 
ing class when it is properly selected to 
manage their own affairs.— The above is 
taken from one of our leading dailies. 

The workingmen of America are 
equally able to accomplish the same re- 
sults and even more, but only after they 
have first prepared themselves by trades 
union training. The trades unions of 
England preceded the co-operative 
movement and they were the cradle of 
co-operation. Through them a solidity 
of feeling among the working classes 
was awakened, the strict business meth- 
ods of the trades union qualified the 
men for the rigid business transactions 
of trade and commerce. The fixity of 
life conditions, the class status of the 
workingman, the homogenifcy of the 
people, the close acquaintance with one 
another— all this and much more con- 
tributed to make co-operation a success 
in England, 

In America, for want of these, co-ope- 
ration has been very largely a failure. 
Men have jumped mto it hastily and 
have paid no attention to the prelimin- 
ary essentials, and with but little knowl- 
edge of one another, distrusting each 
others movements, lacking discipline 
and business subordination, what won- 
der the co-operative ventures of Ameri- 
can workmen have become either joint 
stock concerns, or have gone into ruin- 
ous bankruptcy? Therefore we warn 
America workmen to be cautious of 
undertaking co-operative enterprises 
that may only result in a loss of money 
and a destruction of confidence. 



7 



This, From the Scientific Press , is well 
worthy of attention : A manufacturer’s 
workmen constitute his family. If well 
fed and considerately treated, they will 
make him rich. If dealt with in a cold, 
unfeeling and mercenary manner, the 
more independent will rebel and leave, 
while the others will perform their tasks 
with more or less sullenness, careful to 
give no extra minute of time or un- 
necessary stitch of work ; and the mas- 
ter’s profit in that case can only come 
from low wages, long hours and the 
exertions of exacting foremen. 




AN EMPLOYER’S LIABILITY FOR AC- 
CIDENTS TO HIS WORKMEN. 

for aeci- 
tersong en- 
gaged in ms service wnen me injuries 
were inflicted, is a question of import- 
ance to all members of the wood-work- 
ing or kindred trades, and in this con- 
nection some remarks made by Judge 
Wallace, of the U. S. Circuit Court, in a 
case which came before him recently, 
are worthy of special note, because they 
have a bearing upon the most common 
defense which is made by employers in 
such suits — contributory negligence on 
the part of the employe. 

The Judge said that the exemption of 
the employer from liability to a servant 
for the negligence of a fellow-servant 
rests upon the implied undertaking 
of the servant to assume the risks 
necessarily incident to the work in 
which he engages, including the risk of 
the negligence of his fellow-servant in 
discharging duties which the employer 
cannot be expected to discharge person- 
ally. On the other hand a, servant in- 
jured by the combined negligence of his 
master and a fellow-servant can recover 
against the master, because the latter 
was one of two wrong-doers, and as such 
responsible to the person injured. 

From this reasoning it follows that in 
a case in which one servant is injured 
by the contributory negligence of a fel- 
low workman, the carelessness of the 
latter cannot be used as a defense for the 
employer’s negligence. 



THE DANGEROUS CLASSES, 

The New York Star gives the nam is 
of twenty New York, Boston, and Phila- 
delphia ’ millionaires whose aggregate 
wealth amounts to the enormous sum of 
$750,000,000. It further states that this 
sum has been accumulated during the 
last twenty years. 

According to the census report, the 
total increase of wealth in the United 
States during this period amounts to 
about $20,000,000, 000, of which these 
twenty men have accumulated one- 
twenty-sixth part. To earn the total 
increase since 1862 has required the 
labor of 15,000,000 persons, and conse- 
quently one-twenty-sixth of the labor 
of the country, amounting to 574,615 
persons, have given their entire twenty 
years’ earnings to these twenty men. 
Each man has virtually held 28,730 
laborers in servile bondage. This is no 
romance of figures, but stern and terri- 
ble reality ; and, as years pass on under 
our present policies, the number of 
slaves must multiply as the absorption 
power of these cormorants increase. We 
may talk of broad prairies, our home- 
stead laws, our undeveloped resources, 
and our free institutions, but they are 
all a sham aud a mockery, a farce and a 
delusion, under the laws and systems 
which capital and demagogism have im- 
posed upon the industries of the nation. 

OVER PRODUCTION. 

Manufacturer.— These Tirade Union- 
ists, Knights of Labor, and Socialists 
ought to be strung up. Their doctrines 
lead directly to arson and murder, to 
the destruction of property. 

Political Economist, — Yet these men 
put the case pertinently. They say that 
each producer creates $1,000 worth of 
value each year for which he receives 
but $346. that he then becomes con- 
sumer and can buy back only that 
amount of his product represented by 
Ills wages, leaving $675 unsold on your 
shelves. That when he asks for more 
work you refuse it to him until this for- 
mer “over production” is sold — and yet 
he has no more money to purchase with. 
They say that you ought to join with 
thorn in abolishing this idiotic state of 
things. If you do not, pray tell me how 
you can get rid of that $675 worth of 
unsold goods ? 

Manufacturer. — By finding a foreign 
market, my dear sir. 

Political Economist.— But when these 
markets are exhausted as they now are 
practically? 

Manufacturer, — Then I shall sell to 
the insurance companies ! Ha, Ha, Ila ! 

Political Economist.— Ah yes, of 
course ! Thus you avoid arson and 
wanton de^~\?tion of property,— Dmver 
Labor Fm aWtfn/ 



A rather singular accident took place 
a few days ago in Chicago, where a four- 
story brick building collapsed early one 
morning, the whole interior falling into 
the cellar. The weakness of the struc- 
ture was first observed by a boy, who 
saw a movement in the wall, and told 
the engineer, but was laughed at for his 
pains. Soon afterward, however, an 
alarm was raised, and all the persons in 
the building succeeded in escaping be- 
fore it fell. The cause of the catastrophe 
is said to have been the dry-rotting of 
the wooden girders, where they rested 
upon the posts. The building had been 
examined not long before, and pro- 
nounced safe, and it seems possible that 
the rotting of the timber may have been 
caused by painting it while green, and 
that the "same coat of paint may have 
served to conceal the ravages of the fun- 

f us from those who inspected the work. 

’aint, which prevents the drying of the 
corruptible sap of green timber, is a 
common cause of decay, while the con- 
tact of the end grain of one piece with 
the side of another, as in the case of a 
girder resting on a post, is an equally 
common one, so that the safest way in 
buildings framed with such timbers is 
always to rest the horizontal pieces on 
iron caps or brackets, and to avoid 
painting until the work has become 
seasoned by years of use. 

boycottThe’chinese. 

The following appeal has been issued 
by the Women’s Industrial League : 

The Chinese laundries exist to the 
detriment of the working women who 
are compelled by poverty to earn a liv- 
ing by washing and ironing, it being the 
only alternative by which they can sup- 
port themselves and those dependent 
upon them. That the women of our 
country who prefer a life of labor to one 
of shame should be honored and pro- 
tected by the community is evident. 

Therefore we ask every true man and 
woman to aid in ridding our community 
of these foes to honest labor and in- 
dustry. 

Boycott them as leeches, as drones in 
the hive of American industry. 

Boycott them as producers of nothing 
but loathsome disease. 

Boycott them as dangerous to the 
community. 

Boycott them as competitors to our 
widows and orphans in their battle for 
bread. 

We appeal to the manhood and 
womanhood of our community to aid in 
this battle against those God-hating, 
immorality breeding cancers on the 
body politic; as corrupters of youth, 
enemies of good society, our country, 
our religion, and our God. 

Let us drive from our homes and our 
children these leperous opium eating 
Chinamen, and with them will go the 
opium dens. 

Drive them out ! 



SHORTEN THE HOURS. 

To shorten the hours of labor and put 
an end to child labor is the only salva- 
tion of the working people. Make eight 
hours a day’s work, and it will be a 
tremendous" lever to force a fairer dis- 
tribution of the results of toil. There 
will then be less idlers and more cheer- 
ful workers. To obtain sufficient pay 
for labor performed, is a matter of busi- 
ness, to be settled between employer 
and employed in the best way they can. 
Labor is surrounded by such a variety 
of circumstances that it seems impossi- 
ble to regulate the price thereof by any 
fixed rule. It seems to be a question of 
expediency and necessity and fluctuates 
often without any apparent reason. 
Rates of wages are at best but temporary 
— serving their purpose for the present 
only. Strikes for wages amount to but 
little, for they establish nothing per- 
manently. But to shorten the hours of 
labor, and banish the infant from the 
factory, is something better. There is a 
principle in it. It is something that 
when accomplished will last as long as 
man shall labor and the greatest joy 
that toil can earn or wealth can buy — 
the parents presence in the family circle. 
This movement, like every great reform, 
will be opposed by ridicule and all the 
arts of the selfish— both among em- 
ployers and parents ; but, as it is founded 



SHAM COMPETITION IN ESTIMATES. 

There is a species of competition in 
nearly every variety of business that is 
demoralizing in the extreme to all con- 
cerned, and is one cause of the unsatis- 
factory results often attending the em- 
ployment of cheap services. We refer 
to the habit of many who overlook fair 
principles, and secretly endeavor to 
serve their friends at the expense of 
others not bearing so fortunate a re- 
lation. Estimates are called for on cer- 
tain work from a number engaged in the 
calling pertaining to it, but the parti- 
cular friend of the solicitor for bids is 
given a sly glance at the figures of his 
rivals, with the suggestion that the 
lowest of course must have the pre- 
ference. The favorite always under- 
stands what this means, and generally 
so modifies his original demand that be 
gets the contract. 

The various trades connected with 
this class of solicitors lor proposals, and 
they may be found all along the line, 
from the owner to the smallest sub-con- 
tractor. Of course this practice is not to 
be considered universal, but there is 
more of this peculiar kind of negotiation 
going on than outside appearances indi- 
cate. All really honest men will depre- 
cate this form of confidencing the un- 
suspecting out of patronage which they 
have justly earned by the recognized 
rules governing fair competitions. A 
friend may have a certain claim for pre- 
ference so long as his bid is as low as the 
lowest ; but by what law of selection can 
he be chosen over those who put in 
lower original estimates for the same 
work with the implied understanding 
that all the contestants stood on an 
equal footing ? This is done every day 
by men w ho consider themselves in good 
business standing, and who resent any 
insinuations to the contrary. In their 
friendly zeal they do not seem to ap- 
preciate the enormity of the offense com- 
mitted against the rights of others and 
the dignity of the laws of trade. It is 
the know ledge of the power of this per- 
sonal influence in getting contracts that 
many times induces bidders to put in 
estimates without allowing profitable 
margin, the idea being that one step 
into the good graces of the patron 1ms 
been thereby made which will return 
remunerable results in the future* and 
often they are right in their surmises— 
too often for the good of business and 
honest competition. 

Aside from the injury to one rightfully 
entitled to the contract, the parties to 
the deception are placed in such rela- 
tions to each other that the letter of the 
specifications cannot he so rigidly en- 
forced as when the competition has been 
fair and open. The contractor feels that, 
as his own price was not given him, 
little slights in the execution of the 
work should not be complained of. The 
employer recognizing the force of the 
argument, and being less critical of his 
friend than of others, a piece of work 
often inferior to what would have been 
furnished by the legitimate lowest bid- 
led 




der is turned over to the party most in- 
terested in a good job .— Building Trade s 
Journal. 

And all this sham competition in re- 
ducing prices has the effect of reducing 
wages for the workmen, and of rushing 
the w ork through by driving the men at 
a steam pace, and it results in botch 
work and a poor job. — Editor. 



upon principle, it is bound to . ^eed. 
•Trenton- Advertiser, 



r bids. „ 



THE GREAT PROBLEM. 

The problem of the day is not how to 
furnish more work for the workers, or 
at least should not be. The problem 
should be bow to lessen the hours of toil 
for those who labor and divide them out 
among those who do not, and then per- 
mit the laborer to have what he pro- 
duces. Upon every hand we see grana- 
ries and store houses filled to overflow- 
ing with productions of labor until 
people in their stupidity cry out that 
there is an over-production. Yet pro- 
ducers are compelled to toil 12 or 16 
hours each day to get enough of these 
articles to sustain life. Better means of 
distribution, distributing the hours of 
labor and the products thereof among 
the people is what is needed, not more 
labor for them to perform, — Carthage 
(Mo.) Press. 



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4 



THE CARPENTER. 



THE CARPENTER, 

Published Monthly 

— BT THE— 

Srrtkrhood of Cirpeatas aid Joiner:. 



OF AMERICA. 



Terms— Fifty cent* a year, in advance, postpaid 
Address all letters and monies, to 

P. J. Mc« »U IRK. 

Lock Box 18«», Cleveland, Ohio. 

■ - L ■ ■ 



ICEW UNIONS. 

During December, our Brotherhood 
granted charters to six new unions: 



Ok* or our member* in Union 96, 
Springfield, Mass., foreman of a large 
job, and one of the best mechanics in 



131, Binghampton, N.Y. ; 132, Richmond, i tliat town » makes it rule that every man, 

working under him shall join the Car- 
penters union. Other foremen should 
follow his example. 



CLEVELAND. JANUARY. 1886. 



IMPORTANT TO ADVERTISERS. 



.The Carpkytf.r has the largest guaranteed 
circulation of any Trade Journal among Carpen- 
ters and Joiner*. No other publication affords so 
man? advantages to those having Tool*. Hurd ware 
or Building Supplies to dispose of. a* doe* Thf. 
Carpkntrr. from the fact its circulation is en- 
tirely among the class they most desire to reach. 

It is read monthly by at least 25,1*0 people in all 
parts of the United States and Canadas, being the 
official organ of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and 
Joiners of America. And the members of this 
society make it a practice to patronize those who 
advertise in this journal. 



ADVERTISING RATES. 



\a.; 133, Beverly, Mas*?.; 134, Bruns- 
wick, Ga. ; 135 Chelsea, Mass. ; 136 

Augusta, tia. 

A FEW ERRORS CORRECTED. 

Hero are two items that have had 
quite a general circulation in the labor 
journals the past few months, and we 
want to correct them : 

First. — “Over 500 carpenters have 
joined the Knights of Labor in New 




MINUTES OP THE EXECUTIVE BOARD 

and Binjhainpton^N.*™ 0101 ' Bror,t t f 'n, M«,., 
Claim No. <W. Mr*. Mary Van IIoc*on. . . 
Claim of Wm Klliott. Tor-.t-t.. r , r '**'*• 
liimbility benefit, taken up. I r, form, t i.Y.! * V'’ f,, r 
Bro^ Klliott has been working at Hu, 



A Full and complete report of the 
proceedings of the Federation of Trades 
at Washington, D. O.. as taken from the 
official 'minutes, will he in our next 
issue. We content ourselves with the re* 
port of our delegate this month. 

A Wonderful revolution has occured 



One inch 

Vi Column 

ii Column 

yi Column 

One Column ... 



1 Os# 
Month. 


Thf## 

Mosthi 


1 75 
1 00 
1 75 
3 on 
5 on 


91 75 

2 25 
4 00 
6 50 
12 on 



On# 

Tui. 



Six 1 

Mosth«! 

tt oo ! 9*5 oo 
4 V»; 8 00 
7 .ML 14 OO 
14 00 2b 10 
24 no 45 (0 



Bedford, Mass.” To that we wish to 1 in the late parliamentary elections in 
say positively that there are not one- 
third of 50o carpenters, all-told in New 
Bedford. And for proof wo refer to the 
Mas&irhusf'tts State Census. 

Second , — “ All the carpenters of Mo- 
bile, Ala., have joined the K. of L.” 

Well, our Brotherhood has two local 
unions in Mobile, and they are the only 
recognized organizations of carpenters in 
Mobile, and they comprise fully four- 
fifths of all the carpenters in Mobile. 






Liberal discount on standing contracts and for 
larger space. 

None but reputable advertisements will be given 
s place in the columns of this paper. 

All communications should be addressed to 
P. J. McGUIRK, 

Lock Box 180, Cleveland, 0. 



NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS. 



Matter for publication must be in this office by 
the 25th of the month. 

All matter intended for this journal should be 
written on one side of the paper only. 

Corresponding Secretaries should fill out their 
blanks promptly and have them in this office by 
the 25th of each month. 

Write short, newsy letters of trade interest, and 
send us items of general labor news. But bt brief 
vnd to the point, as our space is limited. 



COST OF SUPPLIES. 

Constitutions V 100 

Membership Cards “ 

Traveling 11 “ 

Withdrawal “ *• 

Official Note Paper “ 

Notices of Arrears '* 

Proposition Blanks .. #r 

Appeals “ 

Blank Bondi, “ •• 

Smaller quantities same priqp in Proportion. 
S^Send the neoeu&ry cash with all orders. 



Owing To t lie early darkness and abort 
days of winter months, Carpenters who 
j are now working, make but a trifle fiver 
s hours por day, ami get paid as a rule 
by the hour. Their wages are cut down 
( to correspond with the hours worked. 

I Yet they manage- to live on the pay they 
get and if they eUn do so now, when 
the cost of living is so much more ex- 
pensive in winter, than at other seasons, 
then why can’t they adopt the * hour 
system the whole year round, and even 
• take 8 hours pay in order to establish 
the system? Without doubt the result 
wot: hi he that the increased demand for 
men would soon bring 10 hours pay for 
| the 8 hours work. While now the ten- 
dency is to give them 4 hours pay for 10 
hours work ! Think of this. 



15 no 
l oo 
1 00 
1 00 
50 
50 
30 
25 
50 
50 
5 



THINGS TO BE REMEMBERED. 

We must hare promptness and discipline. 

All Appeals, grievances, etc. should be sent to 
the Executive Board. 

»Steady Attendance at the meetings gives life 
and interest to the Union. 

Members ooino OFF to another city should be 
provided with a traveling card. 

Three Months in arrears subjects a member to 
*uspemion and loss of beuofits. 

Ths Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of 
America is incorporated under the laws of the .State 
of Ohio, p 

Piece Work is strictly forbidden by the rules of 
our Brotherhood and it is a detriment of the worst 
kind to the interest of our trade. 

Financial Officers of Loch 1 Unions should be 
under bonds and blank bonds for that purpose can 
be had of the (iuneral Secretary. 

Financial Secretaries of Local Unions should 
transact all financial business with the (icncntl 
Secretary, and send in their inon'bly reports. 

Corresponding Secretaries should conduct all 
official correspondence with the General Secretary 
and send in all trade news and matter for publica- 
tion. ** 

Unions must pat up their Capita Tax und Ibmth 
Assessments promptly. Any Union failing to do so 
within 30 days after notice, will be su*i>eiided from 

benefit. 

All Monibs to this office must be sent per Post 
Offioe money order and should be sent to the Gen- 
eral Secretary, and made payable to the General 
Treasurer. * 

The Monthlt Reports of the F. 8. of each Local 
Union must be in the offioe yf the General Secre- 
tary. on or before the 8t!i of each month Make 
hem cut the last meeting night in euch month. 
iApplication for Death Benefit inu-t state the 
. age and residence of the deceased, cause and 
of death, and du to of admission into the 
lerhood, also to whom the benefit is puynble, 
relation of the claimant to the deceased. It 
be signed by tho President, F. »S. and five 
berpin^jrood 8tAD< ** n * ttD ^ #worn 10 before a 

IMS for funeral benefit on death of wife must 
4e la the manner above stated. 



THE STATE OF TRADE. 

To sum up the multitude of reports 
tliis month from all our Local Unions, 
we ran safely say that carpenter work 
is quite dull all over the country. Of 
course at this wintry season of the year, 
i such a state of affairs is to he expected, 
and as usual the larger cities are feeling 
the stress more than the smaller cities 
and towns, \\ hat little work is going 
on at present, is confined to repairs or 
finishing up work that is already under 
rover. The general mildness of the 
weather this season, however, has per- 
mitted out door work fully six weeks 
longer than last season. This has en- 
abled a good many jobs to get under 
cover. Consequently there are not so 
many carpenters idle this month as 
were idle in January, 1885.— Neverthe- 
less there is quite a large number out of 
work, and there always will be more or 
less unemployed until the eight hours 
system is adopted the whole year round. 
The outlook for the eoming Spring and 
Summer season for earpeiiter work is 
very promising, as there is a large 
amount of building projected and the 
upward tendency of the iron market in- 
dicates a general revival in business. 
At present there is nothing to be gained 
by men running about from one city to 
another and overcrowding one place af- 
ter another. The only result is to de- 
press tra le and to reduce wages. Stay 
at home now and organize to hi* in posi- 
tion tn get wages enough when trade is 
good, to keep you when trade is had. 



Union lt>. New Orleans, ha., has been 
suspended for violating the principles of 
our Brotherhood. , 



disability 

I Bro. Kilt 

| he wie* injured, and nlthm.Kh' Ji\a WiT'i'I l 1 ' 1 ''« 
not incapacitated from partially foll.,'2 
trade, and according to Art Kill it ltle 

the E. B. disapproved the claim. " 1 - *• 

Claim No. 70. Me. Ellen Pilkey, Toronto r„ 

ada, approved. ni °. 1 an- 

. Appeal from Cnion 122, (Serumntown I*. . 

in* inti- revision of K. B. in p-ttin« ti,.,',« k ' 
rata share of the funds of I'np.n No " io n l' r ,° 
phia. Pa., of Which they were fornp-riy a ^ T 
<hS- to write to t m..n No, s. with i % V.|- r ?. , ch ' 
range matter* umicabty. biar- 

Letter from deni. Pres. Billinxsley.su«.*,, j.,. 
Inion In. .New Orleans. La . fr.„„ all 1 "* 

the It. until said I nioii paid the n.oi.i. - a 

to Mrs Mutth. Action of (i. P. endorse l ... 1 
N instructed to advertise the ^ 

New Orleans paper.*. 1 

,.kl tP t r J r T’ t> ,,ro - K- Stevens. Oakland, c 
*5J V . I . of the B , reporting ho inv. ;; 
affairs m I uinn 22. Ordered that theij s 
strueted to > inloriu the lienl. Pre. that i 

rfe,. 1 V'A XA?:: j" a™« «<.'•% 



Great Britain! Th< k ch<»ireof JosepliAreh, 
the hea»l of the farm laborers, to a si*at 
in the House of Commons, and hacked 

at the same time by the election of a 

dozen trades unionists to seats in Parlia- 1 io?iay?^ * U *'*"M wiYhin’ 

ment, has shocked the “sensibilities” 
of the landed gentry, the dukes, earls* 
lords— and all the titled lon/rrß of the 
realm. This month for want of space j 



H**olr*d, That $#> In* appropriated to hcln , lP 
iiiuv new cariKMiter* union* on rh. pa. ifi.- iw, 
Mepheni* be appointed to act .i.- M r »nn 

d that thf* flenl iW. be «M.nsultod in tin 



gamzc 
and Bro 
ixer. an 
matter. 

Letter from 



oa«t. 
rg;tn 
in the 

t. Paul l nion No. 87, asking if a 



we are compelled t«i crowd out a verv in- mwui ^ r who l>ee<nne* a m> fireman or bcM .,m^ H 
. » . ' . .... " , . newsdealer, phall In* eoinpHb*d t<. ink.« a with 

teresting letter from hngland on this drawaleard. K. B. decided th**ro i* nothin* in th« 
subject I Constitution to cover .«m b ea*e*. 






Keport on eanva** »if tcenerul v»»t»* on H-hour 
question. etc., -bows it tallied with the imb!i*h«*d 
rei*ort of the G. S. 1 



Great Depression prevails in the Car- 

pentcr tra<le <*f England, ami complaint* Appeal from Union W. Ilolyoke. Ma«s i„ r ... 
are made that large consignmentn of ' *»rd to das. Landon : n*.o>r..i, riiit iV Pthe 
doors, window frame« and house trim- ' ?h£uh“S Lamfün"!«^ l*{ l e c Y:' oncc furni,he,,; 
mmgs, are imported from ( rermanv and | Warrant drawn for Claim No. r>s. 

America. The Steamer Kipon ( tty, 1 Warrant drawn fort -Uim No.*,., 
from New 1 ork, on one trip last month 
discharged 1300 ready inadt* «l.»ors at , 0I1 ,. ut . 

Newcastle ijuay, and after paying freight i hard 
for them, they were from li) to 45 per 
rent cheaper than if made in England. 

Flans and 8p( k eifleations for certain large 
buildings in England, have been sent to 
Sweden, and the wood work lias been 
“got out” there. 

The Boycott on Kaufman’s building 
and store, Pittsburgh, Pa., for hiring 
Non Union men in its construction , has 
been lifted; the firm lias come to terms. 

IIereafter tin» State printing in 
New York will be done bv Union 
printers — the scab firm of Weed, Par- 
sons it Co., have lost the contract 
through the influence of organized la- 
bor. 

the 
cm 



.•f 

It 



Dec. 15. — Appeal from Union 7s, Tr*»y, N. V 
*i*tion of rabuw mak<T* i.ntrirj K ' oj/ the 
hard wi.o .1 fim«h in Lml lime- On morion K. H 
that tho putting up»*f h?ir« I w.mi< 1 ut.rk in 
the construction of buiMmv- by rivrlit nn 1 traJe 
u?»»Mre beloiiE- t»» tho Iwu-»* rurpenter- an 1 e»: rior« • 
sn*i it b the -i.fi-»* of t !»•• K B. the - ur L» M ..»i 
« nion* ahouM «Io all in th'ür i <*u« r tn •h-**<n i rtt«re 
the *y*tem of hiring » iCiinet inak.-r^ :»t l,,wo r 
w, than cHrponrer* to put up the h ir-l w..ofi 
finish in huiHituT'i. An I furth«T the K. It hol<i 
that nil w*mm| work in th»* »'on-tnn*tion »if a hmM- 
it** ppiperly b»*|»ink'- t«» tin- h»»u-«* can *‘»e«*r« .m l 
joiner« from the time the material h l» liw*r» l at 
the buihliriR. 

Warrant »Irawn for « laim No. 7‘*. 

I>cc. 22.— Warrant Incvn f*»r ?7‘* to pay I !l f ,r 
7 dozen watch charm* with emblem of rh.» li. 

Bill* presented : NV . .W >hiel'l*. f«*r orEanizing 
Brockton. Ma*s , 32 "2; Silas bwirc. f».r ..rgaa- 
iting Haverhill, M:m., V», Or leied pui I. 

Dec. 25. — Report of Au lifiriM Committei» on ac. 
connt* of G. S. for Nov., recM*ive«| and approved. 

Charter* frnnto.i : Kiidnnond. Vn. 

Application from North St. L»»ub. Mo., Her- 



Danbury, Conn., is the eentn 

hat trade in the United 8tatcs. .. .... , , . , . , 

jiloVH thoiisaml.s in that imlustry ami it No! ,,v,!r «aviw* 

Claim No. 71. Jam«*- Drayt»in. Chnrlehton. S. 
laid over for completion of papers. 

Letter from Holyoke. calling attention to 

certain violation* of law by noun* member* of 
Union Hi, .such a* revealing the aetion* of the 
fpi . | 1 nion to outsider*, and member* dniuit pi.ee 

1 In* manufacturers also agree ; work. AI*o. that the tren*urer ».f the Union i- . n- 



\)dn been the scent* of 8ome,bitttT strikes. 

This month by agreement with the Hat- 
ters’ L nion every hat shop in Danbury, 
has become a Union shop. And today 
there is not a scab hatter to be found iii 
Danbury. The manufacturers also agree 
to hereafter settle all troubles by arbit- th«* liquor hu*in«-*. Tho <;. s. w.mcn 

ra t; on I dorned in writing to the Union tlmt any momhi-M 

I violating tho Constitution should be tried mid t*x- 

Valuabls Assistanc e to our Brother- 

hood has been given bv tile following .. ° n qm**tion of a member g -ing inf * the 
Inbor if hi mo la* Tl... tt liquor hu*inc** : K*tnlvr<{, That it i* th<* opinion 

A . ] , *<irn.UH. I hi* Imuhm Workman, . „f tho K. B. that it was thi* si.irir nn.l int. i.t ..f tho 
Payton, «J., Johix Swxixton s /V|p#»r t 21 I*ark f<iund»»r* of our II. that any member who «»nfer* 
Row. New York; Isihor Hr mb) Pitts- die hu*inc** of -idlinK intoxicatimr drink 

I m rc?)\ P« . /.*».•/»,, v v... i should take out a w ithdrawal card and retire 

v F 9 9 “ Wt * r ' p ' nwri\M t Newark, from inetiil*r*hip. And itia*nnich a* nu other 

liiere are other laiior journals trade* or labor organization will r**fain a man in 



journals 

that have given us friendly notices and R*«*i«bcr*hij» who enter* tin; beer or liquor hi 

on lormor ocf Anion, wo hnvo n*lo nu n- J CSÄSK it 1 1 Ä V.CVS 
tion of them. 

New Officers have been elected this 
month in all our Loral Unions. Our list 
of Unions has heroine so large that we 
have not spare to give the names of all 

the newly elected officers. Our List of. . .. - M ...... 

.. :il oiiw«... ..li ,i .. a t . < ominunication frouMietil. Pro*. Ibllimr-I* > re 

»St t n Lines u ill show all changes that eeived, ondorsinic action uf K 11. in appmiuiai.iig 
have been reported. rnnticv tu organize new union* in California and 

M lia vf.,, fv, M , . . • .. I to *u*pend Union* No. I and No. 22 on Jan. I«»* 

Its. J >H.N M A( Donald, (/ineinnati, |SS5, in cn*ethey do not pay their are *r*. «>r* 
O., sends us a card of thanks to the H — i der«d filed. 



rganizatioL 

iai*i- 

iii- 

or 

liquor himne-* -hall not b»* entitled t • » uiPinher- 
*hip in the BrothorhoiHl, and ►hall he co mi »el led to 
Lakchii withdrawal card. Tho K. li. tru*f- «*• the 
e«hh| *<»n*e of the memher* for the enforcement of 
thi.* decision. 

^ Rp|M»rt from Bro. «1. FMmnnaton, it« delegate to 
Foil, of Trade*. r«*ad and ordered piih|i*he»l. 



for it« nromntni'H« in paying off tho bon- 
ofit of »250 line on tin* ih-ath of hor la- 
mont«il hu«banil, Hro. John Mao Don- 
ald. Sh« also tenders thank« to Bro. C. 
A. Rockwood, Fin. Sec. of Union No. 2, 
for his.kindncss. 

We Trcst the time will noon come, 
when the Carpenters of New York City 
«ml vicinity will he amalgamated with 
our Brotherhood. Negotiations for that 
purpose are now pending. 

CARD OF THANKS. 

Toronto. ( 'aim tin. Dec 91. 1885. 

I ret»irn uiy rinoere tlnuk* to the Kx ecu! ivt? 
Board for heir prompt netihunent of uiy claim of 
the death In- m* fit of my wife, and abo thanking 
the Union, to wich I belong, for the hospitality 
and k indue** t he mein her* buve shown unto me. 
Will you kindly put thin in the Campkm kk and 
oblige your# truly, Wn. E. Pilket. 



Official coin m ii nictation received from Ja*. IL 
Perry, Sec. of the Grand Kx. €%tun«*il of the I • u* 
American Unrpcntor* and Joiner* of New » ork 
and vicinity. a*king for enrre*pondciKc witn a 
view to co-operate with our II. Ordered filed ana 
(i. S. ordered to continue correspondence. 

G. »S. instructed to visit Pittsburgh. Pa.» «nd 
vicinity, after tho holidays, with a view to organ- 
ise union*. 

Dec. 29.— Letter read from San Francisco I nion 
22. and inasmuch a* the main difference between 
tho Union and the general office i* in regard I» 
*ll-pe|l*io|| of *o|||»- llieiill eta of 1 , ii.»li o 
rcsobed i»v til*- K II to aeeofit ini.b r prot«** 
finanejal report# of Union 22. lor Jul> and A»g' 
1HV/,. and inuke a ►ettleuient on that Kim.-. 41,11 J 
giv»* them civil it lor beoeiit- pal i, bu» th'« 
ditticMilry, nevei finde*»-, would be -ulum'ted to 
next convention ot the B. tor liiml o<*n* «•• 

Charter# granted: Beverly. Mu#.*, and M rUM * 

wick, Hu. 

Jam. 5. — Claim No. 71, Hen. II PoWm*. ■ 

and ordered paid. Warrant druwu tor tl# 

71 . 




NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

\ * Manchester. — U nion 118 meets in Good Ternp- 
jjrj Hall. It has held a few public meetings, 
r ^n good success. There are quite a number 
Wraid they will lose their jobs if they join. The 
JP a F of tho “corporation lash” strikes terror to 
*“ ei r souls. Nevertheless, we are getting new 
«embers constantly. Work has been quite fair, 
owing to mild woather; now it is getting dull. 

<J| RHODE ISLAND. 

Providence. — Overstocked; wages SI .50 to 52.50. 
fhpon 94 growing slowly. “The labor question” is 
J^hfij^strongiy agitated hero among all branches 

CONNECTICUT. 

Anson i a. —U nion 120 picking up, and moots the 
jirst and third Wednesday evenings at Veteran's 
Hall, Main street. 

New Haven,— Members coining in slowly. 
0w hig to dull times and fear of the bosses. But 
be have courage and hope by continued effort to 
Set ail good men to join us. 

^ Hartford.— Our sociable last month was a coin- 
success, eclipsing all our former efforts, 
».--gates were present from Springfield and 
Meriden; New Britain, Waterbury, etc., were not 
^Presented, as they could not return tho same 
W&ht- Wo will net close on to $175 profit. Union 
i l ? increasing, and suspended members are ap- 
plying to be reinstated. All union men are fairly 
^Piployed. We have nearly $700 now in our 
«’easury, or about $8 for every member in good 
»landing. Though small in membership, we con- 
»mer ourselves pretty large, and we work together 
harmony, and that is our secret of success. Our 
Members “have come to stay.” 

, O anbury. — Union 121 now numbers 104 mem- 
JJors, which is good for a small city like this. We 
®oet every Tuesday in Temple of Honor Hall, and 
our members are enthusiastic. Propositions 
pep streaming in, and all from first-class mechan- 
ics, for wo will admit none others. We have 
started out to have the best union in tho State, 
f n d we mean to make it so. Trade not brisk; 
*ages $2 to $2.50. 

■ at^rbury.— D ul 3 , one-quarter of the trade 

'die; wages $2 to $2.50. Union 44 growing vigor- 
ously. 

K New Britain.— Union 97 still keeps the fire 
turning! Bro. J. W. Allen is now at work to or- 
ganize some more new unions in this State. He 
J 8 working on Wallingford, Norwich and Middle* 
tewri. Trade here dull, and our union growing 
stronger each meeting. We are proud of The 
Carpenter, as we can hand it even to the most 
\ c °P»ervative and got them to read it. 

Bridgeport.— On December 23 wo had a splen- 
did soiree, and it added to our treasury. Trade is 
Rot very brisk; all union men working at 25 cents 
»er hour. Union 115 is progressing favorably. 
Meriden. — No report. 

M ASSACHUSETTS. 

.Somerville.— Union 24 holding firm. Wages 
to $2.50. 

Lawrence. — T rade middling; wagos $1,50 to 
112,25. Union 111 doing well; holds public meet- 
1C| ga once a month, and expects to number 100 by 

s nHng. 

Boston— Work is slow; Union 33 doing well; 
fURny non-union men out af work. Great activity 
ln Starting up new organizations of various trades. 

Holyoke,— Dull; wages $1.25 to $2.50; strangers 
nocking in here every cPiy ; three carpenters to one 
Jch, and mostly all cheap help. Union 95 is 
thrifty, and our worthy President, S. A. Davis, 
been presented with an elaborately-carved 
Pin, made of cherry, design same as emblem of B; 
tho carver ami designer was Bro. Joseph Gardner, 

, Haverhill. — Trade quiet; prospect not vory 
bright. Union 82 in good order, and adopted a 
8l ck benefit of $5 per week for thirteen weeks for 
id who have been members for one year; $2.50 per 
\oek for thirteen weeks on a six months' member- 
ship. This went into effect January 1, 1886. Bro. 
Dwire has been working to organize Lowell, Mass.; 
J?Pent two days there, and will soon report a union. 
#hero is some talk of the Lawrence and Haverhill 
Unions starting a co-operative carpenter shop in 
this city. 

’ Worcester. — Very dull: wages 15 to 25 cents 
Per hour: very few big jobs under way, mostly 
dwelling houses. Union 93 gaining in members; 
R good class coming, and several contractors have 
joined us. Since January 1 our initiation foe is 
- 83, and wo are incorporated under the State laws. 
We also have a local death benefit on a three 
months' membership. Wo assess each member 50 
oents for benefit of the family of deceased. We 
Rre also talking of building oty* own hall. 

, Lynn, — Union 112 is growing in fine shape. The 
bosses are mostly all in favor of a union so as to 
regulate prices and keep out tho “saw and 
hatchet” men. Our union has started up Beverly, 
and is now at work on Salem. Trade is middling; 
^ages $1 to $2.50. 

Brockton.— Union 130 was installed December 
7, 1885, by Bro. W. J- Shields, of Boston, assisted 
by brothers from Boston, Somerville and Lynn, 
■jdnee then applications are constantly pouring in. 
We meet every Saturday at James’ Hall. Clark’s 
block. Main street. There are 280 carpenters; 100 
to work ; wages $2 to $2.50; trade dull. 
Springfield.— No report. 






HOOK NOTICES. 

Facts and Mysteries of Spiritism— B y Jo- 
seph Hartman. A narrative of personal experi- 
ences. Pp. 378, 12 mo., cloth, $1.50. Thomas W. 
‘Hartley k Go., publishers. 420 Franklin street, 
Philadelphia, Pa. A vory odd book. 

New System of Hand-R vili.vg, or how to cut 
, hand-railing for circular and oMier stnlrs. square 
V/ from the plank, without ai l of a failing mould, 
y* Tho system is pew. economic, simple and easily 
'/ learned. R iles, instructions and working draw 
J jugs for bull ling rails for sev m different kinds of 
- Tairsare riven Bv an old stair builder. Pub- 
} ished bv Fred T. Hodgson 294 Broadway, New 
[»J ork City, or tobe had at this office. Cloth, gilt; 
&rke 51, 

:r in 



w 



subject 



NEW YORK. 

Amsterdam.— Trade moderate, wages 20 oents 
per hour, members pouring into Union No. b, 
and wo have “nigh unto” 100 members. 

Oneonta.— Very quiet, wages $1.50 to $2.50; a 
good many idle. We have a new firm of contract- 
ors— all Union carpenters and will hire none but 
Union men. 

Syracuse.— Union 12-4, is getting new members 
by holding public meetings and much enthusiasm 
prevails. Trade slack, wages $1.50 to $2.50. 

Cohoes.— Dull, but prospects fair, wages $1.25 
to $2.50. We are passing around a petition among 
the contractors to recognize Union 99 and lure 
none hut Union men; nearly all have signed it and 
tho few who hold back will be inline before long. 

Troy.— Union 78 has arranged a series of soci- 
ables, the first were hel i on Dec. 12, and again on 
Jan. 9. The next will be on Feb. 13, March 13 and 

Irrade quiet, wages $2 to $3; Union 78 has de - 
cided to adopt the 8 hour system May 1, 1886, and 
to demand 26 cents per hour. We propose _ to lot 
the wages question drop, in order to establish the 
short hours system. 

Bingiiampton.— Union 131, is now in working or- 
der. We have adopted a system of grading tho 
men into second and third classes; each 25 cents a 
day lower than the other. 

Rochester, Utica and Buffalo, no trade re- 
ports, 

NEW JERSEY. 

Trenton.— Trade moderate; wages $1.50 to $2.50; 
Union 31 is picking up. 

Newark.— Union 119 is growing at every raeet- 
tng and by Spring we will control the trade in this 
city. The Brotherhood is hiking well with the 
Carpenters of Newark, and before long we will 
have some now Local Unions in adjacent cities./ 



DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

Washington.— Union 1 gave a very enjoyable 
ball at tho National Rifles’ armory, Dec. 18. 
Trade dull prospects fair for next Spring. The 
short hours agitation is taking firm hold, and all 
branches of labor are preparing to adopt it next 
May. 

MARYLAND. 

Baltimore.— Tho groat question here is the 8 
hour system next May, and Union 29 has declared 
itself solidly in favor of adopting it then. Our 
Union is doing well and has very lively meetings. 
Trade quiet. 

Frostburg.— Work is at a stand still, % and ( we 
have not given up hopes of a Carpenter's Union 
here. 

PENNSYLVANIA . 

Chrstf.r and Philtfsbuug.— Trade flat; most 
members out of town for work. 

Germantown.— Work slack; Union 122 is grow- 
ing nicely. 

Philadelphia.— Trade dull, many members out 
of work. Some miserable piece workers have 
driven away some of our members from a job at 
$2.76 per day; the piece workers took two bay win- 
dows for $2 each, and three men earned H4 be- 
tween them in a day and a half. The piece work- 
ers get an eight room house ready for plastering 
for $7. Those are tho kind of “cattle” wo have to 
deal with here* 

On Jan. 2, Union 8 held a splendid entertain- 
ment at Lincoln Hall, for the benefit of some of 
the Brothers. On Jan. 11. a public mooting of 
Union 8, will be held, to advance the eight hour 
movement. This subject is the main topic of dis- 
cussion in all our meetings and we are in earnest 
to carry it out. We have opened up a correspon- 
dence with the other organizations of the building 
trade in this city, with a view to united action on 
the first of May next. Union 8, has made the Phil- 
adelphia 2 ocHin, (a spicy weekly labor paper) tho 
local official organ of tho Union- Our Union now 
has a well filled treasury, and though trade is very 
dull, the Union is doing well. This city is full of 
idle Carpenters. Tho German branch of Union 8 
is getting along in fine shape and they are devot- 
ing themselves very closely to educational pur- 
poses. 



THE WESTERN STATES. 



IOWA. 

Cedar R apids.— Trade quiet, most Union men 
at work; Union 108 now charges $2.50 initiation 
fee. We art? gotting in a fine class of workmen 
and Union growing slowly. Our contractors are 
very much opposed to emloying Union men, hut 
they will soon have to do that or else hire none but 
“scabs” for all the good men will join the Union, 
for the good of tho trade. 

Des Moines— Union 68 is in better shape now 
than she ever was. Trade middling, many out of 
work. 

Council Bluffs.— No report. 

WYOMING TER. 

Cheyenne.— Trade pn the decline; work scarce, 
wages $2.50 to $3,50; Prospects poor. Union 64 
has its first annual calico hop, on Jan, 13, Tickets 
$ 1 . 

ILLINOIS. 

Chicago.— Union 21 is picking up nicely, and a 
new branch — Branch 4 --has been formed at 208 
Blue Island Ave. Trade completely prostrated 
and tho city is flooded with “tramp” carpenters. 

Decatur.— W ork closed down for Whiter; 
wages down to bread and water rates. A great 
many idle in all branches. 

INDIANA. 

Indianapolis. — Many Carpenters idle; wages 
$1 25 to $2.25. Union 15 standing firm, 

Evansville.— Quite a boom in Trade Unions 
here The Plasterers have organized and all the 
labor organizations have joined in a I ‘ados As 
Nombly. Union 90 is growing steadily, and wo 
have a large attendance at every meeting He 
have a printed Oho, which we sing at the opening 
and losing of meeting and during initiation. 



Denver,— Wages $2 to $3; 375 Carponters in 
town and over 100 idle. Union 55 is in the best 
condition financially and numerically of all the 
labor organizations in this city. Wo are red hot 
for the 8 hour system, and want no backward step 
taken. 

KANSAS. 

Wichita. — Union 123 meets ©very Tuesday 
evening and new numbers are joining us right 
along. Business fair, all Union men at work; 
wages $2 to $2,50. Great interest in our Union. 

Parsons.— Dull; wages $1.75 to $2.25. Union 
113 has nearly two-thirds of all the Carpenters in 
town. On Jan, 3 our Union had a sociable at 
Library Hall, with speaking and dancing and a 
fine supper. 

*Chanute.— Union 103 held an entertainment 
at Music Hall last month; the hall was crowded 
and a splendid programme was admirably carried 
out, and this has given our Union quite a boom. 

Leavenworth.— Union 73 is in prosperous 
shape. Trade quiet. 

OHIO. 

Sandusky.— V ery slack, wages $1.25 to $2.2fp 

Dayton.— Union 104, is having a wonderful 
boom and new members are crowding in. 

Massillon. — On the eve of Dec. 22, the Trades 
Assembly of this city had a street parade with 
torches and banners and wound up with a large 
mass meeting in the City Hall. It was a grand 
success. Union 117 took part and is growing 
every week. 

Akron. — Union 84 held a grand ball on Dec. 15 
at Ayliffe Hall, and it was a financial and social 
success. Trade flat; wages $1«75 to $2.50. Union 
men fairly employed. 

Cleveland. — Fifth annual entertainment and 
festival of Union 10 wili be held Feb. 9. Music, 
recitations and addresses are on the programme, 
also a supper for the guests. Trade prostrated by 
bad weather; wages flattened out by indifferent 
carpenters; the rate is from $1.25 to $2.25. 

Martin’s Ferry.— Union 14 has held several 
public ineotings of late. Work is scarce; wages 
low. 

Bella irk.— Wages $1.50 to $2; Union men at 
work ; business moderate. We want the Lien La w 
of Ohio amended to protect us. 

Springfield.— Very quiet; $1.25 to $2.25; better 
than last winter, yet many are idle; city full of 
them; steer clear of here, 

Toledo.— Work closed up; $1.50 to $2.25; mem- 
bers coming into Union 25 every week; the G. S. 
speaks here Jan. 13. Keyser, wagonmaker, ex- 
saloon bum politician and would-be contractor, 
has “busted up” on low figures. lie had the most 
work last season and “beat” everyone he dealt 
with. Very little piecework here. Malone, con- 
tractor on Insane Asylum, wanted to try it, bathe 
couldn't. Plumbers, gas-fitters and steam-fitters 
organized last month, and have every man in their 
trade union except two. 

Cincinnati.— Union men mostly all at work; 
mill bosses are laying off some of their oldest 
hands to make place for boys at $7 to $9 per week; 
and just as long as mill hands keep out of the 
union this will continue; they will only wake up 
when they are down to a dollar a day. Many of 
theso mill bosses arc crying out about Northern 
mill work, and another new firm has started into 
it here. If the mill bosses and their men would 
join hands with Union No. 2 they could soon down 
this Northern mill work. Council of Building 
Trades is nearly perfected, and it is going to be a 
power. All the building trades here favor eight 
hours. Union 2 is doing well; work fairer than 
last season, still many are idle, mostly scabs. G. 
S, speaks here Jan. 31. 

MICHIGAN. 

Detroit.— Union No. 10 is growing at a wonder- 
ful rate. Its meetings are well attended, and the 
members are all alive to their duties. Trade 
slaking up on account of weather. 

Grand Rapids.— Business dull; weather too 
severe; prospects for next season fair. Union 65 
doing nicely. 

Jackson.— Pretty dull; $1.25 to $2; many idle. 
Union 26 in good shape and growing. 

Owosso. — Fair, but work will soon close, as the 
weather is too cold; more carpenters here now 
than necessary; wages $1.50 to $2.25. 

Battle Creek— $1.50 to $2,25; work moderate; 
quite a number idle. 

Muskegon.— Work has wound up here; too much 
snow. Union 100 is gaining new members, and 
will grow more rapidly as soon as work starts up. 

Hastings.— D ull. Union 80 solid,* 

South Bay City — Union 129 mocts every Mon- 
day evening at Hick's Hall, Water street, between 
Thirtieth and Thirty -first streets. We are doing 
well; work is slack. 



MINNESOTA. 

St. Paul. — Union 87 is making rapid strides. 
The members are energetically working for the 
union. Trade at a standstill; wages $1.50 to $3. 
Though many are idle, most of the union men 
keep each other in jobs, 

Minneapolis.— Business moderate; wages $1.75 
to $2.50. Union 34 increasing so rapidly that there 
is talk of starting another union in E Minne- 
apolis. Our public meeting on Dec. 26 was a 
rouser. W c have organized a co-operative associ- 
ation. 1,000 shares at $10 each, making $10,000 
capital; none but union carpenters can bo stock- 
holders; $2,000 in shares has been taken up to date. 

Remarks of Editor. —Our Minneapolis broth- 
ers had better proceed carefully, for, as a rule, 
these co-operative concerns take away the best 
element from the meetings of the union and lend 
them to dovoto themselves almost entirely to the i 
business of the co-operative concern. Not, alone ■ 
that, but the past experience of the many co I 
«Operative ventures which have failed shows very ! 
o', early that they have done so either through din- j 
trust, lack of subordination or discipline, want of \ 
business capacity and a deficiency of capital. i 
Much more might be saidqfrij space forbids, ^ Ij 



THE SOUTHERN STATES. 

LOUISIANA. 

New Orleans— Very dull; wages $1.75 to $3. A 
good deal of piecework going on. A “cheap .John” 
lately took 200 squares of framing for $65 for the 
30b. Unions 37 and 76 holding firm. 

VIRGINIA. 

Richmond.— Union 132 is organized, and tho 
Labor 11 «raid of this city says the union lias elect- 
ed a corps of excellent officers, and that soon I hero 
will be a large and flourishing union, backed by 
all other trades^ 

WEST VIRGINI A. 

Wheeling-— D ull; $1.25 to $2.50; half the trade 
idle. Union 3 prosperous; new members coming in 
constantly. \\e want all local unions to boycott 

scab” nails. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Charleston.— V ery dull, many out of work. 
Union 52 initiating new members; many old ones 
are coming back, reinstated. 

GEORGIA. 

Thom asville.— Both unions here are doing well 
and are solid. Trade dull; prospects poor. 

Savannah. Union 57 holds [her own, though 
business is vory quiet. 

Brunswick.— Union 42 is pushing along, and 
Bro, D. F. Sleeper has organized tho white car- 
penters in Union 134; trade medium. 

Augusta. Union 136 has been organized here. 

ALABAMA. 

Mo bile .--Union 89 now numbers over 100. 
Union 92 is also floiiHshing; trade quiet; wages $2 
to $3; quite a number idle; attendance at meetings 
fair, f ully one-half regular; the balance come “as 
the spirit moves them.” 

FLORIDA. 

Pensacola.— Union 74 is doing well, so is 127; 
J mde dull and tho city overrun with Carpenters 
prices of work are down below proper figures. 
We have had several joint mec?tings with tho con- 
tractors and mijl men. and they have been well 
attended. A joint plan of action is being ar- 
ranged and the general feeling is in favor of doing 
away with scab labor and low prices. 

KENTUCKY. 

Louisville.— Phoenix Hill Hall Dec. 28 was 
jammed at the annual ball of Union 7; work pretty 
well wound up; wages $1.50 to $2.50; half the men 

lo?A we want *° set starK l Jlr d rate of wages at 
$2.50. 

MISSOURI. 

St. Louis. Union 4 has been carrying on a 
system of free public entertainments, which haw 
greatly helped the good work. The last we had on 
Dec. 28 was a “daisy.” Trade slow; many idle. 

S pring field.— Dull : $1.50 to $2.25; half the men 
idle, 

Bed alia. — W ages $1.25 to $2.75; work closed up. 
union 98 holding its own and running smoothly. 
Expect a lot of new members in spring, 

,St. Josefh.— Union 91 is picking up and grow, 
ing. On thanksgiving eve, we had a free supper 
in fine style for tho members and their families, 
v\ o also sent out several baskets of provisions to 
the needy poor. Trade at a standstill; wages $1,75 
to $2,50. 

TEXAS. 

Houston.— Dull ; Union 16 growing slowly. 

Galveston.— Many strange earponters flooded 
in hereto be disappointed. Home men got the 
preference and union men wore kept busy. Trade 
slacking up now and some bosses tried to cut 
wages on account of so many strangers. Wages 
$2,50 to $3. Carpenters better keep clear of Gal- 
veston as there is a surplus of men hero now. 
Traveling brothers coming here better emne with 
traveling card and proper tests or they will not be 
admitted to Union 109. We have barred out sev- 
eral who camo with nothing but card of member- 
ship. Wo wish it known that the majority of 
carpenters in the Southern States are white men 
in the proportion of ten to one. 

TENNESSEE. 

Memphis.— Union 40 is in splendid shape and 
the boys are all pushing it. We are getting ready 
for tho first of May and then the contractors wiP 
know what they will have to pay us. The brick- 
layers here get $5 a day or they will not work. If 
a man is a non union man he must join the union 
or he can’t Jay a brick. And if he don’t join then 
he must leave town. The Carpenters of Memphis, 
propose to ha ve things tho same way before long, 
and then it will be better for our bosses, for they 
can’t cut each other so much. At present, trade is 
dull: wages $1.50 to $2.75, and too many Carpen- 
ters here. 

Union 114 is pushing along and solid for 8 hours. 
Bro. 0. W. Perry has been made a member of the 
Board of Directors of the Tennessee State Trades 
Assembly. He writes that tho three colored dele- 
gates to the State Labor Convention, were treated 
like brothers, and as one of them he feels proud 
that the whites and negroes of Tennessee are join- 
ing hands for their own protection as workmen. 



DOMINION OF CANADA. 



ONTARIO. 

St. Thomas.— Union 1128 is prospering nicely. 
Trade at a standstill. 

St. Catherines.— Work is very scarce, and 
many of our members are “toasting their shins by 
the fire.” 

Hamilton.— No change in trade; worse,’ if any- 
thing, 

Toronto.— The trade and labor organizations of 
this cit^ have defeated Mr. Manning for mayor, 
because be was favorable to the Toronto Mail, a 
paper that will not hire union men. and has an 
“ ; ron clad” for its employes to airn _ Trade slack; 
many out of work. Union 27 is gaining new mem- , 
bora. 

7 NOVA SCOTI A. 

Halifax.— T his being the dull season, many 
are out of employment, very few union. men, how- 
ever. Oqr members try to find jobs for one an- 
other, and thus keep employed. 



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6 



•PHE CABPENTEB 



Brotherhood cf Cwpcctcrs ud joiur 



OF AMERICA. 



Established August \2th } 1881. 



(Incorporated under the Hu s of the State of Ohio. 



OI K OIMKCTS. 



Tho object« of our Brotherhood are: To rescue 
the Ctiri »au ter trade fnun the lew level to which it 
ha« fallen, mid l»y mutual effort to raise ourselves 
to that |»o«ition in . society to which we are justly 
entitled; to cultivate a feeling of friendship 
niuoiur the craft, und to elevate the moral, intel- 
lect mil and social condition of all journeymen 
carpenters. 

It is furthermore our object to assist 
each other to secure employment, to furnish aid 
incases of death or permanent disability, and 
for mutual nd icf and other benevolent purposes. 

The general benefits are: heath Benefit; 

§2o0 Disability Ben* lit. and S‘»o in ease of a wife’s 
death. And fließe hetietits are secured and paid 
by a system of Mutual Insurance at cost. 

In trade disputes or strikes the entire )>ower and 
financial reserve of the Brotherhood, is concen- 
trated on the support of the union in trouble. 

Our local unions assist members in distress and 
to obtain work, pay benefits in ease of sickness 
find other mishap, and they also sue for wage* 
wherever any boss attempts to defraud a workman 
And in traveling, a tncinhor of one union is a 
member of all other unions wherever he goes, 
without further initiation or fees. 

We are not a secret organization, only so far a> 
each union may deem necessary for tin* protection 
Pf its members. We have no oaths— only a simple 
pledge of honor. 

Seven men, who are house carpenters, and join- 
ers. f good moral character and sound health, 
anil who can command the average wagen can or- 
ganize a local union. 

s The cost of n charter and outfit is $5. Applica- 
tion for a charter must state names, ages and resi- 
dences of the charter members. 

Fur further particulars Apply to 

P. J. McGuiuk, Goii’ 1 Secretary. 
Lock Box 180. Cleveland, Ohio. 



STANDING lit' LES. 



Ot’R Rf I.IC OF ACTION. 

Whrrkas. Tho opinion prevails generally that 
Trades Unions encourage shirking and teach men 
to do as little work as possible. 

Resolved. That wo hold it as a sacred principle, 
that Trades Union men above all others should set 
a good example us good and faithful workmen, 
honorable in the performance of their duties to 
their employers. 

SISTER UNIONS. 

Whereas. Our Brotherhood is organized for the 
advancement of the interests of the carpenters 
everywhere, and as the interests of all carpenters 
arc identical. 

Ri solvkp, That wo sympathize with all sister or- 
ganizations of our trade, and are ever readv ar- 
monizc and cooperate with them fo* our o> .com- 
mon good. 

RESOLUTIONS. 

Wk RFrooNiZE that the interests of all classes of 
jabor are identical regardless of occupation, nat- 
ionality, religion or color, for a wrong done to one 
is a wrong done to all. 

Wk mold a reduction of hours for a days work 
increase* the intelligence mid happiness of the 
laborer, and titai increases the demand for labor, 
n:id the price of a day's work. 

WgiiiUKCTto prison contract labor because it 
icits the criminal in com pet it on with honorable 
labor for t.e* lyir*»«»«*» of euttiin: down wages; and, 
also, because if Indus overstock the labor market. 



GENERAL OFFICERS. 

Gonerul-Prcsiiicnt— J. F. Billingsley,.* 422 13th St* 
S. W. Washington, D. C. 

General-Secretary— P. J. McGuire, Lock Box 180 
Cleveland, O. 

General -Treasurer— Iguatius Bodigheiiner, 411 
Scoville Ave., Cleveland, O. 

ViCK-PkKSIDKNTH. 

1st Vice-President— U. Stephen.«, 937 Campbell St., 
W. Oakland, Cal. 

2d Vice-President— ^ W. J. Shields. Choshiro St., 
Jamaica Plains, Boston, Mass. 

3d Vice-President— G us. Brethauor, lb Grant St., 
iueirinuti, O. 

Uh Vice-President— F. E. Karnes, lb Bogard St., 
Charleston. S. C. 

5th Vice-President—^ Thos. Jones, Orient House, 
State and Van Buren Sts., Chicago, 111. 

bth Vice-President— C. W. Green, lbl3 Burt St., 
Omaha. Neb. 

7th Vice President— James Stowart, 129 Sumach 
Street. Toronto. Canada. 

Kth Vice-President — Wm. F. Eberhardt, 2903 
Diamond St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Executive Board. 

J. C. Lftrwill. 1175 First Ave.; II. X. Fisher, 41 
William St.; II. J. Bailey, b Guthrie St.; E. 
Taylor, 52 Bank St.; W. B. Kettoringham , 3 
Crown St. (All resident in Cleveland, O.) 

LOCAL, SECRETARIES. 

(Tho following List of Corresponding and Finan- 
cial Secretaries « if Carpenter« Local Unions in pub- 
lished for the geueral information of our members 
and particularly for the benefit of our traveling 
brothers. The Financial Secretaries are denoted 
by a*. In the majority of Uuious tho two offices 
are combined.) 

Akron, 0.— Archie McAlonon, 122Smith Maple St. 

•W. II. Worron, 109 Rockwell Court. 
Alameda Cal.— John Larkin, Box lb.— John J. 
Boyle. 

Albany, N. Y.— Wendel llans, 216 Morton St. 
Alleghany City, Pa.— T hos. Oumminas, 13 Lom- 
bard St. \ 



Amsterdam, X. Y. — *C. W. Powell, Box 221. 
Hugh Van lleusen. . 

I Ansonia. Conn.— F. E. Hemingway, Box 528. 
Baltimouk, Md— *IL W . Hale. .V. Courtland St.- 

I. B. Aylsworth, 8 Robert St. 

Battle Creek Mich.— J. R. Hall, Box 9( 4. 
Bkllaikk, o.-C. S Slmttleworth. 

I BKXIfMA. Ca!..— j. It. 1 .. ^ 

Hkvfki y. M ass.— W. J. Collin*. Box 920. 
ll^riiAMPTog, X Y.-K. D. Darling. 1° Mather St. 
B»>sti»n, M ahs.— *L eu MeAuley, (0 Boylstou Avc., 

Bum »• > k t.'co n n . — A 1 e x MeFadyen, Thompson 

St., cor. Parallel St. 

1 Hruckp'v. Mvs>. "Kdw. Slmttuek,638 Mam M.— 
Fremont Young, PC Green St. 

Brooklyn. N. Y.-A. 1 uriibull. iw» Lawrence St. 
Brunswick. G Colored' I nion4 --L. 1 . 1 iuk- 
ncy. No. Sb, corner Kmat and II. Nn. 
Brunswick, (• a.— Union I Vi.--'' iji. K- h>ares. 

Bri i aio. X. Y.— L. Diadiert. 492 Hickory St. 

, Ckimk IUimi.s. Kit*. ST? Sixteenth 

I Aw. uu.l l ir-t W i--,.— *l*«ul Ha i, icy. 

Oil anutk. K an. — »I« K. Whiteside, Box 96. 

. CHAHI.KST..N. S.O.— M. F. Uriiyti.n.ai Mrawkcrry 
hum*. Hutle'l«' Avi*. . . ... 

I’hkstkk. IN- Unlit. .1 U'llmi.iin. ’lüiiih Allow »y 
t’llKYKWK Wv'iu. Tki.. -S. U . Im-iiIm-i-k. HolJ-J,.. 
C hAmk iu..-U. II. Klliott. -I- IOlM,*».l St. 

Br anch 2~ Thos. I*. Doran. Ad’.'W entworth. 
Cincinnati, G.—’ C. \. K" kwood. »91 State Ave. 

Aug. J. Brethauor. lb Grant St. 

Cleveland. 0. — Pat'k Freeman, Newell » t.» cor. 

Brandi. S. S. 

CnllUKS. N. V.-'l. II. l'ltlKli-y. 

Columbus. G.— # W m. Hes>e. 1, ( ollege M.— R. B. 

Henderson, 55 Parsons Ave. 

Counuil IH.i i i s, I i.— S. >. Shepard. 121 Platncr. 
Covinoton. Ky.-M. Wagner. 195 East 13th St. 
Danbury. Conn.— i, S. L. Hieldon, Box ,(M).~\\m. 

II. Wright. _ . , n 

Dayton, o.— D. J. Madden, cor. Johnson and Per- 

rine Sts. j* t 

Dkcati it. III.— ♦A. ».»wen *>1 X. 1 nmn St.— J. 

F Reynolds. N. M*»rgan>t. 

Denver, Col.— K. E. Rice. 2:1 Colfax Ave 
DksMoisks. Ia.— M. A. Lainborn. |927 High St 
Detroit, Alim. — Geo. D. rairbutrti, 24 W osn- 
iugton Ave. ... . ..... 

E \r Claire. W is. — R. X. Mi»«»«ly. »20 1*4 Avo. 
Englewood, 111 .— Wiii. Trotter. Box 1«*L 
Evansville, I nil — *. l. ,1. Sehoettlm. 92, Franklin 
Fall River, M \>s.— P. Doyle, 42 Mason >t. 
Galveston. Tex. Geo. .1 . Garthar. « ) l a > t . uear22. 

— p. J. Cal Ian. Market and 29th St. 

Germ \n rows, P\. — Jas. W . Hurley, 27, Centre St. 

C.S. Taylor. 228 Centre St. 

Grand Rumps. Mim.— G. E. Hotelier, 3*> Pack- 
ard St. 

Guelph, Can.— D avid Adam. Wellington St. 
Halifax Nova Suo iia. —A lex. Northup. t> Birm- 
ingham St. . . , .. 

Hamilton, Can. — E. Hancock, 941 Bay.St., N. 
Hammond, 1nd.—F. llohman 

H artford, Conn.— W. W. Dwyer. .*(» Russell St. 

11 astinos, .Mirii.-’ *Miles Main. . 

II \ vkrmii.i.. M \ss.— G eo. A, Robinson. 4-» Mam 

St., Bradford, Mass. 

Holyoke, —John Dalrymple. V\ Taylor M. 
Hoi Sion, Tlx. — * Fritz Klotz. San .laejutoSt. 

Ilr m hold r. I i.i.. — Aug. Kniiise, Box 28*. 

Indian apolis, Inh.— D. E. M »-!•*. 41 » W « «t .nd St. 
Jackson, Mim.-N. M. Sweet. VMi 1-rauklmSt. 

— J. 1. Vail, fdb FratieU St. _ 

Kansas City, Mo. — J. t'. Kgly, RUM Julia St. 
Kknsinoton, III. — C. Gil»s«»n Box l i'f. 

La wren* k, M — Xelnui Dupresne.hJo hisexSt. 

Lkavkvwortii. K an.— ' j. ADirray. spj tlttuwa St. 
Los A.NiiKLKs.tVvL. — A. Vinette. Box 182. 
Louisville, Ky. — J. N. Egg«*i>, «P> E. Market St. 
Lynn, Miss. — Geo. C. Paige, lb Lovett 1 luce.— 

J. W. Haskell, 32 Park st. 

Mini iiKsmi. v. H. - A. K.Wyatt.Jol Merrimack 
St. — C. W. Powell, 58 A-h St. 

Martins' Fkuky, Ohio.— # Frank Stowart, 
Massillon, Ohio. — Muh. G. Ral>tou, Box 3.1», 
Geo. F. Peter. Box 722. „ lf 

Memphis, Ten x. — G. W. Baker, No. , Hotel St. 

*E. S Medeari', 179 Lindoti St. 

M KM i'll is. Ten n. — Cm!.»— C. W. Perrv, 3 Ala Ave. 
Meriden, Conn.— C. A. Ray. Pi South 2d St. 
Minm.KTowN, O.— P. S. Williamson. 

Mil W U KKK, WlS.- G. G. SlielÜMhfl. ,11 Booth St. 
Minneapolis, M inn.— A. C arl -on. 313 UthSt.So’th 
il. U. Sch nieder. Box *271. 

Mobile. Ala. — Union H9 i W lute ), — # Thm*. 
M. Medlin, New St. Francis St. 7th, Last 

Mobile. Ala.— U nion 92. (Colored i — J. T. Hcath- 
tnan. I 1 ). Broad St., near f'ongress St. 

Morris. Minn. P. A. McCarthy^ .Box :Ub # 
Muskkoon. Mini.-M'l. M. I\in*x«ley, Box 46*. 
Nashville. Tknn.— A. I). Sliegog, 711a 1 atherland 
Street. . _ t 

Newark X. J.— Geo. Winnett, 3i Camden St.— 
* A. U. ol 1«, lkd Oreh »rd St. 

Xkw Alii iny, Lni>— J. A. W. Ko*»nz. 

New Bkita in. Conn. — *M e*hael O’Neill, Box 3«3. 

'rims. II. Kehoe, Box 373. ^ • 

New H aven, Conn.— W. T. Savage. 117 Park St. 
New York. X. Y.-<\ E Owen«. 192 3rd Ave. 

New Ori.e ins, L \ . Ciiioii lb, »Colored 1 A.C. Bu il- 
ia rd. Loeiiht near Josephine. 

Nk’-v Ori.k ins, L i. — U nion 7b < White 1 — Hobt. Put 
tersoii, <*nre of 2! E.\«‘h:inge Alley. 

New Orleans, Li. — U nion 37. 0 pper District)- J. 

,1. Sullivan. Fullon M., near Harmony. 
XewTauomi, Wash. Ter. D. Garrison. 
Oakland. Cal. -*J. F. Gallin. ll u t !»tli St. - C. 
W. Caldwell, cor. 2Mth St. uiw 22d Ave., E. 
Oakland. .... .... 

Omaha, Xkh. — W. J. Reeves, South 13th and \ m- 
ton St. 

Onkonta, OrsKuo Co., N. Y. — C. L. Ward, Box 
4*24.— ^Frank Deuel, Box 45b. 

Owosso, Midi. — Webb II. Barnes, Box 179. 
Parsons, Kan. — N. Gilmore, Box 711. 

Paterson, X. J. - Lahor Standard Office. 
Pknkauola. Fla. Cnion 71, ( White)— J. D. Ran- 
dall. Box 1142. — ’ •Theo. F. Crona, Box 72.3. 

Penh a uoL a. Fla.— U nion 1*27, (Colored). — # Uonry 
Jordan. — Frank llnllard. 

Philadelphia, Pa. — J ames Dey, 665 North 10th St. 

‘ (’on Thorn, 703 Lebanon St. 

Philipsbuuci, Centre Co., Pa.— J. D. Ritter. 

Pi rrsHi ROH, Pa.— U. Crawf«»rd, 265 Webster St. 
Portland, Oregon. — Uordou Smart. 213 Munt- 
inery St. ... M 

Providknuk, It. I.‘-T. W. Walsh, 8 Codding St. 
Kalkimh, N. C.— William Manely. 

Richmond, 1 nil — C.K.C oiirtney,95 Ft. Way no Ave. 
Kp umond, Va., J. 11. Taylor, 1402 W. Broad St. 
Rochester. X. Y. — *Jas. Sovule Ub Clifford St. — 

K. M. Blakeslee. Box 288. 

Home, X. Y.— Ilei.ry Oldfield. 

ItUHHVlLLE, Ini».— J.C. G regg, Box 553. 

Sandusky, 0. -11. L. Schumacher, 1115 Madison s 
San Bkunardino, Cal.— L. E. Pako (Colton). 



San Francisco, Cal.— *N. L. \\ andell, 2 Hayc St. 

— T. C. Rowe, 2 Elizabeth St. 

San Kapaki., Cal.— Stanley P. Moorhead, Boxbii. 

Cathekinks. Can. — Mu men Carty. . , 

St! Joseph. Mo.— II. C. Carson. 11« South 16th St. 
St. Louis, Mo.— Union 4. John Cook. 2249 Warren 
St. Louis, Mo.— Union 5, (German,) W. Gersten 
berg. 317 Russell Ave. 

Sr. Paul, Minn.— *D. M. McDonald. 463 Robert 
St. Aug. J. Metzger, 117 Ron«lo St. 

Sr. Thomas, Cam.— K. Cann*»u, 41 Kains St. 

Santa Rosa, Cal.— J. Alex Thompson. 

Savannah. Ga.— *W. B. Jenkins. Gaston Street, 
betw. Robert and We>t Broad. 

Seattle. Wash. 'Feu,— J ames Sallee. 

Skdalia. Mo.— L. F. M«*CIure. M East M St. 
Somerville, M ass, — Joseph M. Tuttun, P* \ mal 
Ave.- T. G*l>om»ghue. S Tenth St« E. Cam 
bridge. „ ... 

South Bay City. Mini.— H im», r. King. . 
SpuiNOEiKi.D, M \ss.— W. K. MaeMilleii. ( hiei»pec, 
Slass.— ' *\\ . J. Littleliehl, lh*x 146. 
Sprincskiei.il Mo.— ♦Augustus Thompson.— J. K. 

Ross. Box 373, X. Springfield. .... 
Springfield. Ohio. J. D. Reeder, 321 \\ . Liberty 
St.— ^ •W iii. E. Jones, r »l Race St. 

Syracuse, N. Y.— ( has. P. Harris, B*»x ; 1'». 
Tiiomasvillk. G a.— Union 1«6,— ■ 0. C. Atkinson. 
J. M. Turner. 

Thom isvii.LE, Ga.— UnUm 116, (Colored.)— K. \\ . 
Paine. 

Toledo, o.— Chus. W . Murphy. r »2s Erie St. 
Toronto, Can.— A. Graham. 9"> Peter St. W. II. 
Steven.*», 55 Grange \ve. 

Trenton, N. J. — *(«e«». R. Dafier, 25H Jackson St. 
Troy. N. Y.— ' •A. Anderson, Box 1 \ •».— E. J. Lake, 
LiM'k Box !*9 

Utica. X. Y.— E. B. Palmer, 47 Columbia St. 
Vicksburg, Mis> — K. N. HeynoMs, care of C. C. 
Reynolds ,V (’♦». 

Victoria. Biiit. Col.— G. D. Roper. B»»x 323. 
Washington. D.C.— W. II. Allvater, 1hh6 Virginia 
Ave .— *P. Ii. O’Brien. Metro|»*ditan Hotel. 
Watkrhury. Conn,- *Chas. Fri«*del,l9l Bank St.— 
J. W. Pilling, HI Cherry Sr. 

W HERLING, W. V L-W. N\ . NY ihmI, 54 Virginia St. 

’ Edw'd L. Veith. 171 16th St. 

Wichita, K in.— L. G. lie!fr«»n. Geo. N, Mark. 

Box 1H4. 

Worcester. M ass. — *F. A.Siubhs.69 Eastern Ave. 




OLD TIME WORK. 

The oM Dutch house, 25 sind 27 Xhh- 
s;m street, Xov York, now l it*i n^r «lfm« •- 
Iishc‘1 to make room for a larger 1 Mil« 1 - 
in^r, was one of the »»Liest structmvn in 
tin* city. Three stnries were a»l»le»l in 
17S5, and since then it lias passed 
through all the changes of a century 
practically unaltered. For some year- 
it has bee’ll considered unsafe <»n account 
of the shallow foundations, and the 
owner, Cornelius F. Finnland, reluc- 
tantly Rave orders to have it torn down 
A< a spi'cimen of the thorouLditiess and 
solidity of house hiiildimr a humlred 
\T*ars ap» th«* half dismantled walls an* 
extremely interesting. Tin* front stands 
like a fact* of rock, the thin luicks ami 
cement lik** plaster have Imm-oiih* like a 
sinule mass, which the workmen have 
to break with strong cold chisel* and 
even sledge hammers. The bricks used 
were all imported from Holland and are 
about six and a half im*h»*s lontf and one 
and a quarter im hes thick. Tin* mortar 
was maile <»f pure shell lime with almost 
no clay or sand in it, and forms a third 
of the solid mass. “I have torn down a 
great many old houses in New York and 
Albany, n said Ivlward Sorensen, the 
contractor, 4 *!>ut I never saw out* so well 
built as this. Why, it is like rock or 
flint. It will take my men ten times 
longer to tear down the walls than it 
would to build new ones. There was no 
‘Ihiddensiek 1 about these old Dutch 
builders. You can’t find anything like 
that front wall now.” 



WAGES AND GOOD TIMES. 

Last month’s tVntury^ in discussing 
41 Some causes of the present depression,” 
says, anions other things, this: It is 

also a question for economists whether 
such combinations of capital as now ex- 
ist, usint; their accumulated power are 
not actually forcing the rate of wurch 
i* vn to a point at which all trade is in- 
4 .iouslv aflccted ; whether, indeed, tin* 
present depression of business is not 
partly due to this cause, (’heap labor 
may lie a doubtful boon, after all, to the 
manufacturer. Doubtless lie thinks it 
vitally important for him to buy his own 
labor in tin* cheapest market, hut lie 
can also sec that it would la* for his 
great advantage if all the rest of the 
workmen could sell their labor in tin* 
dearest market. If they could, they 
would have plenty of money to spend, 
and there would he a demand for his 
wares. Wageworkers are consumers of 
goods, ami they eonstitutcaconsiderable 
share of the population. Is it not fou 
the interest of the producers of Roods 
that there should be as large a class of 
consumers as possible, with plenty of 
money in their pockets ? 



SKIPPER CONTRACTORg. 

All st ot ions of tho country seem u 
more or loss eurscl with that eW. . bo 
principle«! .roa.urcs known r&f 
|iors, i.r., follows who fntcr ii,., 1 P' 
tract obligations at any price |,iJ.° i 0 "’ 
goo«l or bad, as tin* case may In* s ,’ 



they can secure to theiuselvca tL lhat 
pull unity t*. handle and po.kct 
paying it out only as far and fast as m 
i.e necessary to mature other navmalf/ 
greater amount than the aeJn •'w.m . 



in greater amount than tin* agarcram .a 
the sums paid out. until the chanty«! 
make other '‘hauls” are exhausted* t|„.^ 



comes t he jinnh , tlx 
unknown skipped, leaving evervii 



to j, artfi 



to do (In* best tiling possible undeMl/ 
circumstances. If a few of such rascalz 
could he caught and strung up | JV th 
neck as an example, the morals of th« 
eoiitrm*tin^ business w»uild certainly b« 
improved, and the world not li«* the 
least set hack by the sink l«*n disappear, 
ance of a score or two of such men. 

There is a ease related where one of 
the kind in New York contracted th»* 
erection of a lot of buildings, hiring and 
working a large force of journeymen 
who, at the end of two weeks, were erts 
ditors f»»r wa^es in the sum of nearly 
.’?-,( mh), hut the shouM-he pay or, the eon. 
tractor, was nowhere to he found— had 
“skipped” and, when tin* owners were 
interviewed hv t he workmen, they were 
informell that all moneys dm* had been 
rollerte«! by the absent one. The matter 
briny: referred to tin* (Carpenter’s Union, 
and a transfer • * f the indebtedness made 
D» a delegate, u lien suit will la* com. 
nieiieed t«» test the validity and sound- 
ness of tin* proteetive law, and trade in- 
terests generally will watch tin* result 
anxiously. *'al. .l/vAD#W. 



VENEERING. 

A correspondent, writing t«»tbe Lon- 
don Cabinet Marker on this Subject, 
speaks as follows regard in u tin* venoer- 
iim of larjjr«* panels, iVe.: A irn at many 

engaged at tin* bench are aware of the 
irritating «lillieulties of preventing: tin* 
vem*i*re«l side iroiii^ hollow as tin* glue 
sets; in fact many tedious methods have 
been devised to avert, sui h a> joining 
«•mis in several places, vrinM'iing on 
Doth sid«s, tin* oiu* t « » counteract the 
«»tin t*, ami fixing roiiml, before and 
alter veneering. The method I have 
strictly <il»ser\«*«l for <»\«*r twenty years 
has two jjivat a«l \ a rd a^es of bring 
simple ami inexpensive niranlim: 
material and time In tin* preparation 
of the surface for veneering many 
workmen damp or swell tin* heart side 
of tin* hoard, and the side on which the 
v«*»eer is to be placed. This 1 consider 
radically w mug; the very re vers«* is the 
correct modi*. Let any one try the ex- 
periment on, say a wardrobe end made 
of pin«*, 6 f«*ct by 1 f«iot D inches. After 
preparing tin* heart side* tor veneering» 
swell the otln*r side hv placing a layer 
«»f «lamp saw «lust on it over ni^rht ; it 
will in the morning h«* about three- 
<juart«*rs <»f an inch hollow on the face 
sich* ; then si/.«* the* face side, keeping 
the back damp until the* si/«* is sutlieient- 
lv dry for the cold, an«! it will he °h* 
scrvecl, on coining from tliecoM, tobe 
round on the* fa«*«* « » t tin* v«*n« « red side, 
and may he k«*pt nearly so hv placing 
the* veneerc*«! si«b* atrainst a flat t board» 
or tin* two veiic*er«*«l si«l« s face to la« (‘, to 
• Iry ^raduully. Df cours«*, after trying 
this experiment it will he neec»ssary to 
know how loiur tin* article w ill rcqin re 
swelling. One nitfht will do. 



Wiikrbtiik Cnitoil Stati*8<i"Vornment 
fail« <.r mgli-cts to enforce* the 
prevent the importation of "«T 1 *" “JJ 

under contract, the Central h**h" r 1 
of New York I.uh shown .tse f i^ 
powerful in that respect. It hin * ^ 
cot ted the Thalia and Star riieatresfor 
hiring non-union musicians, K» > 

imported, and after a few week. . , 

Mr. Amherg, the manager, )’>«!“ *L the 
paid into the union treasury 
costs of the hoveott. He now hm« n 
but union musicians. , hv 

Vakious Meakckkij V ( ‘ n ‘ a, K!an«-isco 
the convention held m • / t Ue 

last month, for the i.nj ; d. • t he 
further introduction of 1 1 ' 1 n . se at 

llniteil States. Delegates wen ^ ^ 

from nearly every trade uml 
ganizution ou the Coast. 



I 



kV address to the federation 

W OF TRADES* CONGRESS. 



ri.c following rirrulnr wa» Kent to tin* 
‘l‘ lion of Trailer, and w as «-ndorsod 
*, „„„rovcil l.v I * nion of I .os An«* 

‘? m C?! an« I also by tin- Trad*-s an 
ljborV'"""‘il of bos A ngidt-s: 



and 



bit" 

Feli.ow 



Woukmkn: — On**« more you 



th'. ivbv tlif* toilor’s lot shall be ina«l* 

"* u . • i . iiiu« .... 



Fieri to «linens.« ways ami im*ans 



DTlU » * 1 * 

on . häppv and labor se«*un* its just n- 
^anl. Tin* vast iniportani'o <»f this pro- 
hlcin'and the far reiuliin*’ Hi«*«*t of your 



ni .|nsinns will no doubt itiriur«* you to i 
^itrli l an-fully »very plan and mil'l'« s- I 
t j on whirl! shall h‘* siihmittod for vmir ! 
oolisid« ration. With an i-arurst «l«sm* 
toadvam* tlieeuusi*, 1 nspiTtfully nib- j 
,,iii thr following to your most honor- 
able hoily : 

Agitation, IMuriftion and Organization 
lmvr at last horm* fruit. Tin* tiospol of 
Discontent lias been proarlmd far and 
wi«lr, and its mnvorts an* a lotion. Tin* 
i*oiiirn , ss of tin* politicians lmlds out no 
liopT* of relief to the \va^e-\vorker>, hut 
to their own representatives, the \V«»rk- 
in ,r iuen $ s (’undress, they turn their lon^- 
jnjr, weary eves for help. Men of pro- 
found learning and broad views have 
thrown a new li^rlit mi the labor pro- 
blem. The truths wliirh they have me 
part lie«! ran no longer beroneealed 



Tin* 



III III*' 

capitalists liave all uloiiK telt sent re in 
their **t ron^-liolds, while tin* working- 



THE CARPENTER. 



men were content to pursue alter some 
i,juus httmix, but the new litfht has ex- 
pose«! tin* rotten struc ture in which they 
have f«»r a ires been intrenched, and the* 
“handwriting on the wall’* has made 
them ipiake with fear. Whether justly 
or not, we are accused of want cd «/rasp 
and timidity of thought. We are re- 
prove«! f«»r («ending all our c*ner^ic*s to 
toci^rht hour laws, mechanics liens, etc., 
ami yet the t r«*»* of evil j/r< »ws i ncessant ly, 
an«l its di*adly upas shadow* scatters 
want and misery, desolation and death 
on every si«le. It wa re* vain tor us to 
follow in the footsteps of the bullish 
Tra«le Unions. We laek homoirenitv, 
the progress cd inventions has altered 
the* conditions, ami tin* <y ide ates <d ca- 
pital liave their rat ideations in all 
branches of production and distribution 
to such an extent that it will paraUzc 
tin* majority of attempts at profit-shar- 
ing co-operation. 

The incorporation cd Trade Unions by 
tin* State, giving them a practical mom»- 
jioly ami eontrol over their various 
liandicrafts similar to that granted to 
tin* medical profession is a matter for 
deep consideration. When the* capita- 
lists shall be driven to tin* wall, they 
will undoubtedly propose such a rem- 
edy to the Track* Unions. But such a 
piece cd class-lejjislatinii, alt Imutrli ac- 
quiesc'd in with regard to the Ls« ui 
apians, would be frowned down upon by 
the masses ami could never be e nforced 
unless the State took charge of all indus- 
tries. 

The eight hour movement recom- 
mended by the Congress last year, 
should he carried out in all localities 
where there is a reasonable chanc e of 
huccchs. We have* had one year cd hard 
lighting to secure the nine hour system 
ami do not see our way clear to make 
the attempt on the* first of May. But 
grunted the success of the movement in 
many places, its effect on the supply of 
labor will hardly be felt throughout the* 
land. Acid to this tin* possible removal 
cd 100,000 Chinese laborer from this 
coast ami the labor mark« t w ill he over- 
stocked again in three months. 

The time has arrived, fellow work- 
men, when we should stop lopping <»tl 
branches ami try the ax at the root. W e 
must demand an entire change in the* 
industrial system. We should utterly 
repudiate any theory, doctrine, law or 
custom whic h allows a privileged class 
of idlers to levy toll on those who, with 
hand and brain, labor to produce some- 
thing of value to society. And to that 
complexion it must come at last, bet 
uh meet the issue square» in the* fac e. 
No doubt the capitalist« will raise a 



us friends in quarters whence we least 
expect them. Darkness must give way 
to light, and the entire* redemption and 
elevation cd the* working classes will be 
the result. The agitation of bottom 
pri uei|des will likewise* accelerate 
organization among the most apathetic, 
ami employers will think twice before 
making a reduction. 

The* law governing wages, thr starva- 
tion limit, should be exposed in all its 
hideous aspects. The right of capital to 
an increase, being based on a erroneous 
assumption cd “abstinence from use” 
should also he condemned. The approp- 
riation cd Nature’s gifts for spec ulative* 
purposes is aunt her gigantic implement of 
oppression to the toiler, and why should 
we hesitate to denounce it? Wage- 
workers are beginning to master the in- 
tricate system <d robbery that has 
passed unchallenged until recently. The 
Labor press has done a noble work in 
this matte r and I earnestly, hope that 
tlu* assembling of the present Uongr«*«« 
will mark an important era in the* labor 
movement. 

All reforms must come from below, 
and the future welfare cd this Republic 
depends on the* action of organized la- 
bor. Remember the days of ’7b. Ifthe 
oppression of that period called forth a 
vigorous protest, now much more is 
there nrr«l today cd a formal declara- 
tion <d the rights w hichare now trampled 
into the dust. Therefor«* I beseech you 
in tin* name f sulfering humanity to 
tak<* pattern after the Uarpenter of t iali- 
lee ami “hew to the line*. 

Fraternally yours, 

AUTllVu VlNETTK. 



jler Carpenter. 



Allerlei. 



G l e b e l a n b, Januar 18f*>. 



3ur ArfHfluuöotftMueflHtiß. 



A FEW PUFFS. 



Tin: (' Aitl'KNTKK, ptiMislu-d l»v P. J. 
MH.nir**, (’loveland, «>., is one* of tlu* 
I test *-dit*-d labor union papt-rs that 
(■nines to our table and deserves sueeess. 

Thr Xnrt, Toledo, (). 



Tin: (’i.KVia.Axn, O., Caki-kstki* is an 
*-iglit-pag«- monthly, got up in «nod style 
and printed in English and Herman, 
published l>v tlie “Brotherhood of Car- 
penters and.loinersof America. Its prin- 
ciples are those of advanced and pro- 
«ressi'c Ti-ad*-s-Unionism, and it fully 
rcentrnizes that Labor to secure its just 
ri«lits must «o beyond mere unionism. 

Thr < ’tiiitmoniittilih, London, England. 






THE DEVELOPMENT OF TRADES UNIONS. 

In an excellent address lately, before 
t lie piano makers 



«U IJUUUI I IK* Cll|lllUlI?U« »111 

dreadful row at such a sudder change of 
tactics. They will cry out “Woodman 
apart* the tree !** So be it. We shall 



i m v . * *■ 

discuss tlie matter with tlie Mvssrs. six 
percent. Let them prove tlie justice of 
their cause, if they can. Public opinion 
•hall be the arbiter in this controversy. 
The ventilation of tlie subject will win 



of Boston, (ieorge E. I 

McNeill said: 

“ Trades unions have existed, in some 
form or other, ever since civilization 
jjrst dawned upon mankind: Many liave 
departed from the original purposes of 
their organization, and liave become 
social hollies; for example, the Free 
Masons. With them the eight-hour 
movement originated, and is symbolized 
l,v the two-foot rule divided into three 
sections of eight inches each. 1 hen 
came the old-time guilds, which first 
took control of the different crafts in 
* lermaii cities, and afterward spread to ; 
England. Beneficial societies then 
sprung up for aid in ease of sickness. As i 
maeliinerv was introduced and factories 
w ere established labor was sub divided, 
and the trades unions of to-day were 
organized. These, however, were merely 
local and possessed of local powers. In 
this country, because of its newness and 
the cheapness of land, labor organized j 
late. From the local sprung tlie national 
and international bodies. The Hush 
war lessened the necessity for 
Labor concentrated its 
wets ami held up the falling wale of 
Capital combining and aggre 



times of 
« »rganizat inn 

wagfs 



gating together in one man s hands is a 
danger to the laborer. There is only 
mu- wav for the workingmen to get 
power, and that is— eombination. I nc 
force of organized numbers is the begin- 
ning of wisdom.” 



Tic jeftt immer lebhafter agitirtc Jrage her 
Ginfiibruug bed aditftiiubigcu 9iormalarbcitd: 
tage* »cm l. Wai l8Hi; ab barf pear im Allgc- 
meinen aid ben 'Arbeitern vcrftauMUh BorauZ 
gefeftt merben ; bod' glauben mir im Antcreffe 
unierer Sache tu banbelit, tvenn mir ihnen fol« 
genbe Jurte, febarf unb im Weifte Ben Gart 
jjfavi; gehaltene miffcnicbaftlidjc Tarlcguttg bed 
Aormalarbcitdtagcd micbcrgcbcn, mte fie ber 
^üridier « c e i a 1 b e m o f r a t in einer feiner 
lefcten 'Jtummem bringt : 

„Ter Arbeiter fann fidi Bon feiner „SBaare" 
Arbeit nicl't trennen. Cr ift bie perfontficirte 
Arbeit ; unb menu er feine eiittifK „^l-aarc", 
bic Arbeit Berfauft, Berfauft er fid' felbft. Gr 
Berfauft itd» taaemeife, um laaelobu. Hub für 
beit laaeloim Berfauft er einen laft Arbeit. 

Jer iJafl bat i t tstunben. Xer JJfeitfcb, um 
tu leben, müft eiten, muf; fdilafen. Tie flauten 
21 ctunben fann er nicl't arbeiten. Tad ift 
eine pbi'fifcbc llnmbalirt'feit. iv?ir fbnnten aud) 
Uflen eine „moraltitbe", botb load bat bie Aa 
tionatofonomic mit ber literal tu tl'uu? 

Alfo bie ganten 24 «tuuben, melct^e ber Tafl 
enthalt, fann b»v Arbeiter nid't arbeiten. Aber 
mie lanfle r 'lv ! o bie ('Irrntlinie tieben'f 
Unb ba entftebt beim ber t'lrentfriefl — fo er= 
bittert, fo hartiiäcfifl flefiiljrt, mie bad bie Aa= 
tur aller Wvemfriefle ift. 

Ter .Qapitalift befiehl auf feinem 2d>ein. 

Gr bat einen Arbeitdtafl, einen lafl Arbeit fle 
lauft, ber lag ift fein, unb er m.U fo Biel Ar= 
beit beraudptefien, al? nur irflenb möfllicb. 
Tad ift fein Aecbt — fraft bed Bobninftemd. Cr 
bat bic Arbeit flefauft, unb mit ber Arbeit ben 
Arbeiter ; bid auf bad lebte Atom Arbeit, bad 
fid' ben «ebnen unb Afudfctn bed getauften 
Arbeiterd etit loden laftt, ift Ailed fein. Um 
jebed Atom, bad i^m Borentbaltcn mirb, ift er 
betroflen. 

Unb ba bad natiirliebe Waft für Arbeit bie 
,*feit ift, in meUbcr fie oerriebtet mirb, fo fle^t 
fein «treten auf moflticbfte Ätrlänflerung bed 
Arbeitdtafled. ^U'otf, oiertcb», fecbdte^it, aebt 
tebn «tunben bed laflCd — marum uicbt ? 

Ter Arbeiter bat ben Tact Arbeit Berfauft 
unb bleiben ihm, menu er oiertel’ii ctunben 
arbeitet, nid't tebn, menu ieditebn, nid't ari't 
menu adittcbn nid't nori' fed'd «tunben für 
jidi 'C'Ü nid't fliofanütbifl ootit flapitaliftcn 
bafe er nicht aud? bie jebu, bie aebt, bie fcdjd 
«tunben nimmt '* 
oa, wenn cd nur flinflc ! 

«inb aueb bicWrenten nicht flenau feftiuftel 
leu, mo bie menfd'lid'e Arbcitdiäbiflfcit auf 
bort, fo ift eine jo lebe ('freute bod) oorbaubeit 
Unb bad llebcricbveiten berfelben madit fich be 
merfbar butdi 'Dcrfümmenmfl, 'Ecrfvüppcluufl 
«iedübum, Mranfbeit, lob ber „Uebcrarbei 

toten.** 

Gd Bcrftebt iieb, baf; ber Arbeiter, fobalb er 
einiflermafteii tiiiu 'Ueioufttieiit feiner Baflc 
fommt, fidt gegen biefe Abrarferung tu febüffen 
fudit. 

itiabrenb ber tfapitalift ben Arbeitdtag möfl 
lidjft tu oerlänfleru fud't, fuebt ber Arbeiter il;n 
möfllid'it tu oerfürten. Ae mehr freie „^eit er 
bat, befto nu ln Seit ber Tvrcthctt bat er. «o 
lainte er arbeitet, ift er «flaue bed ftapitaliften, 
beut er fid' Berfauft bat; io lange er uicbt ar= 
beitet, gehört er fub felbft an, ift er ein freier 
Wann. 

Unb fo mirb beim, feit cd Beinarbeit, Arbcb 
ter unb Mapilaliiten gibt, ber Jtampf gefiibrt 
um bic Väitae bed Arbeitdtaged. 

.Vier jerrt ber RaBitalift, bort ber Arbeiter, 
—jener r’erjud'cnb, ein «tiid autubeften, biefer 
eined abtureiften. ,\ebe 'Pevtangenmg bed Ar 
beitdtage« ift ein £icg ber Rapitaliften. Aebe 
‘Derfiutung bed Arbeitdtaged ift ein «ieg ber 
Arbeiter. Gferabe hier, am Arbeitetage, ge 
miif*tmafien im Wutterleibe ber caBitalittifdieu 
iiobuftion, teigt iub am liaubgreiflidiften unb • 
braftifdjften ber unBcrboljleiie Gfegenjab jwi ; 
fd'eu Gapitat unb Arbeit. 

An Gnglanb unb in aubern Banbern ift nad) 
Rampfen.' Bon betten hier uicbt tu reben, ein 
! Aormalarbeitdtag (in Gnglanb ber tebn , in 
ber «dtmeit unb Cefterreid) ber eifftiiitbtge) ge« 
fefclicb feftgefteltt movbeu; unb in Gnglanb, 
melcbcd auf mirtbidurftlidiem Wcbietc Boran> 
marfiirt unb Aetfudjdlaub für bie Welt ift, 



\ Vast A moi st of activity is hein 
displayed hv tl»«* Central Trades am 
Lahor’ Union of Boston. Organization 
after organization is being formed and 
♦ heir delegates admitted, lhe work- 
; M ,,men of the “Huh” are thoroughly 
aroused. At one time, a 
year ago, Carpenter-* Lmon No. 33, with 
K few other societies, were all that 
kept the Central Union from dissolving. 



alpilicb mie Aianficid) auf Bolitiidjem, bat bie Aunba 
g -itffcbranfung ber Arbeitzeit unb überhaupt bic i 0 
d Aabrifgefeftgebung fid' fo Borttefftid» bemalt, V ’ 10 0 



Turcb niebrige Bo^ttc ti'irb ber Ar* 
beiterftanb Berbrauchdunfäbig. Wenn ber Ar* 
beiter niebtd perbient, fann er uicbtd faufen. 

Ö u n b e r t e pon fiirdicp nad) fJJenntylBa* 
men etngemanberteu europai'eben Arbeitern 
Bcrlafien bad Banb unb fetyren in iljre alte 
Veimath turiicf. 

Wenn bie Gonfumtion, alfo ber 
T'crbvaurf) Bon Waaren, fid> immer mehr ein= 
fdjninft, fann aud' niditd fabritirt merben. 

if Aolge baoon : ,,0ri'led'te feiten", altmä= 
liged ^erabfinfen in’d Gbincfent^um. 

Tic ;W a f dii n e fann unter ber Vcbie= 
nung fined Arbciterd — ober R inbed eine grofee 
Waffe Bon fertiger Waarc erteugen — fie fan» 
probujiren, aber nicht confumiren. Tad ift 
bed itubcld Rem. 

f7Aer fiirtung b e r A r b e i t d t ei t be> 
beutet — regelmaftigen (Mefdniftc-gang, pokere 
Böhne, für Alle 'Uefcbäftigung, böberc Uilbung 
unb einen ii\teUigenten Arbeiterftanb — mit 
einem Worte ; Ginc Wohltlfat fiir’d gante Aolf- 

bie u n b e r f ä m t e BohtiBer* 
fürtung graben fid) bic reichen Herren it>r eige* 
ned Glrab, in meldied fie fitted laged mit alten 
ihren Gifenbafmbonbd unb allen aitberenSchein* 
merthpapieren hinabftiirten merben. Ter Bon 
ben Arbeitern gefdmffene Werth bleibt. 

Tie A e u c 3 * « t, . 

Abrabnin Sincoln fagte ; „Rlaffens 
gefehe. meld'e beut (Helbe bie Wemalt über bie 
Arbeiter geben, finb für bie Aepublif gefdbr= 
lieber, al« cd bie Beibeigenfcfraft tur 3<*t ih«ft 
größten Audbehnuug mar. Arbeit ift bic Gr* 
jeugerin bed Rapitald unb fte bt über badfelbe ; 
cd gebührt ihr Biel hi'h tre Anerfentiung. 

33 e i b e m j it n g ft e n ('kmerffebaftdfongrefe 
in Wafbington fam bie Arage ber «ebiebdge* 
richte jur iprad'c. Wcihrenb bic mcifteit Te» 
legaten englifdter Crganifationen für 0d'iebd= 
geriebte finb, erflärten bie Telegaten berGigar= 
renmadjer, engliichen unb beutfehen '«chrift-- 
feficr, Carpenter, Wöbelarbeiter, 0teinhauer 
unb Schneiber, ihre refpeftiBcn Crganifationen 
erfeböpften erft alte übrigen Wittel, ebe fie tunt 
Strife ober SBobcott fdiritten, uitb unterban: 
beiten vorher mit beit Arheitgehern burdi co= 
mited ober nöthigenfalld burdj bereu nationale 
Grecutm 'Behörben ; fie hielten aber im AUge= 
meinen nicht Biel t*oit «diiebdgerid'ten boii 
3.krfonen aiijjirbalb ber Leihen ber orgattifit ten 
Arbeiter. 

91 e u n t e b n t e l aller in ben T*cr. Staaten 
fabrijirteu 'Feitfcbett, merben Bott fontraftlid) 
gebuugcnen Sträflingen gemacht. Tie Hefen* 
unb Hiirftenbinberei ift gleichfattd burch Straf.- 
lingdarbeit fo tiemlid* mouopolifirt. Aubere 
Anbuftrif;meige,U'ie C»eugicf;cKi, Schuhmache- 
rei jc., finb auch fdmn ftarf in 9.tfitleibenjchaft 
gelogen. Wenn bie Gontraftoren ihren Weg 
kitten, fo mürben fie 'Prämien auf Aerbredheit 
audfehen unb alte ,'abrifation in 3uchth<iufevn 
betreiben. 

Wäh r c ttb bie „Rttigh t d of 2 a b o r ' 
früher mit fonftanter $artnääigteit nichtd 
über ihre Crganifation an bie Ceffentlichfeit 
brachten, fdjeint cd jetft, aid babe man bie 
Bädjerlidifeit biefer ©eheimnifttbuerei finge* 
fehen unb beabfichtige man ben 'l'orbang bed 
heiligen tu öffnen. Ter Hunb fann nur ge- 
minnen, fchreibt bad „35b- T ". twenn er fich 
mehr unb mehr bed Crbcnd Cbaraftcrd entflei- 
bet. Giant ahgefeben baoon, baft viele Athei= 
ter gebeimen Äcrbinbungen uicbt angehören 
moUen. mirb aueb bad innere (Mcfiige beffelben 
bcbeuteiib gefräitigt merben, meint Buht hinein 
bringt. Gin Glcbeimnifi, bad bunberttaufenb 
Witgliebern aimertraut mirb, ift feiitcd mehr. 
Tiefe riefige Armee mirb aber Acchcufchaft 
über bad ibuu unb Treiben ihrer '-Beamten, 
über bic gelammte 'Wirfiamfcit um> ben Stanb 
ber Crganifation haben molten, menu nicht ein 
mif;trauif<hcr t'leift biefelbe beberrfeben foil. 
Somit bleibt beim nicht« anbered übrig, aid 
bic bebrücfenb gemorbenen formen bed Cr« 
bendtvefend admälig ah.tufdiaffen unb bie f5ra> 
S i« ber offenen Uniond aujunebmen, bie ühri« 
gend beiläufig bemerft, aud> nicht alle ihre 
gefduiftlicben Angelegenheiten an bie grofee 
Wlocfe hangen. 

Baut 'Berid't bed Sefretärd erfahren mir 
jum erften 9Jtalc tuüerläfjig, mie graft bie WiL 
gliebcrjabl ber 3-erbinbuttg ift. Ter Audtoeid 
teigt und, baft ihr noch recht febr bad fefte 
^unbament fehlt, benn fonft föunten Bon über 
organifiiten Witglicberfdiaften nicht Mod 
übrig geblieben fein. Ta meiter fonfta» 



baft Warr, bie geioiebtigfte aller berufenen Au= f* r * Serben ift. baft bie Witgliebmahl in beit 

i*-- w ..(«j.. i cneu Aabrcn enorm gemadiictt (ttaeft ei* 

mg..* fogar um 75 ftroccnti, biefelbe aber jeht 



toritäten, ibr bie .‘.phBfifche unb moralifche 
Jabrifarbeit 



Wiebergehuvt ber 



farbeiter" jufchveibt. 



Tie W a f ch i n c n tvcrbeit in Mnfunft ein 
Segen fein für ben Arbeiterftanb. freute fcfraf * 
fen fie unfägliched Gleub. 



angeblich 111,000 beträgt, fo fann man ba* 
raud erleben, baft ber C'rben Bor einem Aahre 
noch jiemlith fdjmach geftanben haben tnuft, unb 
baft er erft «rftarfte, aid er bie ©eheimnifttbuerei 
mehr unb mehr ablegte. 






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Since the publication of our last batch of ac- 
knowledgements, we have received the proper ac- 
knowledgements and receipts from the Local 
Unions named for the following benefits, in the 
amounts here stated! 

jf?o. 68, John McDonald, Cincinnati, 0. $250 00 

No, 60, Mrs. Van Hocsen, Oneonta, N. Y. 50 00 
No. 7ü, Mrs. Ellen Pilkey, Toronto, Canada. 50 00 



Total. 



$350.00 



DEATH ASSESSMENTS. 



No. 70.— Mrs. Ellen Pilkey, aged 40, wife of 
Bro. Wm, E, Pilkey, initiated July 21, 1884, Union 
27. Toronto, Canada, died of Peritonitis, Oct. 30, 
1886. Papers received Dec, 2. 1885, Approved 
Dec, 12, 1885. 

No. 71.— Geo. H. Dobbs, age 37, initiated May 
20, 18*4, Union 2u. Baltimore, Md., died of Con- 
sumption Dec. 1, 1885. Papers received Dec. 31, 

1885, Approved Jan. 5, 1886. Paid Jan. 6, 1886. 
No. 72. — James Drayton, age 55, initiated Nov. 

26 1883, died of Heart Disease, Dec. 11, 1885. Pa- 
pers completed Jan. 7, 1886. Approved Jan. 9, 

1886. Paid Jan. 11, 1886. 

No, 73.— Jacob L. Baker, ago 49. initiated 
March 5, 1885, Union 88, Decatur, 111., died of 
Consumption. Dec. 29, 1885. Papers received Jan. 
7, 1886, Approved Jan. 9, 1886. 

No. 74,— Josiah It. McHenry, age 116, initiated 
Oct. 26, 1884, Union 37, New Orleans, La., died of 
Consumption, Dec, 31, 1885. Papers received Jan. 
7. Approved Jan, 9, 1886, 

Notice.— Assessment 68 has been remitted by 
most of the Unions, and Assessments 73 and 74 are 
now levied and by prompt remittance of the mon- 
ies to this office, the Ex. Bd. will be enabled to 
meet all claims promptly. This is the most trying 
season of the year and the death rate is beyond 
the average, but with promptness and loyalty on 
the part of the Unions we will pass through safely 
and meet every claim promptly. 



BLACK LIST. 



James Landon.— Expelled from Union 95, Hol- 
yoke, Mass., for working against the interests of 
the Brotherhood, and for hiring Non Union men. 

James M. Kerr.— E xpelled from Union 4, St. 
Louis, Mo., for taking the place ofjstriking street 

car.men. 

Paul Sachse.— Expelled from Union 4, St. 
Louis, Mo., for tuking piece work. 

Sol. C. Shively, expelled from Union 88, De- 
catur, 111 ., for misappropriating fun$3 he should 
have sent to the G. S. 



CALIFORNIA. 

Oakland.— Dull; wages $2 to $3, ono fourth em- 
ployed; fully 600 carpenters in town. This city 
and the whole Pacific Coast is over crowded with 
men; most of them come here “dead broke,” and 
work for anything, too many carpenters are 
crowding in here from the East and work will 
keep dull until the Spring. 

San Rafael.— T rade stagnant and prospects 
poor. 

Alamkda. -Union 47 doing well, but work is 
flat, 

Los Angeles. — Union men all at work; 400 car- 
penters here undone fifth of them idle; wages 
$2-50 to $3. Union 56 has had a splendid monthly 
entertainment on Nov. 28, and will meet hereafter 
on Thursday nights in Painters Hall. A vigorous 
Anti-Chinese agitation is going on here. 

San Francisco.— Wages $3 per day, work fear- 
fully dull, fully 1,500 carpenter sout of work in this 
city and the city is overcrowded with men. Pros- 
pects are very bad. Union 22 is holding its own, 
and there is an effective movement on foot to fed- 
erate all the trade and labor organizations on the 
Pacific Coast. 



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KENNEBEC ICE. 



A Constant Supply Guaranteed Throughout 
the Season, 



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District, 



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Depot 9th St. Wharf, 

WASHINGTON, D.C. 



Riddell’s Valuable Mechanical Boo^. 

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WILLIAMSPORT, PA- 



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A MONTHLY JOURNAL FOR CARPENTERS AND JOINERS. 



Volume VI. No 2. 



BROTHERHOOD NOTES. 



CLEVELAND, FEBRUARY, 1886. 



f Published on 

(The 15th of Every Month. 



TRADE NOTES. 



Union 132, Richmond, Va., has a rule 
that 8 pall bearers shall represent the 
union at the funeral of a brother mem 
her. 

Frank K. Foster, Editor of the 
Haverhill Laborer addressed a large meet 
ing on Jan. 27th., in Brockton, Mass, 
under auspices of Union 130. 

In Akron, O. Carpenters Union 84 
and the Trades Assembly of that city, 
have just completed a successful boy- 
cott against the Akron^ Milling Co 
Union men and union prices prevail 
there now, and the boycott is removed 
The G. S. visited Union 25, Toledo, 
O., on Jan. 13; and Union 10, Detroit 
Mich., on Jan. 14. The result is very 
gratifying, especially in Detroit, in the 
latter city 30 new r members have been 
gained the past month. 

Our Local Unions in the West and 
Southwest are requested to boycott the 
Daily and Weekly Constitution , Atlanta. 
Ga. Said paper has persistently refused 
to hire Union printers, and wages in- 
cessant war upon them. 

Union 58, Omaha. Neb., and several 
of our local unions directs our attention 
to the inferiority of scab nails, and that 
since the nail makers strike the quality 
of nails made in the scab mills has de- 
teriorated, so they are hardly worth 
taking as a gift. 

From Here And There, our local 
unions frequently inform us that 
travel ing brother has come to them with- 
out traveling card, signs, grip, etc. It is 
pure neglect for members to travel in 
that way. For if they will apply for 
these things in starting out they can get 
them from the union they leave. 

Otto Haese, St. Paul, Minn., writes 
that it is possible to organize a union of 
German Carpenters in that city, and that 
there are many of them who now hold 
out from Union 87 because of their un- 
familiarity with the English language 
Under such circumstances Union 87 will 
give due consideration to the propriety 
of forming a German union in St, Paul 
Take Our Advice! Be careful not to 
lend money to strangers even if they 
come to you in the garb of traveling 
brothers, for to do so is on your own 
responsibility. We want our members 
protected from “dead beats” like the 
scoundrel R. B. Savage, w T ho is going 
from city to city victimizing our mem- 
bers w herever he can. Hence this warn- 
ing! 

Through Carpenters Union 75, Eau 
Claire, Wis., all the hardware dealers 
have been induced to place the boycott 
circulars of the Ohio valley Trades As- 
sembly conspicuously in their stores. 
These dealers also inquired concerning 
Union mills, with a view of purchasing 
only Union nails. If all Unionists would 
imitate’Jthe noble example of Eau Claire 
carpenters, scab nails would be a stench 
in the market. 

Union 129, South Bay City, Mich., has 
issued a circular which contains this 
sound sentiment: We mean to have no 
conflict with builders or contractors; 
but we cordially invite them to join our 
body, by which they will be benefitted, 
as we proprose framing such law r s as will 
protect them, whereby they will be able 
to procure standard prices according to 
the times and be able to pay living rates 
to men. We shall do our utmost to dis- 
pense with the cut-throat business 
which has been the ruination of the 
trade. 



It is rumored that the Detroit con- 
tractors and builders have formed a 
union. 

The British society of architects will 
hold a building trades exhibition in 
Sheffield this month. 

Fifteen hundred tons of girders were 
shipped to the United States a few days 
ago by an English firm. 

Bradstbeet places the total number 
of failures in the United States during 
1885, at 11,116, against 11,620 in 1884. 

The Building Trades of Cohoes, N.Y., 
are forming a Union on the plan of the 
Trades Council of New York Citv. Those 
of Albany have already done so. 

Efforts are being made in Congress 
to change the present mechanics 7 lien 
law in Washington, D. G, so as to nul- 
lify its good effects in behalf of the work- 
men. 

Our Brotherhood during the past 
month, has received valuable assistance 
from the following journals: Labor Re- 
cord, Louisville, Ky.; Labor Herald , 
Richmond, Va.; and The Laborer, Haver- 
hill, Mass. They have published very 
encouraging notices of our local unions, 

A Builders’ Protective association 
was organized last week in the Builders’ 
and Traders’ Exchange, Chicago, About 
one hundred dealers in building mater- 
ials were in attendance. One of the 
chief benefits of the association will be 
the keeping of a “black list” containing 
the names of all purchasers who failed 
to pay their obligations. 

Joists of equal length and thickness 
vary in strength to carry weight, as the 
squares of their depths. Thus a joist 12 
in. deep is four times as stiff as one only 
6 in. deep ; and 44 per cent, stronger 
than one 10 in. deep. So it is better to 
use five 12 in. joists than six of 10 in. 
each; care being taken, of course, to 
“cross-bridge” or brace them between, 
to prevent them from turning over. 

There Is a dispute between the Car- 
penters and Framers, of New York, as 
to which trade belongs the right of doing 
a certain portion of inside work. A com- 
mittee of the Central Labor Union de- 
cided that it belonged to the Carpenters, 
but the Framers might do it if they ob- 
tained the same wages as Carpenters. 
This decision did not suit the Framers, 
but the C. L. U. indorsed the report. 

Alex Jonas, Editor of the New York 
Volszeiting, the only daily German labor 
paper in the United States, has written 



CHIPS AND SHAVINGS. 



a splendid pamphlet on the Eight Hour 
question. It is published in the English 
language and can be had for 60 cents per 
hundred. It is a valuable acquisition to 
the literature of the labor movement. 
For copies address, W. L. Rosenberg, 56 
East 4th Street, New York City. 

The Proper housing of employes is 
receiving the attention of investors in 
New York, who propose to build large 
tenements, upon which architects are 
now at work. One-third of the earnings 
of the New r York City workers go for 
rent; in England one-seventh. The 
honor of living in tenement houses is 
only equaled by the rent extorted for 
them. Most of the tenements of New 
York are not fit for human habitation. 



It Is Proposed to establish an insur- 
ance branch in connection with the In 
ter national Typographical Union. 

For the first time in its history the 
Connecticut Legislature has a Committee 
on Labor. Verily, “we cranks” are 
worthy of some consideration after all! 

Capital, as a rule, can take care of 
itself without combination, but it seems 
to be strictly necessary that working 
men should unite in order to protect 
themselves. — Geo. W. Childs. 

At the recent congress at Mantua, in 
Italy, organized by the Italian Work- 
men’s Confederation, 132 groups and 
Trades Unions were represented by 99 
delegates. 

Nineteen of Pinkerton’s detectives 
were members of the St. Louis Assembly 
which was found guilty of using dyna- 
mite, and it transpires that the detec- 
tives incited the parties to that shame- 
ful course. 

George Washington was the first boy- 
cotter known to the history of our 
country. He said : “If we cannot get 
our freedom, we will shut up the facto- 
ries of England and starve her mer- 
chants.” 

The Manufacturers of Massachusetts 
have already taken steps to defeat the 
passage of laws on behalf of the workers, 
particularly the bills providing for week- 
ly payments in factories; employers 
liability to their workmen in case of ac- 
cidents, and for tribunals of arbitration. 

No Part of the country has been free 
from the boycott. It has been success- 
ful North, South, East and West, and 
since its success is measured by victory 
in at least 40 per cent, of the total cases 
to which it has been applied, its import- 
ance as a weapon of offense and defense 
is at once realized. 

Our friends in Richmond, Va., have 
gained a victory over convict labor, and 
the flour boycott on the Haxall-Cren- 
shaw Company has been ordered off, 
and all bands are happy over the result. 
This boycott has been in operation since 
April last, the cause being the use of 
flour barrels made by convicts. 

Too much credit cannot be bestowed 
on Commissioner Peck and Chief Clerk 
Ed, J. Kean, of the New York Bureau of 
Labor Statistics, for the excellent work 
displayed in their annual report just 
published. Copies can be had by ap- 
plying to the Labor Bureau, Albany, 



The International Cigarmakers’ 
Union has voted by a large majority in 
favor of making the first Monday in 
September in every year a holiday. 



Granite Cutters are warned to keep 
away from Graniteville, Mo.; Silver 
Plume and Denver, Col.; State Capitol, 
Austin, Tex.; and the Rhode Island 
Granite Works, Westerly R. I. The lat- 
ter two are scab jobs; the formerare 
advertising for more men when they 
can’t furnish enough work for half of 
the men they now got. 

At Pittsburgh, Pa., January 13, dele- 
gates from a score of cities met and 
formed the Bakers’ National Union, 
The convention adopted a resolution to 
boycott the proprietors who refuse to 
reduce the hours of labor to 12 hours 
per day. The Bakers’ Union proposes 
to centre its strength on that point. 
The next convention is to be held in 
Chicago, January 15, 1887. 4 George (4. 
Block, of New York, an untiring worker 
in the movement, was elected National 
Secretary. 



TWO BLACKSHEEP CARPENTERS. 

By request of the nail makers’ of Iron- 
ton, ()., we publish John Porter and 
John Shore as deep dyed scabs. Both 
of these men are carpenters but non- 
union men, and they took the places of 
the nail makers’ now on strike in [ron- 
ton. Porter lias been a builder and con- 
tractor in Ironton for a number of years 
and has had lots of work and was very 
seldom idle, so his perfidy is all the 
blacker. John Shore is a millwright 
and was making S3 per day, when he 
went in to run nail machines. Both of 
these “blacksheep” deserve the con- 
tempt of all honest men. 

— 

ARREST THE SCOUNDREL ! 

A dead-beat, named R. B. Savage, has 
victimized Bro. Ed. Garvin, President of 
Utica Union 125. The rascal had the 
grip, pass words and signs of the B., but 
had no traveling card. He claimed to 
be President of Union 34, Minneapolis, 
Minn., and that on his way to Boston 
was robbed of his overcoat and railroad 
ticket, lie borrowed $8 from Bro. Gar- 
vin, to be returned in ten days. It is 
now over a month, and on writing to 
Minneapolis it is discovered that he 
never was a member of that Union. R. 
B. Savage is about 5 ft. 10 inches high ; 
200 pounds weight, 45 to 50 years old, 
light eyes, dark moustache, hair slightly 
gray, wore dark blue check shirt, no 
collar, dark blue clothes, cut away coat, 
checked vest, and wore one of our B. 
pins. If he should turn up in any city 
under our jurisdiction, we trust the 
brother who meets him will place him 
in the hands of the police. 

Later— -This same rascal after leaving 
Utica has defrauded our members in 
Lynn, Mass., Worcester, Mass, and Holy- 
oke, Mass. In the latter city he went 
by the name of Hiram Wilcox. Our 
counsel is : — Don’t lend money to 
strangers, no matter what they profess 
to be. 



HOW THEY DO IT IN NEW YORK. 



P. Hermann’s carpenters, both' in the 
shop on West Fourteenth street and 
those working on the Emigrant Savings 
Bank, in Chambers street, struck on 
Monday, Jan. 25, for $3.25 a day for nine 
hours’ work. On Tuesday morning the 
hod-hoisting engineer, laborers, plumb- 
ers, steam-fitters, painters, bricklayers 
and all the other trades quit work on the 
bank building until the carpenters re- 
ceived their demands. In union there 
is strength. On Wednesday young Her- 
mann, who is managing his father’s 
business, made terms with the carpen- 
ters. They arc to receive all they struck 
for, and he is to employ only Union 
men. The walking delegate is to be per- 
mitted to visit either the shop or jobs 
whenever lie considers it necessary. 
The carvers employed by him are to re- 
ceive $18 a week, and the varnishens get 
an increase of $) per week- Nine hours 
a day for five days, and eight on Satur- 
day, will be the working time of all the 
trades. The men in the other building 
trades are to be paid for the time lost in 
support of tbe carpenters, amounting to 
$180 . — John Swinton’s Paper. 



In New t Orleans, the Presidents 
of the Printers’ and the Pressmen’s 
Unions have been indicted for criminal 
libel in carrying a banner in their labor 
parade with the device^ “Fined $600 
for being Union men.” 











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THE CARPENTER. 



Entered at the Post-Office as second-class matter 
Published at No. 19 Frankfort St., Cleveland, 0. 

CLEVELAND, FEBRUARY, 1886. 



PRESS ONWARD, WORKINGMEN 1 



FOR THB CARPENTER, 



m J 



Trade is now depressed. 

The toilers are distressed. 

And the busy hives of labor in decay; 

^Reductions and shutdowns, 

And the bosses angry frowns. 

And thousands of poor families in dismay. 

And can they be content, 

The last dollar they have spent. 

The hungry wolves are howling for their prey; 
The tyrant landlords said. 

The rent has not been paid. 

And the tenants they must move this very day. 

Think of those tenant’s lives. 

And the wailing of their wives, 

The little ones are hungry and cold; 

No food nor fire have they, , 

Their father’s got no pay. 

The hardships they have suffered are untold. 

When various trades were good, 

Men might do better if they would, 

By giving small donations from their pay; 

To advance the glorious cause, 

To make just and wiser laws, 

To help on the Brotherhood in the fray. 

Ah! if men were only wise, 

To unite and organize, 

And make one strenuous effort for their right; 
Lock-outs and strikes would cease, 

Men could do just as they please, 

And victory would crown their glorious fight. 

Then rally workingmen. 

When trade revives again. 

Join the Brotherhood each and every man; 

To defend your homes and wives, 

Your children and your lives, 

And march with your comrades in the van. 

Boston, Mass., M. C. Heaney. 

— 

00 ME INTO THE FOLD. 

We would respectfully ask every car- 
penter or joiner, who possesses the abil- 
ity to do h good day’s work for a good 
day’s pay, and who has the manhood to 
declare himself a free-born man, to come 
and join our fast-growing army. If you 
take any interest in your own welfare, 
or in the welfare of your sons, who are 
to take your place some day, unite with 
us. When we commenced our appren- 
ticeship, say twenty, thirty or forty 
years ago, our trade was not in such a 
tleplorable condition as at present. Let 
us look at the difference, We had em- 
ployment all the year round. We also 
had higher pay. We were more re- 
spected by the capitalist,— treated more 
like men. ‘ What have we got? Take five 
mechanics of your acquaintance together. 
Does one out of every five own his 
home ? Or has one out of every live laid 
up a little for a rainy day or old age? 
No. Well, now take your sons; start 
them out now, and consider their 
chances. In the first place, how many 
can get steady work? What will be their 
pay ? How can they prosper when every- 
thing is against them? They can not 
thank their fathers, so far, for anything 
they ever did to elevate their craft. We 
were sunk so low that we could not get 
lower, and did not see it. But now we 
ask you as fellow- workmen, to open your 
eyes, and look at the condition of the 
, trade. Do you not think, we are stand- 
ing at the entrance to the poor-house? 

We have the best kind of mechanics 
out of employment. They can not get 
work because they are known as high- 
priced men. They" tramp from one shop 
to another, from "morning till evening, 
looking for work, but in vain. We are 
compelled to do it now ; and what will 
we do next winter, and winter after 
next, if things keep on this way? Who. 
or what is to change our situation ? We 
must do it ourselves ; and the only way 
is to organize ourselves for our own ad- 
vancement, as well as capital has or- 

f anized for its well-being. Look at the 
ankers. They have their organization. 
So have the lawyers, the doctors, the 
preachers, the manufacturers, the lum- 
ber men, the butchers, the brewers, and 
whisky dealers, the wool-growers, and 
the cotton-planters. Look at the iron 
and coal rings; look at the railroad and 
telegraph corporations or any other busi- 
ness. Now, it capital sees it is necessary 
to unite, why should it not be advisable 
for labor to unite. In this age a work- 
ingman has no hope except in unifica- 
tion. Without union we meet our em- 
ployers at a great disadvantage. We are 
opposed to those contractors, who figure 
so low, in order to get a job, that they 
must beat their merchant out of his bill 



and the workman out of his honest pay, 
Let ns drive such men out of our trade. 
They are a disgrace to any community. 

Now, fellow- workingmen, study your 
condition well. Look at it. Where have we 
landed without Union ? Let us try unity 
among us and I guarantee we will rise 
again to that position to which we are 
entitled. But if you are one of those 
who are ready to fall to pieces the mo- 
ment you see the shadow of your fore- 
man or employer, (or, for short, a 
“sucker” who cares for no one but him- 
self,) you had better stay with your own 
crowd. We have no use for such per- 
sons. You would not enjoy our com- 
pany, The moment you would enter 
our midst, you would find nothing but 
men — men who will try to rise, and who 
will and must succeed" We surely have 
the sympathy of all business men, and 
success awaits us. Ask any business 
men, who has any go-ahead or grit, and 
he will say, “Organize, and stick to 
short days and high wages ; then we can 
do business,— cash business, a thing that 
is getting very scarce.” The workmen 
do not earn enough. When men earn a 
dollar a day, there is no trade ; but, 
when they earn high wages, and have 
steady employment, all business is pros- 
perous. If we do not help ourselves and 
take our own part, who will? Seven 
tenths of the population are wage-wor- 
kers, and three tenths are capitalists. 
Why should w r e not win. Let us try it 
by organizing in the Brotherhood of 
Carpenters and Joiners of America. Join 
and do your share of work toward ele- 
vating your craft. 

Union Man. 

Dayion t Ohio . 



TRADE GUILDS AND THEIR ADVANTAGES. 

The growing tendency to organization 
among master tradesmen of all kinds, 
but particularly among those connected 
with the building trades, naturally leads 
to a consideration of the old trade guilds 
of wdiich these new organizations are the 
legitimate successors. The recent con- 
vention of master plumbers held in this 
city and that of the painters held a few r 
days ago in Chicago, are cases in point, 
and many of their principal features 
strongly suggest the character and pur- 
poses of the ancient guilds. 

Guilds of tradesmen existed and flour- 
ished in ancient Rome, having privileges 
accorded them and powers which, as 
they gradually banded together, grew 
into formidable dimensions. Indeed, so 
strong did they become that the jealousy 
of the later emperors was aroused, ana 
conflicts arose which finally resulted in 
the destruction of the guilds by the mili- 
tary. It is worthy of note just here that 
the Roman or Latin name for the guilds 
was collegia opificium, literally, compa- 
nies of makers of w T ealth, and that when 
they were suppressed by bands of mer- 
cenary soldiers the wealth and power of 
Rome was on the wane, soon to be en- 
tirely destroyed by the invading bar- 
barians. 

For nearly six-hundred years thereaf- 
ter the lot of the craftsmen of Europe 
was one of serfage if not of actual sla- 
very. Kept in the closest subjection of 
the rude chieftains who held the strong 
places of the world, they were treated as 
inferior to the coarsest ruffian that drew 
sword or carried spear in the service of 
his feudal master. Gradually, however, 
intelligence and patient toil began to as- 
sert their unfailing influence. In some 
places, both on the Continent of Europe 
and in England, the little villages which 
clustered under the shadow of the feudal 
castles grew into thrifty cities, where the 
arts found some degree of encourage- 
ment and trade with neighboring coun- 
tries led to the accumulation of wealth. 
Some of the more enlightened of the 
barons encouraged this development, 
sought to promote the new growth out 
of a sincere love of progress. But, in the 
majority of cases, such encouragement 
as was given was only for sinister mo- 
tives. It was well to see the burghers 
grow rich for a time : they make the bet- 
ter objects of plunder when the lord’s 
necessities made plunder sweet. Afflict- 
ed thus, and in constant fear of spolia- 
tion, the various trades organized them- 
selves into guilds for mutual protection 
and counsel, and the guilds of each town 
or city, in their turn entered into solemn 
treaties for mutual defense against tyran- 
ny and exaction. This movement had 



its great rise in the earlier part of the 
tenth century, say from 930 to 960 A. D. 

At this time another struggle was in 
progess of a purely political nature. The 
nominal reigning sovereigns of the vari- 
ous European countries which were then 
being formed out of the hundred* of 
petty states were engaged in constant 
strife with more powerful vassals, those 
lordly feudatories who, like the Duke of 
Burgundy in a later age, rendered un- 
willing obedience to the Suzerain at all 
times, and were ever ready to spring in- 
to open rebellion. The kings w T ere as- 
tute enough to see that the trade guild« 
offered a sure means of raising up for 
themselves allies in the very camp of 
their enemies, and royal charters were 
distributed with a lavish hand among 
the guilds of Germany, France and Eng- 
land. All such guilds as received a roy- 
al charter, generally in return for some 
comparatively insignificant gift or ser- 
vice, thenceforth called themselves free, 
in token their members no longer ow T ed 
vassalage to the petty chieftain at their 
doors, but only to the lord paramount, 
the sovereign of them all. 

Thus was the power of the organiza- 
tion finally placed on a permanent basis, 
and though occasional reverses have 
been met with here and there, their 
spirit has never been broken. At times 
they have decided the fate of empires. 
It was the guildsmen of Ghent who set- 
tled, at the battle of Nancy, the question 
whether France or Burgundy should be- 
come the paramount monarchy ; it was 
the guilds of the city of London to whom 
the various factions of the nobles ap- 
pealed during the most troubled periods 
of English history, w T ell knowing that 
whichever way they went the country 
w T ould go; it was the chief of the London 
guilds, Lord Mayor Beckford, who, in 
1770, demanded of King George III., in 
a public address, which is engraved in 
gilt letters under his statue in Guildhall, 
that he, the king, should dismiss his 
cabinet ; and it is to guilds of London, 
Edinburg, Dublin and other great cities 
of the United Kingdom, that princes, 
nobles and various statesmen deem it 
honor to obtain admission. There are 
89 guilds in the city of London now 
representing every conceivable branch 
of trade and possessed of enormous 
wealth. 

Aside from the purpose of obtaining 
mutual protection from the tyranny of 
armed men, w r hich was undoubtedly the 
cause of the guilds, these bodies also 
lived for other and nobler purposes. 
Chief among these w ere the moral eleva- 
tion of their members, and the advance- 
ment in skill and knowiedge of the mas- 
ters of the various crafts. As incidents 
subordinate to these great aims were 
regulations concerning apprenticeship 
and graduation into the upper ranks of 
companions (equivalent to the modern 
journeymen) and masters; scales of com- 
pensation for various classes of work 
and conditions under which men were 
only permitted to exercise the craft, and 
various similar but minor matters. 

With regard to the first, so stringent 
were the regulations in the middle ages 
that to be a member of a guild, in good 
standing, was equivalent to a certificate 
of character beyond which nothing 
higher could be found. With regard to 
the cultivation of skill and knowledge 
the same may be said, and both grew 
out of the system of apprenticeship. In 
different trades the number of appren- 
tices and the length of the period of pro- 
bationary service varied very consider- 
ably. As a general rule, the higher the 
degree of intelligence required in a trade 
the fewer were the number of appren- 
tices permitted and the longer the period 
they had to serve. But this one cardinal 
principle was never relaxed : no one 
could work at his trade in any free city, 
tow r n or borough who had not gone 
through the regular period of appren- 
ticeship — varying from two to ten years 
—and none could practice on his own 
account who had not passed the scrutiny 
of his guild, and been admitted suc- 
cessively to the orders of Companion 
and Master. The tests lor admission to 
the last arid highest grade were always 
very severe, and many of the most 
famous works of art that are no\v 
treasured in Europe are the results of 
these examinations. One of these, the 
famous iron well cover at Antwerp, 
wrought by Quentine Matsvs, will 
-readily be remembered. 



The object of this brief and necessarily 
imperfect review of the history of trade 
guilds is to cause fruitful thought at this 
critical period, when the master me- 
chanics of the country are laying the 
foundations for future "industries whose 
magnitude cannot be overestimated. 
Just as the trades of a thousand years 
ago stood between two fires, so they 
stand in America to-day. On the one 
side are the capitalists and great corpor- 
ations seeking, through dexterous use 
of the ordinary laws of competition, to 
grind down compensation for good work 
to a starvation basis ; on the other are 
the unthinking mass of laborers, either 
totally unskilled or only skilled in some 
one minor branch of a trade, who are 
always ready to start agitation for in- 
creased wages and very rarely with the 
remotest reference to the welfare, or 
even to the possible existence, of the 
employer. With wise, temperate and 
cautious beginnings, the fathers of the 
new guilds can prepare the way for the 
most complete protection in these re- 
spects, and in no way can this so surely 
be done as by the adoption of a rigid ap- 
prenticeship system, to be followed by 
strict rules for final admission into the 
upper ranks of the guild. It might be 
impossible in all cases, under our po- 
litical system, and undesirable if possi- 
ble, to put up absolute barriers so as to 
prevent any but graduates of a guild 
from carrying on any business he may 
see fit to adopt, but it is certain that 
properly managed guilds would soon 
create such Extended popular respect 
for their diplomas or certificates that 
their members would have a practical 
monopoly of the business. This would 
especially be the case if, in all cases of 
proved bad workmanship or bad busi- 
ness faith, the offending member were 
relentlessly expelled, and the fact of his 
expulsion and its causes duly made pub- 
lic. Moreover, when it was once fully 
understood that a sufficient apprentice- 
ship was the only honorable avenue into 
any trade ; when people of the lighter 
sort found themselves denied accession 
to the ranks, and all the baser ones were 
necessarily expelled, a vast step would 
be taken toward that “dignity of labor” 
of which we so often bear. The youth 
of the country would have new ambi- 
tions opened to them, would come to re- 
gard a certificate of their five or seven 
years’ service in learning a trade as of 
more value than a collegiate diploma, 
which so often amounts to nothing more 
than an assurance to the world that its 
youthful owner has wasted long years of 
the most valuable time of his life in 
learning nothing. — G. if., in Building 
Trades Journal. 



THE LABOR OUTLOOK, 

The shortening of the day’s wmrk to 
eight hours will to employers seem al- 
most disastrous. But we see it stated in 
an exchange that “in the latter part of 
Middle Ages, w’ken some of the grandest 
buildings in Europe were being con- 
structed, eight hours was the length of 
the working day. The quality of work 
was more valued than the amount of 
work done. Stand before one of these 
glorious old edifices and examine with 
a magnifying glass the parts hundreds 
of feet alolt. Astonishment will give 
way to admiration in viewing the deli- 
cate tracery and perfectly developed 
vines and buds, set where no naked 
eye can see them, and long before the 
telescope was thought of. No slighted 
jobs were these.” Thoraid Rogers says: 
“Employers w r ere very likely to discover 
that the" laborers’ resistance to an exces- 
sively long day was not merely personal, 
and that the work might suffer from the 
workman’s weariness and exhaustion.” 
Perhaps it is the wild rush for big pro- 
fits and great wealth to be gained in a 
few years which makes the insistance 
upon long hours for a day’s w r ork seem 
so important to employers. Custom and 
habit have a good deal of influence 
over our opinions. The Southern people 
thought the blacks would be valueless 
as laborers only under the lash of slave- 
driver, but they have raised more cotton 
as freemen than they ever did as slaves. 
It may be that the profit from the pro- 
duction of labor will be as great under 
the shorter hours system as under the 
longer, now that the machinery in use 
has been so greatly improved and is ca- 
pable of producing such great resulted— 
Lumberman's Gazette . 






THE CAEPENTEE. 



THE SLAVERY OF TO-DAY. 



Under the old system a slave was 
called by his right name— a slave* He 
was, to all intents and purposes, the 
property of his master. He was liable 
to be bought and sold, or otherwise dis- 
posed of, the same as cattle, sheep, bales 
of goods, oil, wine, or any other kind of 
merchandise. If he had a harsh or 
cruel master lie was liable to all man- 
ner of ill-treatment, including corporal 
punishment and even death itself. Of 
liberty or rights o| course he had none 
but what his master might chose to con- 
fer. Whatever wealth he hoarded or 
scraped together was at the mercy of 
his master; for as slaves were them- 
selves but the property of their masters, 
whatever belonged to them belonged, by 
the same rule, to their owner. It is 
needless to argue in condemnation of 
such a syteru ; it is self-condemned in 
the very fact that human nature recoils 
from such a state, and that it is only 
bearable by those who know no better, 
and only preferable to the sort of 
mockery of freedom to which it has 
given place. Let it not, however, be 
supposed that the evils of such a state 
were felt as we should now-a-day feel 
them, who have enjoyed the rights of 
liberty of conscience ; it was quite 
otherwise. If the condition of direct 
slavery had its dark side, it had also its 
bright side — bright at least in compari- 
son with what has followed. The slave 
of antiquity was not insulted with the 
name or mockery of freedom when he 
knew he had none. He had not the 
shadow hypocritically offered him for 
the substance. He had not to upbraid 
his masters with dissimulation and 
treachery, in addition to the burdens 
imposed upon Jbim. He had not to com- 
plain that his master had robbed him or 
defrauded of rights, and of a position 
which belonged to him by the same con- 
stitutional law by which the master 
claimed his own. Of those he could 
have known nothing, simply because 
they had never existed in or before his 
time. — Bronterre O’Brine. 



WHAT A STRONG UNION HAS DONE. 



The 
is 400 stron 



Bricklayers’ Union of 
ng. 

layer in Chicago 



yers r union oi Chicago 
It embraces every brick- 
and a premium is 
offered for “ the scalp of a scab brick- 
layer.” Ed. Mulvaney, the president of 
the union in talking over the situation 
says : 

“ Our union has settled the convict 
labor question to a certain extent,” 
said Mr. Mulvaney, “we passed a reso- 
lution that we back up no stone that 
was cut in State Prison or by convicts, 
and we won. The stone is How cut by 
our local stone-cutters at fair wages. 
One building firm concluded to evade 
us anil take work away from Chicago, 
but we checkmated them, They pur- 
chased a quarry down at Long Meadows, 
Mass., and hired the stone cut down 
there at reduced wages. That enabled 
them to underbid other builders who 
hired union and home labor. Of course, 
it was not directly our fight, but the 
stone-cutters were * helpless in the mat- 
ter, and we were in a position to help 
them. So we notified these builders 
that we would back up no stone that 
was not cut by union cutters. They 
made the usual objection, that we should 
not interfere with their rights to buy 
where they pleased. We did not dis- 
cuss that with them, but asserted our 
rights to work where we pleased. They 
saw the point and the stone is now cut 
in Chicago. 



THE EIGHT-HOUR DAY. 



Circular of the Federation of Organized 
Trades and Labor Unions. 



THE OBJECT OF IT ALL. 



HOUSE BUILDING IN PERSIA. 

From the illustrated paper by S. G. 
W. Benjamin, our late minister to Per- 
sia, in the city of Teheran, we quote 
the following: “What implements 

they used in ancient times we 
know not ; but to-day the Persian ar- 
tisan has neither rule, compass nor 
spirit-level. He is commonly ignorant 
of the fact that the diameter is the third 
of the circumference ; his gimlets and 
augurs are prods turned by a bow-string; 
he has no hatchet, but only an adze, anti 
no carpenter’s bench. If he desires to 
plane a board, he puts it on the ground; 
and if he would saw a block of wood, 
he squats on the ground himself and 
holds it between his toes ; drawing the 
saw towards himself. Wood is scarce 
and with such tools hard to work. If 
pillars are to be constructed, the trunks 
of poplars are raised and simply strip- 
ped oi their branches and baric. These 
may be crooked, but that matters not ; 
the master workman tells his subordi- 
nate to shape the timber into an elegant 
pillar witli gatch. Depending only on 
his eye and the skill of his hand, this 
simple artisan applies the plaster round 
the trunk in the torm of a fluted pillar 
and crowns it with a graceful capital and 
cornice, showing a lively inventive 
fancy. If judged by the strict applica- 
tion of rule and compass, these decora- 
tions may sometimes deviate slightly 
from a straight line, but of the artistic 
beauty of the conception there can be 
no question. It is interesting to watch 
the builders at work. They wear long 
tunics, which are tucked into their gird- 
les when working. 



The Bustling, hurrying man, as a 
matter of fact, is a poor worker. Too 
much of his steam power is expended in 
kicking up the dust. The habit of hur- 
rying % and being in a hurry, is fatal to 
good work, and diminishes the amount 
of work a good man can do. The men 
who accomplish most never seem in a 
hurry, no matter how much they have 
to do. They are not troubled for lack of 
time, for they make the most of the 
minutes by working in a methodical 
manner, finishing each job properly, and 
not expending their nerve force in bus- 
tle. — Exchange. 



All this business of organization, 
which is going on everywhere with as- 
tounding momentum, has other objects 
than merely the massing of the country’s 
industrial forces. It looks to vast labors, 
which must be begun even while organi- 
zation is in progress. 

The object of organizing an army is 
not merely that the troops may wear 
their uniforms, brandish their weapons, 
go through the drill or practice tactics 
and maneuvers under their officers. An 
army is raised for defensive or agressive 
action against the enemy ; and it is worth 
its cost just in proportion as it shields 
or conquers. 

All organizers, and all men brought 
under organization in any regiment of 
the industrial line, must be made aware 
of this fact, or else they will soon find 
organizing too wearisome. “Why should 
we be forever strutting to and fro, pol- 
ishing up our rusty guns, hauling in raw 
recruits, going through the motions and 
footiug the expenses?” 

Now, Industrial Organization is but 
the means of preparing for action in the 
field of industry. It is the preliminary 
stage of the service. It is the first step 
toward the work that is to be under- 
taken, Isolated individuals are power- 
less against the solid array of the other 
side, and a mob is naught but chaff. 
The forces of labor must be trained for 
duty through organization. It is as yet 
loose, partial and unsatisfactory ; it must 
be made compact and comprehensive. 

The need is pressing. The enemy are 
seizing our country, forging yokes for 
our necks, and carrying our children 
into bondage. Our liberties must be 
rescued by our own hands. 

The advantages of even such crude or- 
ganization as already exists have been 
brought under every man’s eyes, in hun- 
dreds of examples', during the past few 
years. It lias brought gains innumer- 
able, warded off’ losses otherwise inevit- 
able, and created a sense of strength that 
is all-important at this crisis of affairs. 

When organization is further ad- 
vanced we will take up the larger work, 
and then all men will see that it was the 
first step of social progress. — John Swin - 
ton's Paper. 

A House Built upon quicksand must 
fall! So a civilization built upon a 
wrong foundation must decay. The 
competitive system which says : “Every 
man for himself, and the devil take the 
hindermost,” underlies our social fabric, 
and the result is huge .mountains of 
wealth beside awful gulfs of poverty and 
misery. A civilization to be permanent 
and progressive must be based upon the 
eternal rock of reciprocity, which recog- 
nizes the divine truth, that the welfare 
of each child oi God is the concern of 
the whole earth . — George Jacob Holyoke . 



To the Officers and Members of all Trade 
and Labor Unions , and International , 
National, State and Central Organiza- 
tions Representing Trade and Labor 
Unions : 

Brethren — At the fourth annual ses- 
sion of the above-named Federation, 
held in Chicago, a resolution was adopt- 
ed recommending all labor organizations 
to so direct their laws that eight hours 
should constitute a legal day’s work on 
and after May 1, 1886. At the fifth an- 
nual session, held December 8 to 11 in- 
clusive, in Washington, D. C., I was re- 
quested to direct you to report to the 
Legislative Committee, through me, on 
or before March 1, 1886, whether or not 
you have resolved to introduce the 
eight-hour work-da' 
the steps already talcen to 



tv, with particulars of 
idv taken to carry it into 
effect, your local and national strength, 
numerically and financially, an estimate 
of the number of non-Union hands in 
your trade, and any other information 
bearing upon the condition of your or- 
ganization. 

The Legislative Committee suggests 
that Unions intending to put the eight- 
hour day in operation ought first to en- 
deavor to secure the acquiescence of em- 
ployers by submitting for their signature 
some such compact as the following : 
agreement, 

Entered into between. and 

Union. 

hereby agree [or agrees] that 

on and after May 1, 1886, their [or his] 
establishment shall be restricted in its 
working hours to eight per day. 

...Union hereby agrees not to 

ask any increase on the present rate of 
wages until such time as the same is 
warranted by the condition of trade. 

Signed this ..day of ..1886. 

for the firm. 

for the Union. 

As you will observe, the question of 
the adoption of the eight-hour rule on 
May 1, 1886, was not hastily conceived, 
but has been under consideration for the 
past two years. While many working- 
men have discussed the eight-hour work- 
day, this is flie first attempt on the part 
of organized labor to concentrate its 
efforts to bring about this most desirable 
result simultaneously, or as nearly as 
possible, on a fixed date. 

In the name, then, of the Federation, 

I urge upon you the importance not 
only of making a thorough canvass in 
your trade, but also of doing all that you 
possibly can to arouse your members to 
a clear understanding of the urgent ne- 
cessity for the establishment of the 
eight-hour rule. Do not let this oppor- 
tunity pass by unheeded, but be up and 
act. W. H. Foster, Secretary. 

Philadelphia, Jan, 21, 1886. 



UNITE THE CARPENTERS. 

We trust the time will soon come 
when the carpenters of New York city 
and vicinity will be amalgamated with 
our Brotherhood. Negotiations for that 
purpose are now pending. — Carpenter. 

To this John Swinton's Paper adds : It 

has always seemed to us a pity that the 
Brotherhood and United Order was not 
amalgamated, or that they did not, at 
least, have a system of interchanging 
cards. No Union can afford to stand 
alone or shut itself up within a city. 
Labor is world-wide, and the interests 
of alt are identical. Our carpenter 
friends are intelligent men, ana they 
should recognize this fact. Concentra- 
tion is the order of the day. 



W. A. Pinkerton was seen in regard 
to the statement made at the Chicago 
Trade and Labor Assembly that he was 
employing detectives from among the 
members of the Machinists’ and Black- 
smiths’ Union. Pinkerton said he “did 
not propose to ask the permission of any 
labor organization to employ any one he 
saw fit, and, furthermore, the “men 
who were the loudest in crying against 
traitors to their Unions were the ones 
who would sell themselves most readily.” 
He “made a living from capital, not 
from labor, and would change Vander- 
bilt’s words to say : ‘The Labor Unions 
be ” — Chicago Daily News . 



IDNUSTRIAL PARTNERSHIPS. 

It is not an easy matter to furnish a 
solution to the vexed questions arising 
between capital and labor. That they 
do not occupy the relative positions to 
each other that their close and insepar- 
able connections make necessary is ap- 
parent to any casual observer. The 
great fortunes that have been acquired 
in the last fifty years, the building of 
railroads, factories and shops— driving 
out of existence the small carriers and 
mills employing only a few bands, that 
were the reliance of our forefathers — 
have brought about this state of affairs. 
Now nearly everything is monopolized 
by large concerns, leaving the skilled 
mechanic without any other capital than 
his own labor to choose between two 
things : starvation or becoming the em- 
ploye of a great corporation. Since our 
laws and the usages of society have 
forced these unnatural and unjust rela- 
tions, it becomes a matter of interest to 
the whole people. 

Among the plans advanced to solve 
this question is that of industrial part- 
nerships. This consists in a division of 
a certain percentage of the profits among 
the employes, first giving to each man 
fair wages for his labor, then dividing 
the surplus among the laborers, after al- 
lowing to capital a profit for its use, thus 
giving them a share in the profits of 
tlieir labor. 

Abraham Lincoln said : “Labor is 

prior to, and to a large extent, inde- 
pendent of, capital. Capital is but the 
Iruit of labor, and could never have ex- 
isted if labor had not first existed.” 
Under present conditions capital seems 
to feel an entire independence of labor, 
and to demand humble and abject 
obedience from it. The two are insep- 
arable and indispensable one to the 
other. Capital without labor is useless, 
and so of the converse of this proposi- 
tion. By industrial partnerships each 
feels an interest in the general welfare, 
knowing that application and a desire to 
promote the interests of all materially 
aid those of each other ; for the higher 
degree of intelligence applied to any 
work, the greater and more saticfactory 
the results. 

Leclaire’s example is a useful one. 
After paying his workmen fair daily 
wages, he divided among them at the 
end of the year a certain percentage of 
the profits, proportioned to their tech- 
nical skill and length of service. Not 
even a single day’s work in the course 
of a year was forgotten in the final re- 
ward of labor. The effect upon his 
workmen was immediate and striking. 
Implicit trust at once supplanted un- 
friendly discontent. When the men 
found that they were to participate in 
the master’s prosperity, they became 
more faithful in their work, more atten- 
tive to every duty, and more careful of 
the interests of their employer. The 
same persons who formerly, hopeless of 
bettering their condition, lived reckless 
and improvident lives, now seeing a 
chance of social improvement, became 
self-respectful and frugal of their earn- 
ings. 

It is fortunate for the welfare of a na- 
tion, when all the forces of its industrial 
life tend to the amelioration of society. 
This system has been tried with most 
satisfactory results by one of the largest 
flour manufacturing firms of this city. 
Industrial partnerships are a stepping- 
stone to co-operation, which promises to 
still further aid in the solution of the 
labor problem. Co-operation can only 
exist under favorable conditions, while 
industrial partnerships can exist wliere- 
ever and whenever capital employs 
labor. 

Wherever such partnerships have ex- 
isted strikes have entirely ceased, and to 
avoid those the plan is worthy of trial 
by all employers, for the cost of even a 
short strike would amount to a great 
deal more than the sum which, under 
this system, could be divided arnoug the 
employes. — Wood and Iron , Minneapolis, 
Minn. 



It Seems that a lawyer is something of 
a carpenter ; he can file a bill, split a 
hair; make an entry, get up a case, 
frame an indictment, impanel a jury, 
put them in a box, nail a w itness, ham- 
mer a judge, bore a court, and other like 
things* 



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THE CARPENTER, 

Published Monthly 

—BY THE— 

Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, 



OF EBICiL. 



Terms— F ifty cents a year, in advance, postpaid 
Address all letters and monies, to 

p. j. mcguire, 

Look Box 180, Cleveland, Ohio. 



CLEVELAND, FEBRUARY. 1886. 



Prospects are excellent for a very busy 
season in the building line this spring 
and summer. Our reports from all over 

the country agree in that respect. 

*»»**«» — 

The Brotherhood Calendars have 
not been issued this year, as there was 
so much work for the G. S. to do, and 
no authority to issue the Calendars that 
we have had to dispense with them this 
year. It is suggested that as a substitute 
we issue certificates of membership, fit 
for framing, to hang up in the homes of 
our members. 



One of the Greatest evils the Ge- 
neral Secretary has to contend with, is 
the constant change of Secretaries in so 
many of the Local Unions. It breaks 
the regular routine of promptness with 
the general office; it necessitates many 
alterations in the List of Secretaries 
every month; it causes dissatisfaction, 
creates trouble and does much injury. 
No man should accept the office of Fin- 
ancial Secretary, unless he means to 
attend to it, and when a good competent 
man is found, he should be retained as 
long as he will serve. Business houses 
act on this rule. And we are gratified to 
see several of our unions are recognizing 
the importance of this measure. 

THE ROOT OF THE SUBJECT. 

“Give me the land and you may frame as many 
eight- hour laws as you please, yet I can baffle 
them all and render them null and void. Pro- 
hibit child labor if you will, but give me land and 
your children will be slaves,“ — T. V. Powderly. 

Yes, and give me the right to reap 
profits, through the existing wage sys- 
tem, from the workers, and they may 
have land as free as air, and I will hold 
them in slavery. Abolish rent and in- 
terest, but continue the iron law of 
wages, and the rich will always be get- 
ting richer, and the poor— poorer,— 
Labor Enquirer , Denver y Col. 

COUNCILS OF THE BUILDING TRADES 

In Cincinnati a Council has been organized with 
eleven (11) unions of the building trades repre- 
sented. In St. Louis the Bricklayers, Plasterers, 
Stone Masons. Hod Carriers, Carpenters and Plum, 
bers have formed a Council and have organized a 
Painters Union and are at work to perfect the or- 
ganization of all the building trades. Speed on 
the good work in every cityl 



ORGANIZE A PAINTERS NATIONAL 
UNION. 

Within a few months, fully 50 letters have come 
to this office making inquiries how to start Pain- 
ters Unions. Each letter desired to know if there 
was a Painters National Union, or any head organ- 
ization of Painters. All of these letters expressed 
the strongest desire for a National Union of the 
men of the brush and putty knife. With but very 
little effort a strong national union of this craft 
can be formed. Let the Painters Unions of Boston, 
New York, Cincinnati, Chicago, St.Louis and other 
cities start up a correspondence on this subject. 



NEW UNIONS. 

Charters granted to seven new unions during 
the past month as follows : 137, Norwich, 

Conn. ; 138, Cambridge, Mass. ; 139, Glovers- 
vllle, N. Y,; 140, Salem, Mass.; 141, Northampton, 
Mass.; 142, Pittsburgh, Pa.; and No. 12, North St. 
Louis, Mo. In a dull season like the present when 
so many cari>enters are idle, it is hopeful and 
significant to find our Brotherhood, growing at 
its present rate. Since our last convention we have 
admitted 92 new unions and 42 of these were ad- 
mitted since last August. This shows how rapidly 
we are “busting up.” . 



WEIGH WELL THESE WORDS ! 

The greatest danger with new unions 
is that they are prone to engage in reck- 
less strikes. When the men get together 
and see a crowd they are apt to be 
carried away by false notions of their 
own power,— they imagine all they have 
to do is to make a demand, and by the 
very size of their own numbers they can 
carry it through. 

No greater mistake can be made ! 

And the men only realize it after they 
have gone on such a strike when they 
find they need funds, discipline and 
experience as well as numbers. 

The possession of all these elements 
enables the Brotherhood of Locomotive 
Engineers to win victory after victory; 
the want of these elements resulted in 
the defeat of the Telegraphers, though 
backed by the Knights of Labor. 

To our members we say: Avoid strikes, 
wait, have patience, organize more 
thoroughly, discipline your forces. When 
you move, let it not be too early in thg 
season — May first, is early enough — then 
if you go for more pay, go for 25 cents 
more at a time. Don’t be too greedy or 
you may get beaten. Don’t publish any 
notice of your demands in the daily 
papers, or it will flood your city with 
idle men — not alone that, it discourages 
building. The better plan is to send out 
a committee, canvass the sentiment of 
your employers, reason with them and 
by moderate demands and sensible action 
you can win them over. If you can’t 
send out a committee then mail them a 
circular letter, — but a committee is the 
most preferable. 

Weigh well these words, for the older 
unions of our Brotherhood know full 
well their importance ! 

Whenever you see or hear, reliably, of 
a man wire pulling for position, sit down 
on him ; for be assured he will never be 
of any benefit to your order. Select 
those whom you know to be competent, 
even if they do not go around smiling for 
your favor. “ A man may smile and 
smile, and be a villain still.” 



The Knights of Labor is an orga- 
nization with which our Brotherhood 
has no antagonism. We are not at war 
with it. On the contrary, many of our 
members belong to mixed assemblies of 
the Knights of Labor. Against that we 
have naught to say. We believe the K. 
of L. as an organization has a legitimate 
work to perform— and that is to organize 
all branches of unorganized labor that 
have no trade head of their own. But 
where there is a National or Internation- 
al Union of a trade, the men of that 
trade should organize under it. And in 
such cases the K. of L. should not inter- 
fere. When their Organizers do so, 
we believe they do so without authority. 
Next month we shall treat this subject 
more fully. 



There Is a firm in Chicago, with a 
large capital stock, making bricks from 
sawdust. The bricks are made of saw- 
dust and clay, subject to a great pressure; 
are burned as are ordinary bricks and 
rendered fire-proof. They are in size 
13x6x4 inches, and have two square inch 
holes lengthwise through their body, 
thus making them but little heavier than 
ordinary bricks, but extending over four 
times the amount of space. They are 
made to stand upright between the outer 
and inner coats of the wall, thus making 
the house warmer as well as fire-proof. 



CONGRESS^OF FEDERATED TRADES. 

As promised last month we now give 
a synopsis of the work done by the above 
body. 

The Federation of Trades met at 
Washington, D. C., Dec. 8, 1885 and held 
a four day’s session. The following In- 
ternational Unions were represented: 
Cigar Makers, Journeymen Tailors, 
English Printers, German Printers, Ca- 
binet Makers ; Granite Cutters, also the 
Brotherhood of Carpenters and the 
Trades Assemblies of Cincinnati, Chi- 
cago, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Wash- 
ington. These delegates represented a 
constituency of 280,000 men. 

The Brotherhood was ably represented 
by Bro. G. Edinonston, Washington, 
D. C., at the last moment his colleague 
Brother Thos. P. Doran, Chicago, Ilk, 
our regularly elected delegate was un- 
able to attend. Bro. J. W. Pugsley, Bal- 
timore, Md., was appointed to fill Vacan- 
cy, but likewise found it impossible to 
attend, consequently Bro. Kdmonston 
was our sole representative. 

Many important measures were con- 
sidered by the Congress, but the most 
important of all was the Eight Hour 
question. On this subject the opinions 
of the delegates were very harmonious 
in favor of the system; — the main quest- 
ion was: How to. carry it out? The re- 
solution came up providing that the 
Eight Hour system shall go into effect 
May 1st next. Two amendments were 
inserted. One provided that those or- 
ganizations which did not feel strong 
enough to put the rule into operation 
were not to be compelled to do so. The 
other provided that a thorough canvass 
be made in all trades for the purpose of 
securing their co-operation in carrying 
out the resolution. The best method of 
accomplishing the desired result was 
fully diseased. Some of the delegates 
favored a gradual change ; others held 
that the wages must be reduced with 
the hours ; others advocated a consul- 
tation with employers in order to secure 
united action. 

It was finally resolved that all orga- 
nizations represented shall report to the 
Secretary of the Federation, W. H. Fos- 
ter, on or before March 1st 1886, whether 
they will enforce the Eight-Hours or 
not, and in case they will, they are to 
report what steps they propose to take 
to gain the Eight Hours, and also in 
what condition they are to gain it. And 
it was further decided that those orga- 
nizations that do not make any move- 
ment to gain the Eight Hours shall, 
do all in their power, financially anti 
morally, to support those who do. It 
was further decided thatwith the move- 
ment for eight hours, the question of 
wages should be dropped, and only 
Eight Hours pay for Eight hours should 
be demanded. It was also agreed that 
all organizations deciding to make an 
Eight Hour movement on May first next 
shall make known the same to their em- 
ployers and give them opportunity and 
shall arrange to have a document or 
I agreement signed by them similar to 
that- on Page 3 of this journal, 

[At this point it might be said for our 
Brotherhood that we must first await 
the action of our next Annual Conven- 
tion before we can decide to make a 
general strike for eight hours and mean- 
while we can prepare for the same and 
support those trades which decide to 
make the movement, for in their success 
is our success.^' 

Many other matters of importance 
were acted on by the Congress, but for 
full and complete particulars we advise 
our members to read the official report, 
published in pamphlet form by thq Se- 
cretary, Those of our unions desiring 
copies" of said report— price 10 cents per 
copy— can have the same by applying to 
this office and stating the number of co- 
pies they desire. 

— ^**-#*h* - 

Christianity is a religion of human- 
ity. Its social idea is industrial . If any 
will not work neither shall he eat. Even 
the monk in his better days, consecrated 
labor by working with his hands; and if 
aristocratic idleness has intruded into 
Christendom, it is anti-christian, as well 
as anti-industrial. No Christian who 
knows the gospel can possibly believe 
that it warrants him in living uselessly 
by the sweat of another man’s brow. 
—Pro/. Goldwin Smith. 



ANOTHER CLERGYMAN WHO DISCERNS 
THE SITUATION. 

In a sermon at St. Paul, Minn., Rev. 
John D. Scudder used the following sig- 
nificant language. 

Plutocracy has taken root — there is 
no sympathy between the rich and poor ; 
it is every man for himself, and busi- 
ness is becoming unmitigated sel- 
fishness. Under the circumstances, it is 
hard for labor not to be envious when 
machinery, increased population and 
competition are combining to reduce its 
earnings. The speaker next adverted to 
the low wages paid, and the gradual con- 
centration of lands and wealth in 
the hands of the few, and capital finds 
opportunities for mental and material 
improvements which are not open to 
labor, which becomes a mere machine 
tender and automaton. The tendency 
is toward combinations of capital, great 
manufacturers and gigantic corporations, 
which make men hard-hearted and ava- 
ricious, and are becoming the curse of 
the age. A few firms control the entire 
export trade of the country, and the 
Standard Oil Company, owning 90 per 
cent of the entire production, doubles 
the price of kerosene at will; railway 
corporations are corrupting courts, escap- 
ing their share of taxation and discrimi- 
nations which put the wealth of 
live country in the hands of a 
few unscrupulous men. While their 
profits are counted by the millions, they 
make dastardly attempts to reduce the 
wages of their employes. In this the 
very structure of free government is im- 
periled. U nless a greater regared is paid 
to equity between man and man, these 
wrongs will be followed by vast combi- 
nation of labor, which are already organ- 
izing for self protection, and God will 
bring a swift Nemesis upon the country 
which x )erra if s such transparent and 
monstrous wrongs to exist. Labor is 
conscious of its power, and its lack of 
means is more than made up in numbers. 
While at present opposed to bloodshed, 
it will use force against force in bring- 
ing capital to terms. 



HIGH DUES. 

I read an article the other day on the 
question of dues in workingmens’ or- 
ganizations. In the many years that I 
have been a member of a Trades Union, 
my experience has been that no Union 
is successful that maintains a low rate 
of dues. Yet, even the little pittance 
that is paid in every month is too much 
in the minds of a good many members. 
They would like to see the Union protect 
them in their rights, get them good 
wages and siek and out-of-work benefits 
all for 10 cents a month. If the Union fails 
to do this, simply because it is impossible, 
then the growling is something terrible 
to listen to. 

Now, sir, I am one of those who be- 
lieve that “you will get just what you 
pay for” holds good as to Trade Unions 
as it does with other things. Pay plenty 
of money into the common fund, make 
your dues just as high “as the traffic w ill 
bear” and you will make the Unions 
effective, whether there be peace or war. 
A Union with a large fund, will command 
everybody’s respect and a manufacturer 
will think twice before he tackles it. 
The fear, not of the Unions so much, as 
of its money will keep him from doing 
injustice to the men belonging to it. And 
if there be a strike, in whose favor are 
the chances? Why, in favor of the Union 
every time. High dues will insure bene- 
fits, respect, confidence and good wages ; 
low wages will put the Union at the 
mercy of every boss and of every growl- 
ing and disloyal member. No one cares 
for a thing that is practically useless. 

Look at the cigar-makers ; of late they 
have won nearly every strike, and why? 
Because their emergency fund is never 
less than $60,000. They pay nearly as 
much per week as other Unions pay per 
month, and they are going to pay still 
more in the future. A Union with 
high dues is one of the best kind of 
savings banks we know of and the quicker 
Trade association find this out, the better 
it will be for their welfare. 

Mechanic ’ a Jmurna l . 
-# ♦ » — - — ■ — 

Contentions and quarrels over local 
differences of opinions, and long debates 
over trifles, is the way to kill an organi- 
zation.— Granite Cutter's Journal. 






’ 



the ojlirip eist te is 



5 




THE EASTERN STATES. 



MAINE. 

Portland.— Bro. F. L. Chaffin, formerly Fin 
Sec. of Union 87, St. Paul, Minn., is at work or- 
ganizing a union. Trade stagnant. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 

Manchester.— Quiet; wages $1.50 to 02.50. 
Many idle. Union 118 holds meetings on the first 
and third Thursdays, gaining all the time. Pros- 
pects good for next season. Bro. Wyatt will or- 
ganize Concord. 



RHODE ISLAND. 

Providence. —Dull; wages $1.25 to 02.50. Union 
94 gaining slowly. Pawtucket and Westerly are 
arranging to organize unions. 

Central Falls. — Jonathan Chase, U. S. Sena- 
tor from this* State, is making extensive repairs at 
his mills in Valley Falls, and while carpenters’ 
wages äre 82,25 to 82.50, Senator Chase employs 
cheap carpenters at 02 per day. This man prates 
in Congress about “Protecting American Labor.” 



CONNECTICUT. 

A Correspondent in Hartford, Conn, suggests 
that all the Carpenters’ Unions in the State should 
club together this coming Summer and have a 
grand excursion to the seaside— say to Savin Rock, 
on Long Island Sound, near New Haven, Conn. 
Special excursion rates could bo secured from the 
various railroad companies, and with a little effort 
a large family gathering of thousands could be 
brought together. No other section of the country 
offers such a chance for a monster excursion and 
to spend a pleasant day at very small cost. It 
would be the means of bringing many non-union 
men into the fold, and it would stir up the State 
pretty thoroughly. The unions in Hartford, New 
Haven, Bridgeport, Meriden, New Britain, An- 
sonia, Danbury, Waterbury, Norwich, Springfield, 
Holyoke and Northampton could all take part. It 
is proposed that these unions correspond with each 
other on the subject. • 

New Britain. — Union 97 is steadily growing and 
great harmony prevails among our members. Trade 
dull; work almost closed upon account of weather. 
On Dec. 30, Union 97 had a debate on labor topics. 
We are arranging with the contractors for $2.25 
per day as the lowest standard, and 8 hours as a 
day’s work on Saturday with full pay, also that 
that none but union men shall be hired. 

Hartford. — A great many idle carpenters here, 
both union and non-union men. Work is very 
slack. Prospects for the coming spring are ex- 
cellent. Union 43 picking up steadily and will 
make a stir in the spring. We may be proud of 
our work. We have a good treasury— nearly 89 
per head for each member. Our last sociable was 
a complete success. 

Norwich.— Dull; wages 81.50 to $2.50. Fully 
250 carpenters here— 50 out of work. Union 137 
doing well. We are endeavoring to organize New 
London, Conn. 

Waterbury.— Very dull; wages 81.75 to 82.50. 

Anson ia. — Picking up; wages $1.75 to 82.50. 

New Haven.— Trade showing signs of activity, 
prospects splendid; wages 25 eents per hour, some 
at 18 and 20 cents. Union 126 mailing appeals to 
all carpenters to join us. 

Meriden.— Very quiet; Union 49 doing nicely. 

Bridgeport.— Many idle; some bosses have dis- 
charged good men to hire cheap hands at 81.50 per 
day. Prospects good. 

Danbury.— S lack, city full of men; travelers 
better stear clear of Danbury. Wages 81.75 to 
82.50. Union 121 in splendid trim — will hold a 
ball on Feb. 22. 



MASSAC HUSETTS. 

Worcester Business at nearly a standstill and 
some bosses have run their jobs with the cheapest 
help. Union 93 in good trim. Initiation fee now 
is $3. We will hold a grand entertainment on 

Feb. 22. 

Springfield. — Union 96 now meets on Monday 
nights, we have grown so much that wo have had 
to move to a larger hall. Our initiation fee has 
also been raised to 82. Trade not very brisk. 

Holyoke. — Trade fair, very few union men out 
of work; prospects fair for next season. On one 
large job the foreman is a union man and won’t 
hire only union men. 

Northampton. — Union 141 was organized here 
by Bro. ,1. Dalrymple of Holyoke, aided by Bros. 
T. A. Davis, G. 0. and E. E. Bartlett andO. S. 
Avery— all of Union 93, 

Lawrence.— Dull; prospects fair. Wages $1.60 
■ to 82.25, a number idle, union men all at work. 

Union ill progressing richly, 
j Somerville, E. Cambridge and Chelsea.— 
I Unions doing well. Trade dull. 

T Brockton.— Union 130 meets now every Wod- 
; nesday night. Many men out of work as the shoe- 
maker’s strike makes ail trades dull. Union 130 
I doing well. 

Beverly.— Union 133 meets on the first and third 
Saturdays, and it is booming along. Bros. A. A. 
Chase, J. H. Hood, W. A. Hilton and H. N. Jones 
of Union 112, Lynn, Mass., installed our offieors 
and put this union in working order. 

I Lynn. — U nion 112 is in good shape, new mem- 

[ berg are coming in at the rate of five to ten every 
Week. Our members arc solid and the bosses are 

I favorable to the union; wages 82.25 to 82.75. Trade 
j 'nedium. 

Haverhill.— Quiet; wages 20 to 25 cents per 
hour. Mo^t union men employed. Prospects 
J Rood. On Jan. 12 we had a visit from members 
j °f Lawrence Union 111. Bro. Dwiro is working 

I I Jjp Lowell, and has organized a Painters’ Union in 
I this city on our basis. 

Boston.— Union 33 is making every effort to or- 
ganize the surrounding towns and with good sue- 
? e «s. Bros. Shields, Clinkard and Davidson are 
, Sard, energetic workers in getting new unions. 

-they deserve great credit for their self-sacrificing 
f\ efforts. Trade dull; wages $2.25 to 82.50. Pros- 
hccts good. Our sociables are well attended and 
v ery successful in drawing crowded houses. 



THE MIDDLE STATES. 



MARYLAND. 

Baltimore. — Trade dull on account of weather. 
Prospects for spring fair. 



NEW JERSEY. 

Newark.— Our public meeting was very suc- 
cessful. Trade dull. A certain boss, Prudcn by 
name, shop on Bank St-, it is said discharges every 
union carpenter that he discovers. But for all 
that Union 119 is growing. 

Trenton.— Trade dull; prospects fair. Carpen- 
ters here are “joined to their idols”— long hours 
and small pay. Union 31 holds herown. 



NEW YORK. 

Gloversville.— Trade middling. Union 139 has 
been organized in this city. 

Elmira.— Work has been very good last fall and 
this winter; wages 15 to 20 cents per hour. Pros- 
pects good. 

Onkonta.— Dull; wages 81.50 to $2.50. Many 
out of work. 

Amsterdam.— Union C has in view a movement 
to advance wages this spring, as they arc extremely 
low here. Our members are all in good spirits and 
mean to stick to the union. We propose to reduee 
the hours of labor. Bro. John Jess, died of Pneu- 
monia and Uryion 6 turned out in force to his 
funeral. He was only four months a member. 

Bing Hampton.— Times hard. Union 131 doing 
well and growing every meeting. Prospects good. 

Cohoes.— Very quiet; wages 81,25 to $2. Many 
idle. 

Syracuse.— Dull; 700 carpenters in town, 400 
idle; wages $1.25 to $2. Union 123 gaining all the 
time. “We have come to stay.” Prospects for 
spring good. 

Utica.— Trade flat. Union growing slowly. 

Rochester and Buffalo.— Trade reports too 
late, 

Troy. — Union 78 has passed a resolution that 
any member found using any mill work, except 
sash, blinds, doors and molding, shall be fined 85 
for first offense, 810 for second offense and expul- 
sion for third offense. A schedule of what work 
shall be done in the mills will be presented to sign 
it and those not signing it will be boycotted. We 
have decided to fix the rate of wages at 26 cents 
per hour for 8 hours per day after May 1st. Work 
dull; outlook favorable. 

New York.— T he nine lodges in this city of the 
United Order of American Carpenters and the five 
of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters have 
decided on a nine hour work day and eight hours 
on Saturdays. They also resolved that men shall 
be paid their wages on Saturdays and on the work, 
or time shall be allowed to get to the firm’s office 
or shop. They have fixed on Monday, March 8th, 
as the time to enforce these resolutions. No 
trouble is expected. 

Complaint is made that the Board of Education 
of this city has its carpenter work in the public 
schools done by the cheapest labor in the market. 
The consequence is that the same work has to be 
done every year, and, it is claimed, the lives of 
the children are endangered.* A committee of the 
United Order was appointed to lay the matter be- 
fore the Board. The House Framers have been 
pushing the eight hour agitation vigorously, but 
inasmuch as their trade in Brooklyn and Jersey 
City is still working the ten hour system, the 
framers of this city do not feel quite safe in in- 
augurating the eight, hour system, though last 
spring they established the nine hour rule and have 
carried it out. 

PENNSYLVANIA . 

Germantown.— Trade dull. Union 122 firm; 
the members however need to stir themselves a 
little more. 

Pittsburg. — Union 142 organized here and has a 
staunch corps of members. The G. S. spoke here 
on Feb 13. 

Philipsburg anp Chester. — No report. 

Philadelphia.— Union 8 is in splenJid condi- 
tion; interest in the meetings is greater than ever. 
The 8 hours is the leading subject and we are sure 
of the support of non-union men as well as of the 
organized trades. Trade dull owing to bad weath- 
er. City full of idle carpenters, so stay away from 
this city. We have sent a circular to our bosses on 
the 8 hours and we propose to reestablish the office 
of Walking Delegate. 



THE SOUTHERN STATES. 



WEST VIRGINIA. 

Wheeling— Very bad; wages $1.25 to $2.50. 
Union 3 growing steadily; meetings well attended 
and members deeply interested. We hope to or- 
ganize a council of building trades this spring. 



VIRGINIA. 

Richmond.— Union 132 is in working order and 
gaining. Trade very dm) on account of bad 
weather. Wages $1.25 to $2.50. 

Norfolk.— A carpenter’s union will soon he or- 
ganized here and in Lynchburg, too. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Durham.— Wages $1 to $1.50 per day— 9 to 9 l A 
hours per day in winter; in summer 11 to 11 'A 
hours per day. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Charleston. — Vory dull; few men at work on 
account of cold spell. Union 52 growing and mem- 
bers are all zealous and attentive. 



ALABAMA. 

Montgomery.— The prospect is good for a Car- 
penter’s Union in this city. The contractors think 
it would be the best move that was ever made, for 
they claim that by union among the men they can 
get better prices and pay better wages. Bro. E. 
8. Haxton, formerly of Union 79, Richmond, Jnd., 
of smothered here in a shop on fire, trying to save 
is tools— he was not in benefit. 

Mobile. — Union 89 reports that the severe cold 
weather this winter shut down most of the work, 
but prospects are fair. Bro. Robert Walker has 
been missing since Jan. 24; he went in the Bay 
hunting and nothing has been heard of oim since. 
All efforts to find him have failed. Union 92 re- 
ports that its meetings are every first and third 
Tuesday atS. W. eor. of Water and Francis sts. 
Trade dull. 



GEORGIA. 

Thomasvillk— Union 106 reports most of its 
members have gone down to Florida to work as 
work is very dull in Thomasville. Prospects not 
very encouraging for spring trade. Our members 
should stir themselves more to take interest in the 
union. 

Brunswick. — Union 40 reports trade dull; pros- 
pects good, much new work talked of. Wages 
$1.50 to »2.25. 

Union 134 reports work very dull and union 
improving. Many here afraid they will starve if 
they join. We are teaching them otherwise. 



FLORIDA. 

Pensacola.— Union 74 is initiating quite a num- 
ber of new members though trade is dull, so is 
Union 127 doing excellently. Union 74 has 
changed its meeting nights to the second and 
fourth Monday of the month. Many transient 
“Chips” looking for work. Mill men, contractors 
and journeymen carpenters have entered into an 
agreement which will appear in next month’s 
journal. 

Ocala.— A Carpenter’s Union is being worked 
up in this city. 



TEXAS. 

Galveston.— V ery dull, .prospects good, union 
men fairly employed; wages $2.25 to $2.75. A 
hard time for strangers, 

Houston. — Dull. Union 66 fair. 



TENNESSEE. 

Memphis.— Union 40 has adopted a rule to have 
an open meeting once a month, and Jan. 23 we had 
a crowded house. Wages $2 to $3. Trade dull. 
Some seabs have come in from abroad, but home 
labor is preferred. Bro. Jas. McCormack died 
leaving five helpless children. He was not en- 
titled to general benefit, but Union 40 aided in the 
funeral. Prospects for spring work good. We are 
strongly in favor of eight hours and have with us 
many of the contractors. Our hardware men at 
the request of our committee refuse to handle boy- 
cotted nails. Union 114 is in good shape. 



LOUISIANA. 

New Orleans.— Seven-eighths of the men idle. 
Prospects excellent. Union 76 believes in electing 
local officers for one year instead of six months, as 
semi-annual elections upset the unions too much. 
Wages $1.75 to $3. Piece work rules and the 
unions hero are making every effort to undermine 
it. Union 37 reports trade dull and union men 
fairly employed. Prospects very bright. 



THE PACIFIC STATES. 



CALIFORNIA. 

San Rafael— Times very dull, t ough if re- 
ports prove true, the prospects far the coming sea- 
son are very favorable. 

Los Angeles.— Trade slack; wages $2.50 to $3. 
Out of 450 carpenters in town fully 125 ar* 
idle. Carpenters are pourin in from all 
parts. The second anniversary of Union 56 will 
be held in March. The • have commenced to re- 
duce the force of carpenters on the Raymond 
Hotel. 

Oakland* — Dull; wages $2 to $3 for 9 hours a 
day. 400 carpenters in Oakland and over 200 un- 
employed. 

; an Francisco.— Business is dull; prospects fair 
for spring. Wages from $1 .25 to S3, and hundreds 
can’t get work at any price. Traveling chips 
should stay far away from California, and this 
city is suffering more than any other, Union 22 
is gaining new members constantly and meets 
every Friday evening at Odd Fellows’ Building, 
cor. 7th and Market. 

Alameda.— We have had very wet weather and 
plenty of rain. Union men all at work and mem- 
bers of Union 47 take more interest than ever. A 
good many non union men idle. 



DOMINION OF CANADA. 



ONTARIO. 

St. Catherines.— Trade worse than dull; most 
of our members idle— the rest working out of town ! 
Wages, 81.75 to $2. We are negotiating for a hall 
to be occupied jointly by the trades unions of this 
city. More interest is now taken in our movement. 

Guelph.— B usiness flat; wages tending down- 
ward— 15 to 18 cents an hour the average, and 8 
hours a day the rule. Why not have it the whole 
year round? 

Hamilton. — Very "slack; wages $1.25 to 82 for 8 
hours work. A great number idle. Stay away 
from here. The Western B. is organized to help 
poor men to get homes— what shells? And wages 
for building them “won’t buy salt for porridge.” 

Ottawa— Arrangements are fully perfected to 
apply for a charter under the Brotherhood, and a 
Carpenters’ Union will soon be one of the institu- 
tions in this city. 

St, Thomas.— Dull; prospects not bright. Union 
men all at work; wages, $1.25 to $1.75 for 9 hours. 
The general sentimont here favors the nine hour 
system. 235 carpenters in town and about 50 at 
work. 

Toronto.— Trade prostrate; many idle; no in- 
dication of any large jobs this coming season. 
Some bosses have been employing sailors for car- 
penters because they are cheap, and union brick- 
lay ersivork on the job and permit it. We ought 
to have a council of the Building Trades. The 
short hour movement is stirring up. Bricklayers 
will work 9 hours per day the year round and quit 
at noon Saturdays during the summer months. 
The plasterers are discussing the subject, and the 
cigar makers will inaugurate the 8 hours. The 
clergymen are taking up the short hour cause and 
the Mayor of the city has declared he will take the 
platform with the workingmen to support the 
issue. The carpenters are likewise stirring them- 
selves but the feeling properly enough is to build 
up the union and move cautiously, so as to avoid 
strikes. • 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

Halifax.— This was the dullest winter for years. 
One or two firms got work for okl hands, outside 
of that there is very little to do. Nevertheless we 
are gaining new members and our members are 
paying up even better than in busy times. 



DEATH ASSESSMENTS. 



No. 75.— Mrs. Theresa Edwards, aged 55, wife 
of Bro. Admiral Edwards, initiated Jan. 16, 1885, 
Union 57, Savannah, Ga., died of Dropsy aiid 
Bright’s Disease, Oct. 30, 1885, Papers received 
Jan. 5,1886. Completed Jan. 15. 1886. Approved 
Jan. 23, 1886 Paid Feb. 4, 1886. 



No. 76.— Mrs, Ella E. Ward, aged 34, wife of 
Bro. E. L. Ward, inittiated May 7. 1885, Union 101, 
Oneonta, N. Y., died of Pneumonia, Jan, 8, 1886 
Papers received Jan. 15, 1886. Approved Jan. 23, 
1886. Paid Feb. 4, 1886. 



No. 77.— Charles G. King, aged 42, initiated 
Aug. 6, 1880, Union 9, Buffalo, N. Y,, died of Frac- 
tured Skull by falling plank of scaffold breaking, 
Jan. 19, 1886. Papers received Jan. 25, 1886. Ap- 
proved Feb. 5, 1886. Paid Feb. 6, 1886. 

Notice. — Though this is the most trying season 
of the year for carpenters, yet we are proud to say 
that the Local Unions are responding loyally and 
promptly to the call for Assessments 73 and 74, and 
by this tinie the greater part of the unions have 
paid it. This places us in such a position that now 
we have the cash on hand to pay any legal claim 
the venr next day after it is approved. All honor 
to our Local Unions! 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. 

Siuee the publication of our last batch of ac- 
knowledgements, we have received the proper ac- 
knowledgements and receipts from the Local 
Unions named for the following benefits, in the 



amounts here stated; 

No. 71, Geo. If. Dobbs, Baltimore, Md $250 00 

No. 72, Jas. Drayton, Charleston, S. C.. 250 00 

No. 73, J. L. Baker, (Disputed). 

No. 74, J. R. McHenry, NewOrlcans 250 00 

No. 75, Mrs. Edwards, Savannah, Ga 50 00 

No. 76, Mrs. Ella Ward, Oneonta, N. Y.. 50 00 

No. 77, Chas. G. King, Buffalo, N. Y, 250 00 



Total. $1100 00 



CARDS OF THANKS. 

I take pleasure in thanking Union No. 29, 
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, for the 
promptness with which the 8250 was paid to me 
which I was entitled to upon the death of my hus- 
band, who was a member of said union. 

Respectfully, Mrs. Mary Jane Dobbs. 



Please allow me a space in your valuable journal 
to return my sincere thanks to the Executive 
Board for their prompt settlement of the claim on 
the death of my husband, James Drayton; also 
thanking very much the members of Union 52, of 
which he was a member, for the most thoughtful 
help and kindness they have exhibited toward me 
in time of distress, lours respectfully, 

Mrs. Maria Drayton. 



BLACK LIST. 

Joseph Deval.— Expelled from Union No. 101. 
Oneonta, N. Y., for defrauding fellow members 
and for bad conduct. 



WHEN YOU BUY NAILS LOOK AT THIS 
LIST. 



The Nailers’ Association thanks our Brother- 
hood for the noble assistance our Local Unions are 
rendering in boycotting “scab” nails. So keep up 
the good fight, brother carpenters, and when you 
buy naits don’t buy “scab nails” and help reduee 
wages from 25 to 40 per cent, for nail workers. 
Buy none but union nails. The following eight 
mills are UNION MILLS: 



Waugh’s Nail Works, Belleville, Til. 
Bellaire Nail Works, Rellaire, O. 
Grcencastle Nail Works, Greencnstle, Ind. 
Centralia Nail Works, Central ia, III. 

New Castle Nail Works, New Castle, Pa. 
Sharon Nail Works, Sharon, Pa. 

Pueblo Nail Works, Pueblo, Col. 

Omaha N«il Works. Omaha, Neb. 



SCAB MILLS: 



Wheeling Nail Works, Wheeling, W. V». 
Belmont Niiil Works, “ “ 

Riverside Nail Works, “ “ 

La Belle Nail Works, 

Benwood Nail Works, “ “ 

Laughlin Nail Works, “ “ 

Bellcfont Nail Works, Ironton, 0. 

Kelly Nail Works, “ 

Jefferson Iron Works, Steubenville, O. 

Terre Hitute Iron and Nail Co., Terre Haute, Ind. 
Norton Nail Works, Asblund, Ky. 

Western Nail Works, Belleville, Til. 

Cummings Nail Works, Chicago, III. 

DON’T BUY SCAB NAILS! 



TRUE AS GOSPEL. 

Johnstown, Pa— Something must be done by the 
carpenters or we might as well take the pick and 
shovel at once, for scarcely does a man go into a 
shop that is running from fifteen to twenty men 
that out of that number perhaps only one or two 
are fit to take charge of the plainest kind of a job, 
saying nothing of a diftioult one. But the un- 
skilled man is getting as much wages as the one 
that has given years of time and hard study to 
know his trade. 1 find no fault with the boss for 
getting his work done as cheap as he can, but I 
want a distinction in wages between the skilled 
and the unskilled. If one man is worth four dol- 
lars a day pay it to him, and if the other is worth 
two dollars give it to him. 1 don’t think it fair to 
put the 84 man down to 82, and the wages of ono 
no more than the other, and the poor mechanic 
borrowing the others' brains and tools to help him 
get his 82. There is far too much of that in shops, 
and unless wc organize ourselves together in some 
kind of a union wc will in a short time be as serfs, 
to bo used by the contractors or company as they 
see fit. There was a contractor in this place last 
winter who put up a largre rink, 1 asked him onoe 
what wages he was paying his men ; he said 12 
cents per hour, and made the remark that he 
could get plenty of men at that price, and with 
such men as that be got his rink under roof, but, 
thank God, it fell down, but hurt no one. 1 hen it 
was condemned by the city, and it cost him 82,000 
more to get out than his contract called for. 
That is the way that cheap labor turns out, with 
some disaster to life or property. 

R, M. Laird. 







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THE O^.TBH=E2Sra?H!Ee. 



Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners 



OF AMERICA. 



Established August 12 th, 1881. 



(Incorporated under the laws of the State of Ohio.} 
OUR OBJECTS. 

The objects of our Brotherhood are: To rescue 
the Carpenter trade from the low level to which it 
has fallen, and by mutual effort to raise ourselves 
to that position in society to which we arc justly 
entitled; to cultivate a feeling of friendship 
among the craft, and to elevate the moral, intel- 
lectual and social condition of ail journeymen 
carpenters. 

It is furthermore our object to assist 
each other to secure employment, to furnish aid 
incases of death or permanent disability, and 
for mutual relief and other benevolent purposes. 

The general benefits are: $250 Death Benefit; 
$250 Disability Benefit, and $50 in case of a wife's 
death. And these benefits are secured and paid 
by a system of Mutual Insurance at cost. 

In trade disputes or strikes the entire power and 
fmanoial reserve of the Brotherhood, is concen- 
trated on the support of the union in trouble. 

Our local unions assist members distress and 
to obtain work, pay benefits in ense of sickness 
and other mishap, and they also sue for wages 
wherever any boss attempts to defraud a workman. 
And in traveling, a mem bar of one union is a 
member of all other unions wherever he goes, 
without further initiation or fees. 

We are not a secret organization, only so far as 
each union may deem necessary for the protection 
of its members. Wc have no oaths — only a simple 
pledge of honor. 

Seven men, who are house carpenters, and join- 
ers, f good moral character and sound health, 
and who can command the average wages can or- 
ganize a local union. 

The cost of a charter and outfit is- $5. Applica- 
tion for a charter must state names, ages and resi- 
dences of the charter members. 

For further particulars Apply to « 

P. J, McGuire, Gen'l Secretary. 
Lock Box 180. Cleveland, Ohio. 



STANDING RULES. 



. OUR RULE OF ACTION. 

Whereas. The opinion prevails generally that 
Trades Unions encourage shirking and teach men 
to do as little work as possible, fsj 

Resolved. That we hold it as a sacred principle, 
that Trades Union men above all others should set 
a good example as good and faithful workmen, 
honorable in the performance of their duties to 
their employers. 

SISTER UNIONS. 

W hf.reas. Our Brotherhood is organized for the 
advancement of the interests of the carpenters 
everywhere, and as the interests of all carpenters 
are identical, 

Resolved, That we sympathize with all sister or- 
ganizations of our trade, and are ever ready ar- 
monize and cooperate with them for our o f _ com- 
mon good. 

RESOLUTIONS. 

We reoogxtzk that the interests of all classes of 
labor are identical regardless of occupation, nat- 
ionality, religion or color, for a wrong done to one 
is a wrong done to all. 

We hold a reduction of hours for a days work 
increases the intelligence and happiness of the 
laborer, and also increases the demand for labor, 
and the price of a day's work. , 

We object to prison contract labor because it 
puts the criminal in competiton with honorable 
labor for the purpose of emting down wages; and, 
also, because it helps overstock the labor market, 

GENERAL OFFICERS. 

Office of General Secretary— 97 Ontario 
St., Cleveland, O. 

\ fGeiieral-President— J. F. Billingsley, 322 13th St. 
8. W. Washington, D. C. 

General-Secretary— P.J. McGuire, Lock Box 180 
Cleveland, O. 

General-Treasurer — Ignatius Bodigheimer, 411 
Scoville Ave., Cleveland, 0. 

Vice-Presidents. 

1st Vice-President— R. Stephens, 937 Campbell St., 
W. Oakland, Cal. 

2d Vice-President— W, J. Shields, Cheshire St., 
Jamaica Plains, Boston, Mass. 

3d Vice-President— G us. Brethauer, 16 Grant St., 

incinnati, 0. 

4th Vice-President— F. E. Raines, 16 Bogard St.» 
Charleston, S, C. 

5th Vice-President— Thos. Jones, Orient House, 
State and Van Buren Sts., Chicago, 111. 

6th Vice-President — C. W. Green, 1613 Burt St., 
Omaha. Neb. 

7th Vice-President— James Stewart, 129 Sumach 
Street, Toronto, Canada. 

8th Vice-President — Wm. F. Eberhardt, 2903 
Diamond St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Executive Board. 

J. C. Larwill, 1175 First Ave.; II, X. Fisher, 41 
William St.; II. J. Bailey, 6 Guthrie St.; E. 
Taylor, 52 Bank St.; W. B. Ketteringham, 3 
Crown St. (All resident in Cleveland, O.) 



LOCAL SECRETARIES. 

(The following List of Corresponding and Fin&n 
«i&i Secretaries of Carpenter« Local Unions is pub- j 
lished for the general information of our member* 
and particularly for the benefit of our traveling 
brothers. The Financial Secretaries are denoted 
by a*. In the majority of Unions the two offices ! 
are combined.) | 

Akron, 0.— Archie McAlonon, 122South Maple St. i 

♦Austin Hutchinson, 801 E. Exchange St. . 

Alameda Cal.— J ohn Larkin, Box 16.— John J. 
Boyle. 1 



Albany, N. Y.— Wendel Hans, 216 Morton St. 
Alleghany City, Pa. — T hos. Cummings, 13 Lom- 
bard St. 

Amsterdam, N. Y.— *C, W. Powell, Box 221,— 
Hugh Van Heusen. 

Augusta, Ga. — Thos. P. Lewis, 418 Broad St. 
Ansonia, Conn.— G. N. Boyd, Box 801.— *J. W. 
Eunis, Box 569. 

Baltimore, Md— *H. W. Ilale, 56 Courtland St.— 

I. B. Aylsworth, 8 Robert St. 

Battle Creek, Mich.— J, R. Hall, Box 904. 
Bella irk, 0.— C. S. Shuttloworth. 

Benicia, Cal.— J. H. Ostello. 

Beverly, Mass.— W. J. Collins, Box 920. 
Binghampton, N Y.— W. F. Hulse, 79 Oak St. 
Boston, Mass.— *L eo McAuley, 30 Boylston Ave., 
Jamaica Plains.— J. C. Doyle, 80Walthara St. 
Bridgeport, Conn.— F. J. Meyer, 184 South Ave. 
Brockton, Mass.— *E dw. Shattuek, 538 Main St.— 
Fremont Young, 102 Green St. 

Brooklyn, N. Y.— A. Turnbull, 63 Lawrence St. 
Brunswick, Ga.— (C olored) Union 42.— L. P. Pink- 
ney, No. 86, corner Emat and H. St. 
Brunswick, Ga.— U nion 134.— Chas. L. Steiner. 
Buffalo, N. Y.— C. J. Roth, 726 Broadway. 
Cambridge, Mass.— 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa.— 0. J. Fitz, 875 Sixteenth 
Ave. and First West.— *Paul Ilainey. 
Chanute. Kan. — J. K. Whiteside, Box 96. 
Charleston, S. C.— *J. F. Drayton, 20 Strawberry 
Lane, Rutledge Ave. 

Chelsia, Mass— G. D. Mitchell, 144 Chestnut St. 
Robt. J. Robinson. 

Cheyenne, Wyom. Ter.— J.C. Wheelon, Box 2287. 
Chicago, III.— R. Chirpe, 295 N. Franklin St. 

Braxch 2— J. Rastel. 3519^ CottageGroveAre. 
Cincinnati, O. — *C. A. Rockwood, 502 State Ave. 

Aug. J. Brethauer, 16 Grant St. 

Cleveland, 0.— Pat’k Freeman, Newell St., cor. 
Branch, S. S. 

Cohoes, N. Y.-Wm. Durrant, Box 99. 
Columbus, O. — *C. M. Omithers, 232 N. High St. 
Council Bluffs, Ia.— S. S. Shepard, 121 Platner. 
Covington, Ky. — M. Wagner, 195 East 13th St. 
Danbury, Conn. — *S. L, Sheldon, Box 700. — Wm. 

B. Wright. 

Dayton, 0.— D. J. Madden, cor. Johnson and Per- 
rine Sts. 

Decatur, III.— ♦J. F. Reynolds, 968 N.Morgan St. 
Denver, Col.— E. E. Rice, 23 Colfax Ave. 
DesMoines, Ia.— ' W. D. McKinney. 504 Laurel St. 

*J. A, Lamborn, 1927 High St. 

Detroit. Mich.— *F. A. Mellick— 0. C, Mellick. 
133 Catherine St. 

Eau Claire, Wis.— R. N. Moody, 720 1st Ave. 
Englewood, III.— Wm. Trotter, Box 100. 
Evansville, Ind. — ♦J. J. Schoettlin, 927 Franklin 
Fall River, Mass.— P. Doyle, 42 Mason St. 
Galveston, Tex.— Geo. J. Uarthar, O X A St. near 22. 

P. J. Callan, Market and 29th St. 
Germantown, Pa.— C. S. Taylor, 228 Centre St. 

VValter Bowditch, High St. 

Glovers Villen N. Y.— S. S. Chase, Box 347. 

Grand Rapids, Mich.— *G. E. Fletcher, 36 Pack- 
ard St. 

Guelph, Can.— D avid Adam. Wellington St. 
Halifax Nova Scotia.— A lex. Northup, 6 Birm- 
ingham St. _ 

Hamilton, Can. — E. Hancock, 241 Bay St., N. 
Hammond, Ind.— F. Hohman. 

Hartford, Conn.— J. A. M. Bell, 9 Thrall St. — 
♦Frank Brydon. 63 Dean St. 

Hastings, Mich. — *Miles Main— F. M. Myers. 
Haverhill, Mass. — G eo. A. Robinson, 45 M&inSt.» 
Bradford, Maas. 

IIoi.yoke, Mass — Alfred Beaudone. 4 Potvin Ave. 
Houston, Tex.— *F ritz Klotz, San Jacinto St. 
Humboldt, III.— Aug, Krause, Box 287. 
Indianapolis, Ind.— J). E. Mogle, 415 West 2nd St. 
Jackson, Mich.— H. O. Jewell, 605 Park Ave.— *J. 
A. Gifford, 132 Wilson St.— A. L. Goldsmith, 
207 Greenwood Ave. 

Kansas City, Mo.— J. C. Egly, 1004 Julia St. 
Kensington. III.— C. Gibson, Box 130. 

Lawrence, Mass.— R. H. Rideout, 326 Broadway 
N. R. Dufrosne,626 Essex St. 

Leavenworth, Kan.— *J. Murray, 816 Ottawa St. 

, M. R. Coon, Stillings Addition. 

Los Angeles.Cal.— A. Vinette, Box 482. 
Louisville, Ky.— J. N. Eggers, 716 E. Market St. 
Lynn, Mass. — F. W, Reilly, 32 Adams St. — J. W. 
Haskell, 32 Park St. 

Manchester, N. H. — B. B. Aldrich, 806 Elm St. 

C. W. Powell, 58 Ash St. 

Martins' Ferry, Ohio.— * Frank Stewart, 
Massillon. Ohio.— *J as. G. Ralston, Box 335.— 
Geo. F. Peter, Box 722. 

Memphis, Tenn. — G. W. Baker. No. 7 Hotel St. — 
*E. S. Medearis, 179 Lindon St. 

Memphis, Tenn.— (C ol.)— C. W. Perry, 3 Ala Ave. 
Meriden. Conn. — It. P. Dooley, Box 73.'—*J. li. 

Calhoun, Deyton Place. 

Middletown, O. — P. S. Williamson. 

Milwaukee, Wis.— G. G. Suelfiohn, 741 Booth St. 
Minneapolis. Minn.— H. D. Elliott, 2527 Stcvans 
Ave.— *Thos. McCourt, 116 2nd St. South. 
Mobile. Ala.— Union 89 ( White ), — *ThoB. 
M. Medlin, New St. Francis St. 7th, East 
of Pine. 

Mobile, Ala.— Union 92. (Colored)— J. T. Heath* 
man, E. Broad St., near Congress St. 

Morris, *Minn. — P. A. McCarthy, Box 146. 
Muskegon, Mich.— *E. M. Kingsley, Box 462. 
Nashville, Tenn. — A, D. Shegog, 705 Fatherland. 
Newark, N\ J.— Geo. Winnett, 37 Camden St.— 
♦A. K. Olds, 180 Orchard St. 

New Albany, Ind— P. II* McKamey. 

New Britain, Conn — *Michael O’Neill, Box 373. 
C.S. Potter. Box 1194. 

New H aven, Conn.— W. T. Savage, 117 Park St. 
New York, N. Y.— Hugh McWhorrigan 141 East 
8th St* 

New Orleans, La.— Union 16, (Colored) A.C. Buil- 
lard, Locust near Josephine. 

New Orleans, La.— Union 76 (White)— Alexander 
Huhn, 262 Tehoupitoulas St. 

New Orleans, La.— U nion 37, (Upper DistrictW. 

J. Sullivan, Fulton St., near Harmony. 

New Tacoma, Wash. Ter— S. D. Garrison. 
Northampton, Mass. — C. L. Baines, Box 105. 
Norwich, Conn.— *C.W.Wakeman, 154 E.BroadSt. 

R. II. Arnold, 112 E. Broad St. 

Oakland, Cal.— *J. F. Gallin, 1419— 9th St.— John 
Peller, 97032st St. 

Omaha, Neb.— W. J, Reeves, South 13th and Vin- 

Oneonta, Co., N. Y. -C. L. Ward, Box 424. 

♦Frank Deuel, Box 456. 

Owosso, Mich.— Webb H. Barnes, Box 179. 
Parsons, Kan.— N. Gilmore, Box 711. 

Paterson, N. J.— Labor Standard Office. 
Pensacola, Fla.— Union 74, (White) **-R. H. 

Massey* Box 25. — *Thco. F. Urona, Box 723. 
Pensacola. Fla.— Union 127, (Colored).— *lienry 
Jordan.— Frank Ballard. , . „ , „ 

Philadelphia, Pa. — J ames Dey, 665 North 10th St. 

♦Con Thorn, 705 Lebanon St* 

Philipsburq, Centre Co., Pa.— J. D. Ritter. 



Pittsburgh, Pa.— J. C. Hutchinson, Cor. Ells- 
worth St. and Hilanrl Ave., East End. 
Portland, Oregon.— Gordon Smart, 213 Mont- 
mery St- 

Providence, R. I.— T. W. Walsh, 8 Codding St. 
Raleigh, N. C. — William Manely. 

Richmond, Ind.— C. E. Courtney ,95 Ft. Wayne Ave. 
Richmond, Va., J. II. Taylor, 1402 W. Broad St. 
Rochester, N. Y.— *Jos. Thoiss, 632 North St.— 

E. J. Thompson. Box 288. 

Rome, N. Y -Henry Oldfield. 

Rushville, Ind.— J. C. Gregg, Box 553. 

Sandusky, 0. -H. L. Schumacher, 1115 Madis on s 
San Bernardino, Cal.— L. E. Pake (Colton). 

San Francisco, Cal.— *N. L. Wandell, 2 Hayes St. 

T. C. Rowe, 2 Elizabeth St. 

San Rafael, Cal.— Stanley P. Moorhead, Box 677. 
St. Catherines, Can.—’ ♦James Carty. 

St. Joseph, Mo.— S. M. Carson, 1027 Francis St 
St. Louis, Mo.— Union 4, John Cook, 2249 Warren 
St. Louis, Mo.— Union 5, (German,) W. Gersten- 
berg, 317 Russell Ave. 

St. Louis, Mo.— Union 12— (•German)— Chas. Koff, 
2023 Salisbury St. 

St. Paul* Minn.— J. A. Johnson, 463 Robert St. 

♦Aug, J. Metzger, 417 Rondo St. 

St. Thomas, Can.— E. Cannon, 41 Kains St.— 
♦Horatio A. Osgood, Box 909. 

Salem Mass.— 

Santa Rosa, Cal.— J. Alex Thompson. 

Savannah, Ga.— *W. B. Jenkins, Gaston Street, 
betw. Robert and West Broad. 

Seattle, Wash. Ter, — James Sallee. 

Sbdalia, Mo.— L. F. McClure, 901 East 3d St. 
Somerville, Mass.— John J. Gegan, 11 Webster 
Ave., Cambridgeport — Jos. G. Clinkard, 
26 Mt. Pleasant St. 

South Bay City, Mich.— John) J. Curry— * James 
A. Brown, Box 129 W. Bay City. 
Springfield, Mass.— *Jos. E. Luther, 31 Liring. 

*W. J. Littlefield, Box 146. 

Springfield, Mo.— *Geo. Tate.— S. H. Gray bill, 
N. Springfield. 

Springfield, Ohio. — J. D. Reeder, 321 W. Liberty 
St.— ! *Wrn, E. Jones, 51 Race Sc. 

Syracuse, N. Y.— L«wis Frey. 43 John St. — *C.E. 
Palen, 127 S. Salina St. 

Thomasvillr, Ga.— Union 106,— C. C. Atkinson. 
♦Isaiah Dekle. 

Thomasvillr, G a. —Union 116, (Colored.) — R. W. 

Paine. _ „ . , 

Toledo, O. — Chas. W. Murphy, 528 Erie fet. 
Toronto, Can. — A. Graham, 9*5 Peter St, — W. II. 
Stevens, 55 Grange Ave,. 

Trenton, N. J. — *Geo. It. Dafter, 250 Jackson St. 
Troy, N. Y. — *A. Anderson, Box 145, — E. J. Lake, 
Lock Box 99. 

Utica, N. Y.— E. B. Palmer, 47 Columbia St. 
Vicksburg, Miss.— E. N. Reynolds, care of C. C. 
Reynolds & Co. 

Victoria, Brit. Col. — G. D. Roper, Box 323. 
Washington, D. C.— W. H. Altvater, 1006 Virginia 
Ave.— *P. L. O’Brien, Metropolitan Hotel. 
Watkrbury. Conn,— *Chas. Friedel, 194 Bank St.— 
J. W, Pilling, 81 Cherry St. 

Wheeling, W. Va. — W. W. Wood, 54 Virginia St. 

Edw'd L. Veith. 174 16th St. 

Wichita, Kan.— Frank Mark.— Geo. N, Mark, 
Box 184. 

Worcester. Mass.— ♦Jas. P. Elliot, 26 Pearl St,— 

F. H. Buxton, 86 Piedmont St. 



WORKING RULES OF INVERNESS CAR- 
PENTERS. 

For the information of our readers, 
to illustrate how well the carpenters of 
Great Britain control their own affairs, 
we publish the following rules of the 
carpenters of Inverness, Scotland : 

WORKING RULES. 

Rule I. Workmen to commence work 
at 6 a. m., and stop work at 5 p . m., re- 
serving two hours per day for meals, ex- 
cept on Saturday, when breakfast will 
be at the usual hour, but work will be 
stopped at 1 p. m. The first fortnight of 
November to be eight and a half hours 
per day, and to decrease half an hour 
each fortnight until the last fortnight of 
December when the hours will be seven 
per day ; the second fortnight of Janu- 
ary to be seven and a half hours per day, 
and increased half an hour each fort- 
night until the last week of February, 
when the hours will be nine per day. 
All time wrought more than nine hours 
per day to be paid time and a half, and 
after 1 p, m. on Saturday to be paid 
the rate of two hours for one. 



at 



Rule II. Workmen employed 
buildings during the 



TWO HUNDRED MILLION. 

Nothing is more difficult than for the 
human mind to fully grasp the idea of 
numerical immensity. Certain Aus- 
tralian tribes cannot count beyond ten. 
To other races low in intelligence twenty 
is the limit; toothers, a hundred. As 
we advance in civilization our mathe- 
matical comprehension broadens, yet it 
is doubtful if many of us really know 
what a hundred million is. The New 
York Times thus describes in terms of 
linear, square and cubic measurement 
the late Mr. Vanderbilt’s great fortune: 

If this sum of $200,000,000 were in 
standard silver dollars it would present 
such features as this: 

Put lengthwise, dollar after dollar, it 
would stretch a distance of 4,072 miles, 
making a silver streak from New York 
across the ocean to Liverpool. 

Piled up, dollar on dollar, it would 
reach a height of 355 miles. 

Laid flat on the ground the dollars 
would cover a space of sixty acres. 

The weight of this mass of silver 
would be 7,160 tons. 

To transport it would require 358 cars, 
carrying twenty tons each (this is the 
capacity of the strongest freight cars),* 
making a train just about two and a half 
miles long. 

On ordinary grades it would require 
twelve locomotives to haul this train. 
On roads of steep grkdes fifteen or twenty 
locomotives would be needed. 

In one-dollar bills this two-hundred- 
million-dollar fortune would assume 
such shape as this : 

The bills stretched lengthwise would 
ext ind 23,674 miles, or nearly the cir- 
cumference of the earth at the equator. 

Piled up one on another, close as 
leaves in a new hook, they would reach 
to a height of twelve miles* 

Spread out on the ground they would 
cover 746 acres, or nearly the whole sur- 
face of Central Park, "including ponds 
and reservoirs. 

A safe deposit vault to contain these 
bills would require to be 23 feet long, 22 
feet wide and 20 feet high. 



at out- 
side buildings during the months of 
November, December, January, and 
three weeks of February, shall work as 
much daylight as possible in a day, re- 
serving one hour per day for meals, not 
I working later than 5 p. m., and stopping 
on Saturdays at 1 p. m.; and must be 
I paid the same number of hours as the 
men working in the shop; and shall not 
be required to go to the shop in the 
mornings or evenings to make up time, 
nor to make up time by candle-light in 
buildings to correspond with the time 
w rought in the shop, unless such build- 
ings be properly enclosed by being 
roofed ami supplied with glass windows. 
No material to be carried to or from the 
shop during meal hours. 

Rule III. The extra allowance of 
wages for men working in the country 
to be at the rate of 3s. per week, and all 
traveling time and expenses incurred at 
the employers’ instance, going to or re- 
turning from such job, to be defrayed by 
the employers. Workmen at outside 
jobs within three miles of the Cross of 
Inverness to travel on the employers’ 
time and return on tlieir own. 

Rule IV. All workmen to be paid fort- 
| nightly, either at the job at the regular 
j time of dropping, or be allowed suffi- 
I cient time to travel to the shop for such. 
Rule V. It will be indispensably nec- 
essary that all apprentices to the trade 
shall serve a legally bound apprentice- 
ship for the term of five years, and shall 
he required to produce such identure or 
properly signed agreement of sufficient 
proof to certify that he has served the 
number of years specified in this rule. 

Rule VI. These by-laws shall from the 
date of signature, hereto attached, be 
binding on employers and employes, 
and shall not be departed from by either 
party, except bv mutual consent or by a 
duly circulated notice to that effect, 
that six months after date of said notice 
they shall not adhere to all or any par- 
ticular portion of them. 



Trades unions are a benefit to all de- 
cent employers. One of their chief aims 
is to establish and maintain a uniform 
scale of wages. Such a uniform scale 
rigidly enforced, prevents unscrupulous 
employers from cutting prices on pro- 
ducts, "for he cannot re-coup by robbing 
his workmen — and it is through cuts of 
this kind that the margin of profits in 
wares are unduly reduced and trade de- 
moralized.— Iftr. 

A Number of carpenters are coming to 
New Haven, Conn., and some of them 
have already arrived and are working 
here who will do their duty and estab- 
lish a union of the Brotherhood of Car- 
penters and Joiners of America. R 
seems strange that our fellow citizinB, 
the local carpenters, should leave it to 
i outsiders to do this important act rj 
, w hich, if accomplished years ago. would 
| have greatly benefited the craft. — Worr 
j ingmam Advocate. 

Tiros. B. Barry, of Haginaw, MR'ho 
has been acquitted in his trial for 4 ‘co»- 
I Hpiracy.” The evidence proved 
elusively that he had simply guided to 
■ mill men by w ise counsel in their ten 
I hour movement. 



TIEEIEj OABPB3Sra?B©. 



WENDELL PHILIPS ON EIGHT HOURS. 

Among those who have been foremost 
in advocating a reduction in the hours 
of labor, Wendell Philips name stands 
out the brightest. The following is a set 
of resolutions drafted by Mr. Phillips in 
1870, and which are as pertinent to-day 
as they were sixteen years ago— and the 
truth of these declarations ia far more 
generally realized: 

Resolved , That the labor movement 
is one which deals with principles lying 
at the root of democratic institutions; 
that it is therefore of national concern, 
deserving the most careful study, of every 
man; that its solution will tend to re- 
mould society, supplanting the old sys- 
tem of monopoly and fraud with the 
sway of justice. 

Resolved , That the material condition 
of the wage-laborer never can be what it 
ought to be until co-operation in produc- 
ing wealth has superseded the wages sys- 
tem. But while we regard co-operation as 
the final triumph, we are also mindful of 
the preliminary steps to be urged before 
either the capitalists or the massess can 
co-operate ; and our caution to all who 
urge immediate co-operation is, that the 
comparative poverty and ignorance of 
the masses in competition with the vast 
wealth and experience of the emjfioying 
classes», are fatal to co-operation, the first 
step to which is to reduce the poverty 
and ignorance of the one, and the future 
accumulations of the other. 

Resolved , That a reduction of the 
hours of labor will increase wages, and 
will also cause a corresponding reduction 
of the future accumulations of the specu- 
lative classes, and thus secure a more 
equal distribution of wealth ; that 
through the wages channel all of the 
wealth regularly secured to the masses 
is distributed, and that to increase their 
share of this wealth their wages must 
first be increased, through causes which 
will reduce the profits of those who spec- 
ulate in the results of labor. 

Resolved, That the increased wages re- 
sulting from a general reduction of the 
hours of labor do not mean a correspond- 
ing increase in the cost of production; 
that the men and woman who work the 
hardest and longest are not paid the 
most, hut generally the least ; that dear 
men are the cheapest for a country, and 
cheap men the dearest; and that the 
moral and natural causes which makes 
humanity dear, always make commodi- 
ties cheap. 

Resolved, That the so-called injustice 
of expecting ten hours pay for eight 
hours work, unless as much can be done 
in the shorter as well as the longer time, 
is founded upon the mistaken assump- 
tion th|it the wages paid under the ten- 
hour rule represent the actual worth of 
the work done, while the increasing 
wealth of the wealthy proves that the 
laborer has never received an equivalent 
for even his ten hours toil, and with the 
aid of labor-saving machinery is actually 
now doing 12 to 15 hours work for an 
hour’s pay. 



AUGERS. 

“ Like many of our znost useful inven- 
tions,” said a prominent auger maker 
recent ly, “the principle of the auger 
now in use all over the world was dis- 
covered by accident. In 1680 Benjamin 
Paugh, an Englishman, while watching 
some schoolboys endeavoring to bore a 
We in the ground with a piece of iron 
barrel hoop, noticed that after the hole 
had been sunken some distance into the 
fi arth and the flexible metal of their im- 
provised boring tool had become heated, 
d twisted and carried the dirt up to the 
surface nicely, and he could not see why 
the same principle should not apply to 
J^ood. The invention of the augur was 
the result. The screw augur, he con- 
hnued, “is an American invention, and 
invented about 100 years ago by 
Thomas Garret, who lived in the vicinity 
Oxford, in Chester county, Penn., 
^here most of the black augers are still 
*&Ade. 

. “Most of the bright tools are made 
Jf°Wn east, but one of the principal 
factories is in Pittsburg. The old- 
.^ahioned pod auger is still used in Eng- 
a ^und Germany. 

, "he single screw auger is also an 
^uiericaii invention, and was first dis- 
j^red by accident by a Philacelphian. 
bJ s the only augur that can be used to 
y satisfaction in very hard woods, 



KEEP AWAY FROM GALVESTON. 

We advise carpenters, painters, brick- 
layers and plasterers to stay away from 
Galveston. While it is true that a large 
number of buildings are going up the 
supply of labor largely exceeds the de- 
mand, and idle men are seen standing 
in the city. In front of Jas. Sweeney’s 
brick building, now in course of erec- 
tion, we counted on Monday, over sixty 
idle men looking on, and upon inquiry 
amongst them we found 27 carpenters, 
13 painters, 8 bricklayers and 6 plaster- 
ers who were willing and anxious to 
w T ork but could find no employment and 
were waiting to catch on. Mechanics, 
stay away. — Labor Advocate , Galveston, 
Tex. 

BRICKLAYERS* CONVENTION. 

The Bricklayers and Mason’s Inter- 
national Union met in Convention in 
St. Louis, Mo., on January 11th, and 
held a six-days session. Delegates were 
present from 16 of the principal States 
of the Union, also from Canada. The 
eight-hour law* was the subject of long 
discussions during the sessions, and a 
compromise was finally effected by the 
adoption of nine hours for a day’s work, 
and this rule is to go into effect through- 
out the country, May 1st next. 

It is compulsory oh all the local unions 
of Bricklayers and masons, and was car- 
ried by a vote of 71 to 28. 

One of the delegates, Mr. Hauser of 
Grands Rapids, Mich., reports that had 
it not been for the eastern delegates, the 
International Union would have fixed 
the maximum work day at eight, in stead 
of nine hours, as the western unions 
stood very solid for adopting the eight- 
hour system on May first. 

The next convention will be held in 
Washington, D. C. Mr. O’Dea, Cohoes, 
N. Y., was re-elect ed General Secretary. 

NOT NECESSARY TO WORK TEN HOURS. 

Dr. Wild of Toronto, in a recent dis- 
course on the boycott, and the labor 
question generally, said : “There is no 
necessity for a man to be working ten 
hours a day. The old Mosaic law was a 
good one, and could be reverted to with 
profit. It divided the day as follows: 
‘eight hours for labor, eight 1 tours for 
pleasure and refreshment, and eight 
hours for sleep.’ No factory nowadays 
can work ten hours a day and keep it 
up for five years. There is not a factory 
in .Canada that ever did. Why? Be- 
cause they go on with a rush and turn 
out a lot of goods and accumulate a sur- 
plus. Then have to stop or go on short 
time. Another thing. The intention of 
Providence was that we should have two 
days of rest, every week. The Hebrew 
Sabbath for a rest and we are sinning 
against God by doing our work on Sat- 
urday. Sunday was designed to be a 
day of worship — entirely so — Saturday 
a day of rest, so that the workingman 
might be able to devote his Sunday to 
his God, and could have no excuse for 
not doing so. Of course we force the 
dual Sabbath upon our Hebrew breth- 
ren at the present time, and who will 
say they are any poorer for it? They 
get along on five days’ work splendidly. 
The New York pulpits, he iftiticed, are 
just now aiding the workmen by urging 
capitalists, manufacturers and employ- 
ers of labor generally, to grant one-half 
of Saturday as a dav of rest. If they 
could not get all the day they could take 
half. 



Civilization is dependent upon the 
solution of two problems — prouuetion- 
distribution. The first treats of pro- 
ducts ; the second of wages. The one of 
mechanism , the other of equity. The 
first three quarters of the nineteenth 
century have witnessed the solution of 
the first. Steam, electricity, invention, 
chemistry, science have been the medi- 
ums by which such results have been 
effected. The last quarter of this cen- 
tury will see solved the second— A- AT. 
( hven , 

The Strike of the imported Hunga- 
rian coke burners of Pennsylvania ought 
to put some of the labor men of this 
country, who are forever harping on 
“foreign cheap labor,” to thinking. The 
imported “Huns” are striking for an ad- 
vance in wages. And while this is going 
on the carpenters of America are stand- 
in«. by listlessly and letting their wages 
go down — down continually, until thev j 
are losing almost all spirit of mdepend- j 
once. 



<j£arjienUr. 



(5 l c v e l a n b, gebruar 1886. 



ItitcrfifärCi^cö unb ^tHuerflnnbEtrfSes. 

— UnVerftänblid) bleibt eS, baß Arbeiter cS 
fefyr gut „afforben" formen, menu ihnen ber 
Boß pro iBodjc einen falben dollar ober mehr 
bom Sohn abjiefyt, baß biefelben fiel) aber bitter 
über bie dhrannei ihrer Union befragen, t semi 
fie in bie itaffe berfelben 25 Gents pro Atonat 
Safylen follen, frelche zur Befjerung ihrer Sage 
Verfrenbet frerben follen. 

— ARerffriirbig ift eS aud), baß biele Ar s 
beiter ben Aathfd)lügen il;rer Bofje folgen, 
mean biefelben ihnen' bom Beitritt zur Union 
abratfyen, frährenb fie fluten Aebenarbeiter unb 
SeibenSgenofjen a IS AerfiUvrcr betrachten. GS 
Weint, als ob gefriffe Ateufchen eS fid) $ur 
SebenSaufgabe gemacht hätten, bafürju folgen, 
baß bie Summen nie alle frerben. 

— Scl;r fdjfrer *u verfielen ift, baß, mürbe 
man Semanben ratten, mit einem Ateffer fid) 
in’S eigene gletfd) zu fdjneiben, er einen mit 
Aedjt für verrüeft halten mürbe ; erflärt unb 
befrei ft man hingegen einem Solchen, baft 
einer Arbeitzeit, freierer eine ungenügende 
Auhezeit folgt, ihn minbeftenS 10 Jahre früher 
in bie ©tube bringt unb noch el)e er bieje er; 
reicht, eine Aeibe verfdyebener (Gebrechen auf 
feinen Körper häuft, bann fcbüttelt er um 
glaublich ben Hopf. 

— Am merffriirbigften unb am Unverftänb« 
Uchften ift hoch baS, baß teilte, je tiefer fie im 
@lenb ftccfcn unb je nothfrenbiger fie eine 
Befferung iprer Sage bebitrfeu, um fo ßalSftar« 
riger fie jeben Berfutf) non fidj freifen, ben 
anbere madjen, um fie aus ihrer erbärmlichen 
Sfraverei 51 t befreien. 

— Aterffriirbig ift es aud>, baß Seute bie 
alte abgefianbene AebenSart noch nadjplap« 
hern, baß eS Aeid)e unb Arme geben müffe, 
babei aber gar nicht bebenfen, baß mm baS 
fral;r freire, cS auch fraßt fein müßte, baß 
diejenigen, bie- am f?ärtcftcn arbeiten bie 
Aeidjften, unb 3ene, bie am fremgften ober 
gar nicht arbeiten, bemgemfiß bte Aermften 
fein müßten. 

d. A. $ ä cf e r 3 e 1 1 u n g. 

A e u n u n b f c d) $ i g £ 0 f a l U n i o n § b er 
Bruberfcpaft ber GarpenterS haben befchloffeu, 
am L AJai fommenben ben aebiftfm 

bigen Arbeitstag eüi|ttführen. Aur neun Uni; 
onS fpracben fid) bagegen auS. das große 
2 Öer t macht erfreuliche gortfduitte. 

Jn bent AJaße, in frelchcm baS Betret- 
en eines BopcottS richtig Verftanben frtrb, in 
bcmfclben Ttaße frtrb fiep bic 3 «hl bevjelben 
verringern, denn frenn bie Gtegner ber Ar« 
bciterfache einmal eingefehen haben, baß bie 
Arbeiter aller iöerufSarten beim Boncott feft 
^ufammenbalten unb einen ©rfotg auf ben an 
bent erzielen, bann frerben fie eher geneigt fein, 
alle differenjen in frieblid^er 3Mje febfid); 
ten, ehe fie ee auf einen $ampf anfommen 
laffen. 

der a ch t ft ü n b t g e Arbeitstag ift 
nun and? oen ben Arbeitern ber Crbgardhomp- 
foit Stahlfrerfe, 3000 3Jiann ftarf, erfampft 
frorben unb jfrar ohne ÖoThnrebuftion. Gin 
Grfolg, ber frahrfcheinlid) in ben übrigen äbn 
lid)cn SBerfen ^ennfhluanienö sur Aadia hm ung 
anrei^cn frtrb. 3 h biefeit 3Ber!en frurbe fttrv 
lieh bacs n a t ü r l i ch e © a ^ eingeführt unb 
baburd) über 100 Alaun überflüffig gemacht; 
bie Aebuftion ber Arbeitzeit gleicht biefe „Gr« 
fparuiß^ mebr aU au£. 

d a d „ft a t i ft t f d) c 3 n h r b u cb 
ber Stabt ^ari^/' frelcheö foeben erfchienen ift, 
entbalt eine Aergleid;ung ber in s ]>arii 511 »er: 
fdjüebencn 3^tten für einen lOftünbigen An 
beit^tag gezahlten Söbne. Gin Grbar beiter per« 
bient gegatfrärlig 6 pr. täglich, ein Alaurer 
8 %v., ein Alaurergehülfe (öanMangcr) 5 $r., 
ein ^flafterer gr. 7,50, ein ißflaftcrer-^anb« 
langer 5 ^r., ein s Bautijchler 8 3*r., ein Stein; 
fäger Jr. 8,50, ein Schlöffet 3r. 8,75. A m 
beften frerben bie ^tmmerleute 
befahlt: biefelben erhalten 9 $ r * 
täglrcb. 3m 3nh T e 1789 nerb ten ten bie 
Afaurcr 2 } ftr., ihre wtblanger 1 f bie 
^ßflafterer 2 ^ Jr., bereu Gehülfen 1 \ jr., bie 
Steinfäger 2} |jr., ^immerleute 2f gr. Leiber 
freiß man nicht mit Sid)erheit, frie oiel Stun 
ben täglich bamalö gearbeitet frurbe. Anmerf. 
b. Aeb. die Himnterleuir in '^ari^ erhalten ' 
bemnach pro dag 7 Al a r t 20 f e n n i g 
£oh n unb ba jammern bie 3nnung3meifter im 
mer noch, baß fie bet ben fteigettben Söhnen ber ; 
beutfeheu 21auhanbfrerfer bem Auslanbe gegen« [ 
über tut AachtbcÜ feien. Ghe bie berliner ' 
Rimmerleute 7 Aiarl 20 ^f. pro dag Sohn er« 
halten, frirb noch mancher Strauß au^gefoebten 
merbeit muffen. — berliner 3 e i t f ch r i f t 
ber 3 mer len te. 



7 



alt lerlci. 

3 n Ae fr 2 ) 0 r f befinbet fiep fein einiger 
Sattennagler, ber nicht ber Union angehörte. 

die G f) i c a g 0 drabeSAffembln h a<: 
bie gabrtfanten burch ein Girfular aufgefor« 
bert, am 1 . Alai bie Adjiftimbenarbeit ein^u« 
führen. 

die 3 nter nationale G i g a r r e n« 
macherdluion l;at befchloffeu, ben erften Alon« 
tag im September eines jeben 3ahrce; ju einem 
geiertag $u machen. 

die m e i ft e n größeren Gtabliffementö 
in Ghtcago bekräftigen 'pinfertmt’fche Spione, 
bie aüfröchentltch über bie allgemeine Stirn« 
ntung unter ben Arbeitern Bericht §u erftatten 
haben. 

die G a r f u t f ch e r an ben Aefr 2)orfer 
Straßenbahnen haben, ohne an einen Strife 
gehen ju müffen, eine Verringerung ber Arbeite« 
geit auf 12 Stunben per dag erhielt, freil — fie 
[ich in aller Stille organifirt batten. 

die gabrif anten non dl)üren, 3 en j 
ftern u. f. fr., befchloffeu in il?rer füglich in 
Ghtcago abgehalteueu Gonbcution, ihre ^abri« 
fen fregen Ueberprobuftion bi^ jum 1 . ^ &r Har 
3 U jeh ließen. 

Abraham Since in fagte: „Rlaffen« 
gefeße, frelche bem Gelbe bie Gemalt über bie 
Arbeiter geben, finb für bie Aepublif gefähr« 
lieber, al$ bie Seibeigeufchaft ^ur 3 ^tt ihrer 
größten 2 tu^behnung frar.“ 

V e i b e m jüngften Gefrcrffchaft^;Gongreß 
in Bafhington fam bie grage ber Schiebt 
gerichte jur Sprache. Gine übemuegenbe Atehr^ 
beit frar gegen ein Schieb3gerid)t bei Sobnbif« 
ferengen, ba3 nicht auöfcptiefelicp au^ Sohn« 
arbeitern beftept* 

A u r bie 2lbfürutng ber Arbeitzeit fann 
ba$ Voll oor einem ^inabfinfen in bas Gbtne« 
fenthum befrahren. Sie muß perbetgcfnprl 
frerben burch bie Arbeiter felbft, freil fie felbft 
am meiften baburd? geminnen. 2 llfo bie s Agi« 
tatton nicht ruhen laffen ! 

Ue b erbte Ginführung beS acbtftünbigeu 
Arbeitstages 00 m 1 . tla i b. % ab, bat bie 
Vrüberfchaft ber Garpenter für ibr Gefrerf eine 
Urabftimmung Oorgenommeit, bereu Aef ultat 
frar, baß 69 Unionen für Verfügung ber Ar« 
beitZeit unb 9 Unionen bagegen fümmien: 
die 3 1 m m e r 1 e u t e deutfdhtanbS finb 
tu 62 Stabten organifirt. 3n einer unlängft 
in Berlin abgehaltenen, Pott 20(X) 3immerleu« 
ten befuchten Verfammlung frurbe befchloffeu, 
fommenbeS Frühjahr 50 'Pfennige So|n pro 
Stunbe verlangen unb eventuell ju ftrifen. 

die Garp enters von Velfaft, Srfanb, 
legten unlängft bie Arbeit tticber, um eine 
Sobnerhöbuitg von einem halben *ßennp pro 
Stunbe erringen, der Streit frurbe einem 
SchtebSgertd)t unterbreitet, bas ben AuSftäit« 
bigen nicht ettoa ben halben ^enuh, fonbem 
brei ^encc mehr pro Stunbe sprach* 
die A e fr 2 ) orferöoe 0 m oti 0 «J ü 1 ) r e r 
haben .poar mehl bie acbtftünbige, aber bod) bie 
neunftünbige ArbetPZeii burd)gejebt. 3n An« 
betradit beffen, baß fie häufig 11 bis 12 Stun« 
ben dienft leiften mußten unb baß ilmen bie 
alten Söhne freiter befahlt frerben, ift ber Gr« 
folg fehr befttebigenb. Jap Goulb hat je|t 
von ben organifirten Arbeiter bereits ^freiDhr« 
feigen erhalten. — Vivat sequens. 

d t e 3 i m m e r e r u n b At a u r e r in Gera 
haben eine Aufteilung aller berjentgen Vebiirf« 
niffe, frelche eine aus 5 RÖpfen beftehenbe Ja« 
mitte im Saufe eines 3ah^s nötbig hat, ju« 
fammengeftellt unb ben Arbeitgebern überreizt, 
das Grgebniß btefer Aufftellung fteUt einen 
Jahres bc Darf von 1272 A/arf bar, frährenb 
ber Sohn eines Alauretd ober 3immererS int 
durchfehnitt jährltd) fid) nur auf 825 Atari 
beläuft 

das ! I a f f i f ch e S a n b berStreifS 
ift unb bleibt Gnglanb. Schon frieber ift eine 
große ArbeitSeinftellung, unb poar in ben 
Spinnereien unb Akbemen ber ginnen $re« 
fron unb da fr fine, tvelcbe 6000 Arbeiter be« 
fchäftigen, erfolgt, die Arbeiter verlangen 
Verfügung ber Arbeitszeit um eine halbe 
Stunbe täglich unb Grböhung beS Sohnes um 
2 ^ence pro Atetcr. die GinigungSverfuc^e 
finb bis j efct refuttatloS verlaufen ; bie Arbei- 
ter glauben, baß fie ihre geringen unb bered)« 
tigten Jorbmmgen buvchfetyen frürben. 

3 u m n ä ch ft e n J r ü h j a h r frerben in 
Berlin im Aaugefrerfe neue heftige Sopufampfe 
erfrartet. die A^aurer frerben ihre alte Jor« 
betung, 50 Pfennig pro Stunbe, frieber geltenb 
machen, uttb bie 3 tnnnerer agitiren bereits für 
Verfür.mng ber Arbeitzeit, die jünftlerifd^en 
^aumeifter finb in t)dU äöuth geratpen unb 
geberben fid) in ber „Vaugefrevfe ^ritung'' fo 
ungejogeu als möglich. 3 ie haben eben ein 
fcpleducS Gefrijfm vom lebten A^aurerftreif 
her. iSunfd;en frir ben Bauarbeitern in Ber« 
lin, bie fepon im vorigen Jahre tapfer gefämpft 
unb auSgeham haben, viel Glütf |um neuen 
3ahre unb §u balbigem Stege. 



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8 



THE OAEPEl^TEE. 



MINUTES OF THE EXECUTIVE BOARD. 



I 



Jan. 9.— Union 4, St. Louis, protests agains 

f ranting charter to German Union of North St. 

nouis, Unionö favors granting charter. G. S., in- 
structed to correspond and see if matters can be 
satisfactorily arranged. 

Union 2, Cincinnati* 0., inquires if it has power 
to form a German Branch of said union, E. B. 
decided there is nothing in the Constitution to 
prevent forming such branch ; but deems it more 
advisable not to do so. 

Claim No. 72, Jas. Drayton, Charleston, S. C. 
Claim No. 73, Jacob L. Baker, Decatur, 111. 
Claim No. 74, Josiah R. McHenry, New Orleans, 
La.; all approved. Claim No. 75, Mrs. Theresa 
Edwards, Savannah, tta., laid over for completion 
of papers. 

Circular of G. S., on Runzel claim indorsed. 
Letter from Jas. H. Perry, Secretary of the U. 
0. of New York, asking for a conference with a 
view to amalgamation with the B. Reply of G. 
6. dated Jan. 9th., (in favor of conference) read 
and endorsed. 

Information showed that Union 79, Richmond, 
Ind., had disbanded but would reorganize in the 
Spring. G* S. ordered to call for charter, etc., and 
hold the same subject to reorganization of Union 
79, 

By Laws Union 78, Troy, N. Y., also letter from 
Brother K. J. Lake, Troy, N. Y., on Green and 
Waterman case, referred to sub-committee. 

Letter from Union 96, Springfield, Mass., asking 
how a member can he admitted as a visitor to a 
sister union, without getting out a traveling card. 
Resolved, by E. B. that the Genl. President be 
requested to issue a geneVal pass-word .quarterly 
and issue it through the G. S. to all local unions, 
said pass-word with a clear card of membership 
to date of presentation, shall entitle a member to 
visit a sister union. 

Letter from Brother Altvater, C. S. Union No.l, 
Washington, D, C„ stating that the 30 days no* 
tice of suspension had been laid on the table, by 
vote of said union. 

Bill from G. P, $1.62 for stationery and postage, 
ordered paid. 

Union 26, Jackson, Mich., inquires: is it neces- 
sary to have vote of the union on ordering pay- 
ment of capita tax. According to Const, page 25, 
sec. 6, the treasurer can not disburse any money 
without sanction of the union. However, the E. 
B. are of the opinion that the next convention 
should make the law so that capita tax and assess- 
ments as due to the general office should be paid 
out without allowing room for contention. 

Union 56, Los Angelos, Cal,, as to the right of 
reinstated members to benefits. B. B. decided that 
reinstated members can not be entitled to bene- 
fits until 6 months after date of reinstatement 
and this to be the rule, regardless of whether the 
back dues are paid or cancelled. 

E. B. decided to repeal Aug. decision and to re- 
affirm their Nov. decision in regard to suspending 
members in arrears; members in arrears can only 
be suspended after due notice and by vote of the 
union. 

Assessments 73 and 74 ordered; Warrant drawn 
for Claim No. 72. 

Jan. 19.— Protest from Union No. 1, Washing- 
ton D. C., against suspension, received and filed. 
On motion K. B. resolved, that the G. P. be re- 

? nested to suspend Union No, 1, in view of the 
act that said Union No, 1 does not pay its legal 
assessments to the general office, and the 30 days 
notice has duly expired. 

On motion, E. B. ordered that Brother G. Ed- 
monston, Washington, D. C., be empowered to 
take legal steps to secure thc’pronerty.chattels and 
effects of Union No. 1, and to hold the same in 
trust for the B.— subject to reorganization of 
Union No. 1. 

Communication read from Union No. 22, Sun 
Francisco, agreeing to settle its debts to the gen- 
eral office. Resolved, by E. B.: “That we waive 
the protest against Union No. 22, and will accept 
its terms, provided it will agree to waive all claim 
to the Geo. Kineval benefit.” Brother H. J. 
Bailey tendered his resignation as Auditor. 

Jan. 23, — Charters granted:— Chelsea, Mass.; 
Augusta, Ga.; and Norwich, Conn., provided in 
the Norwich Union that Benj. Cross, aged G3, be 
admitted as an honorary member and not entitled 
to general benefits. 

Claim No. 75, Mrs. Theresa Edwards, Savannah, 
Ga,— Claim No. 76, Mrs. Ella E. Ward, Oneonta, 
N, Y., approved. 

Letter from G. P. doubting authority to issue 
quarterly pass words, G. S. instructed to write G. 
P., and ask if he has any objection should the E. 
B. assume the responsibility. 

By Laws of Union No. 78, also papers in Green 
and Waterman case, reported from sub-committeo. 
Special instructions given G. S. in regard to both 
matters. 

Union No. 2. Cincinnati, 0.,^ writes to know 
about the expenses of the G. S. in traveling to 
visit unions. E. B. instructed G. S. to answer 
that this Board in fourteen months has appro- 
priated only $25 for that purpose so far, and that 
the G. S. in that time has paid out fully $150 out 
of his own salary for traveling expenses. And has 
not been reimbursed for the same. The E. B. 
has very little money at its command to send out 
the G. S. Besides that, his time is more than 
taken up with office duties. But in case unions 
desire his presence and he can attend them, the 
unions visited should pay tho expenses. If the 
E, can afford to spend any money at all, it 
deem* it wiser to use it for the organization of 
new unions. 

Warrant drawn for Claim No* 73. 

Resignation of Brother II. J. Bailey as Auditor 
accepted, Brother Edward Taylor appointed to fill 

vacancy. 

Bills: Edward Taylor $7, foröODigeon holes. J. 
G. Clinkard $4, for organizing Chelsea; ordered 

paid. 

Jan. 28.— Letter from Qenl. Pres. Billingsley, 
date Jan. 25, 1886, suspending Union No. 1, duly 
received. On motion action of the G. P. was 
unanimously approved. 

G. S. instructed to send out circulars to all 
local union*, announcing suspension of Union No. 
1, and reasons for the same. 

Letters read from secretary of U. 0., New York, 
showing that arrangements were being perfected 
for conference on terms of unity with the B. 

Letter from Brother A. Bowen, F. of Union 
No. 88, Decatur, 111., showing the late Drothor J. 



L. Baker was not reinstated legally after being 
suspended and arrears not fully paid, and hence 
claim for his death benefit is illegal. E. B. re- 
considered approval of Claim 73, J . L. Baker and 
resolved to lay the matter on the table until next 
meeting. Warrant for Claim No. 73 revoked; 
warrant drawn for Claim No. 74, Warrants drawn 
for Claims Nos. 75 and 76. 

Feb. 6. — Charters granted:— Cambridge, Mass.; 
Gloversville, N. Y., the latter with special provis- 
ion that all over 60 years of age shall not be en- 
titled to general benefits. Bill of $4, Brother W. 
J. Shields for organizing Cambridge, ordered paid. 

Claim No. 73, J. L. Baker, Decatur, 111., taken 
taken up. evidence read G. S. instructed to got 
further testimony. Claim laid over for one month 
to await further particulars. 

Claim No. 77, Chas. G. King, Buffalo, N. Y., ap- 
proved. 

Claim from San Francisco, Cal., on death of 
Mrs, C, Ahms, laid over to await further from 
Union No. 22. 

Official report from Brother G. Edmonston 
Washington, in case of Union No. 1, duly received 
and accepted. At his request, Brother Edmon- 
ston, was relieved of his obligation taken as a 
member of Union No. 1, so far as may be neces- 
sary to get legal advice in securing an injunction 
and prevent funds of Union No. 1, from being 
misused; carried unanimously. 

Resolved, That Brother Edmonston be author- 
ized to expend $50 to obtain a restraining order, 
or injunction, whenever there is good evidence that 
any attempt will be made to misuse the funds of 
Union _No. 1. And that the same restraining order 
if possible, shall be made to hold good until Aug. 
10, 1886, one week after next convention of B. 

Brother P. J. McGuire, G. S., was requested to 
visit Washington. D. C., to act with Brother Ed- 
monston, to settle the differences there amicably, 
or by legal measures if necessary. 

Letter from G. P.,as to situation in Washington, 
and in favor of conference with New York Car- 
penters, and appointing Brothers W. J. Shields, 
Boston, Mass.. W. F, Eberhardt, Philadelphia, 
and P. J. McGuire, Genl. Secy, as representatives 
at the N. Y. Conference. Received and nominations 
approved. G. P, declared he would offer no ob- 
jection to issue of pass-word, if E. E. assumed 
responsibility. 

Report of Auditing Committee on account of G- 
S. for Dec. recaived and approved. 

Letter from Cincinnati Union No. 2, asking E. 
B., to levy a tax on the unions to raise an organ- 
izing fund. G, S. instructed to reply. 

Order drawu for Claim No. 77. 

Auditing Committee instructed to canvass vote 
of local unions on Runzel claim, also for prizes. 



BUY UNION LABEL GOODS. 

The attention of the members of the Brother- 
hood of Carpenters, all its Local Unions and of 
carpenters and workmen generally, is most earn- 
estly called to the following union labels. Be sure 
to call for union label goods in tho trades named 
and buy no others. In this way you will assist in 
crushing out scab shops, and it will assist organi- 
zed labor to gain fair wages and be treated with 
respect. 

UNION HATTERS’ LABEL. 

This is a fac simile 
of the Label adopted 
by the Hatters’ Inter- 
national Union, and 
is a sure indication 
I hat the goods are 
made by Union work- 
men. Before you buy 
a hat look under the 
sweat band for the 
Union Label. Buy no 
other! 




Agister 6 - 0 



UNION HAN II MADE CANS. 

See that your grocer has 
canned goods with this trade 
mark stamped in the tin on 
the bottom of the can. It 
is to be hoped that union j 
men and friends of organi I 
zed labor will call the atten-l 
tion of their wives and' 
daughters to this fact when 
about ^to purchase canned 
goods. They are the best and 
the cans are free from chemi- 
cal poisons. 

UNION LABEL CIGARS. 

When you buy cigars never forget to look for the 
blue label of tho International Cigar Makers’ 
Union. It is across the outside of tne cigar box 
and is signed, “A. Strasscr, President.” 



ANDREWS’ PAT. HAND AND COMPASS SAWS. 

Special Offer to the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners. 








In order to introduce our improved Saws, we offer forftheInext>ix’months!our Hand 'aud.Com pass 
Saws at the following reduced prices: 

20 inch, 22 inch, 24 inch, 26 inch, 28 inch, 

$1.10. $1.20. $1.30. $1.40. $1.60. 

Notwithstanding the extreme low prices, these saws are fully warranted and any proving defective 
in any particular will be exchanged or money refunded and all express charges paid. From cuts it ia 
readily seen how tho blade extends into the handle so as to balance it nicely in the hand and make it 
hang light and easy and not strain the wrist. A full sweep can betaken from end toend without danger 
of catching in work. Tho blade running entirely around the hands strengthens and prevents it coming 
loose. In Compass Saws and Handles wo lead. Our Compass Saw Handle will do duty for a dozen 
blades, no holes being required to fasten to handle. The blade can bo turned to any angle desired. 
Every carpenter should have one. Price, with 12 inch blade, 60 cents send to any part of the United States. 

Any further information about our saws we will cheerfully write, and will be pleased to send cir- 
cul&rs * 

E. ANDREWS & SONS. Saw Manufacturers, 

WILLIAMSPORT, PA. 





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Barnes’ Pal. Foot- Hand Power Machinery. 

BUILDERS’ SCROLL SAW “ 

■This machine will pay for itself in two 
days at prices common with steam pow- 
er mills for scroll work. We have a 
complete outfit of machinery suited to 
builders’ use— Hand Circular Rip Saw, 

Combined Cut-off and Rip Saw, Scroll 
Saw and Borer, Former, Mortiser, Ten- 
oner, Lathes, Etc. They are labor and 
money-saving to builders. We sell them 
with ample time allowed for trial in the 
shop of the purchaser. You can order 
them of your dealer in supplies — if not, 
order direct from our factory. Send for 
illustrated catalogue free. 

W. F. & JOHN BARNES CO. , Roctford, 111. 

Address No.2269Ruby Street. 




C. B. Church, Pres’t. W. H. Ykkkks, Sup’t. 

Independent lee Go., 

Wholesale and Retail Dealers in 

KENNEBEC ICE. 



A Constant Supply Guaranteed Throughout 
the Season. 



Prices as low as any Responsible Company in the 
District. 



St Sure and Patronize the YELLOW WAGONS 



Office, Cor 12tli and Penn Ave., 
Depot 9th S$. Wharf, 

WASHINGTON, D.C, 



CHEAP HOMES, LONG TIME AND 
LIBERAL TERMS. 

Write for information about the best Farming, 
Grazing and Wheat lands in the world to 

The Stevens County Abstract and Real 
Estate Agency, 

Abstracts, Real Estate, Collections, Ac., 
Lock Box 146, MORRIS, MINN, 
p, A, MoSABTHT, Preside**, and Gea’l Manager. ap86 



JM0B SCHWARZ, 

Wine and Beer Saloon, 

POOL & BILLIARDS, 

71*8 & 760 Vine Street, Corner Mulberry, 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 



fflTfTQ D A 'D7?T? may bo found on file at Geo. 
A R1Ö Jrüt Jr RowoU Sc i>>’« NuwHpaper 

Ad vprUaing Uur ftfui ( 10 Spruce S L >, whfi re iu X vn ing 

cunttacto may be mario for BIM ÄJSW IfOÄK* 




TOYFUL News lor Boys and Girls!! You»« 
J and Old!! ANEW INVENTION Justp*£ 
ented for Home use! _ 



tnted for Home use! , „ 

Fret and Scroll »awing, Turning, Boring 
Drilling, Grinding, Polishing, Screw Cutting* 
Price $5 to $50. Send G cents for loo pages. 

EPHRAIM BROWN, Lowell. MM*- 









A MONTHLY JOURNAL FOR CARPENTERS AN 



NERS. 



Volume VI, No 3. 



CLEVELAND, MARCH, 1886. 



BROTHERHOOD NOTES. 



CHIPS AND SHAVINGS. 



TRADE NOTES. 



E BATTLE FOR SHORTER HOURS. 



Bko. George J. Garthar was Grand 
Marshal of the large labor parade and 
demonstration in Galveston, Tex., re- 
cently. 

The Hinging Of Odes in opening and 
closing the meetings of our Locals, will 
soon be generally adopted. Some of our 
Locals make it the rule now. 

It Has Been suggested that the Exe- 
cutive Board should offer a Prize Ban- 
ner, or Silk Flag, to the Local Union 
that shows the greatest increase in mem- 
bership during the next six months. 

Wherever delegates are to be elected 
from our local unions to represent them 
in a Trades Assembly or Central Body, 
Get care be exercised in choosing the 
most competent, cautious and well posted 
men. 

Monthly Blanks for C. S. and F. S. 
reports are furnished from this office 
free, and as soon as the monthly re- 
port reaches the G. S., he will furnish 
another blank, to be filled out at the end 
of the next succeeding month. 

To Have any mistake in numbering 
the cards of membership we wish to ex- 
plain that as soon as the numbers fur- 
nished each Union have been all given 
out, a further lot of numbers will be fur- 
nished by the G. S. whenever a new lot 
of cards are ordered by the Union. 

Each Month the F. S. of each Local 
Unions should send to the G. H., a com- 
plete list of all new initiations, reinstate- 
ments, suspensions, etc., they must be 
reported as required by Sec. 8, Page 17 of 
our constitution. We have new monthly 
blanks for that purpose. 

Bko. W. J. Shields, our 2d vice presi- 
dent, has been reelected Treasurer of the 
Boston Central Labor Union, a position 
he has held faithfully the past two years. 
Bro. Joseph G. Clinkard has been elected 
vice president of the same body. Both 
these brothers are a team of indefatiga- 
ble workers for the Brotherhood. 

Our Local Unions should make it a 
point to strictly observe Hec. 6, p # . 10 of 
our Constitution, which calls for public 
meetings once a month to discuss the 
labor question. If deemed more advan- 
tageous, monthly sociables or entertain- 
ments may be adopted. And it will be 
noticed that the unions that hold such 
monthly meetings or entertainments, 
seem to prosper best. 

Senator II. W. Blair has reintro- 
duced, his bill in Congress to legalize 
the Incorporation of National Trades 
Unions, We call upon all our Local 
Unions to urge by letter or personal 
visit, their Representatives and Sena- 
tors in Congress, to work and vote for 
the Blair Bill. By the passage of this 
hill it would save the necessity for is- 
suing State Charters, so when a union 
gets chartered from this Brotherhood 
that charter willgive it a legal status. 

Assessments 73 and 74 were levied on 
Jan. 16, 1886, and the result has been 
that the returns from that assessment 
have paid ten benefits. No.’s 73 to 83 in- 
clusive, amounting to $1,200 and leaving 
a large balance on hand which will pos- 
hly carry us a few weeks longer, un- 
leas a sudden rush of claims are poured 
llx ■ We have met every legal claim 
Promptly as soon as presented, and sent 
the money for it the very next day 
after approval. The promptness and 
mvulty of the local unions has contribut- 
ed to reach this result. Let us congratu- 
late! 



Don’t Buy the Sporting Life y a weekly 
rat journal published in Philadelphia. 
It refuses to pay decent wages, and won’t 
hire union men. 

In Fall River, Mass., the spinners 
demand a restoration of wages to the 
rates paid in January, 1885. At that 
time they were reduced. 

Book-Keepers and office clerks are 
forming a National Federation, and a 
circular for that purpose has been issued 
from New York city. In course of time 
every department of industry will have 
its national head, and be thoroughly 
organized. 

Wjiat a Glorious Victory has been 
won by the street car drivers and con- j 
ductors of New York city ? At a given 
moment, by the thoroughness of the 
men’s organization, all street car travel 
was suspended, and the companies 
granted the demand of $2 per day, and 
twelve hours as a day’s work. 

The February report of the Amalga- 
mated Carpenters, shows trade is almost 
completely prostrated in Great Britain 
and Ireland, and overstocked in New 
Zealand and Australia. The society has 
441 branches, 25,854 members, 3,614 on 
unemployed benefit, 852 on sick benefit, 
and 158 superannuated. 

British carpenters by organization 
have reduced working hours to 51 per 
week. In the eastern half of the United 
States, the tendency in most trades is 
the same. But on the Pacific coast, out- 
side of Han Francisco, and a few other 
cities, carpenters work sixty hours, be- 
cause mainly unorganized. 

Surely the world moves ! Henry 
Broadhurst, a journeyman stonemason 
by trade, Secretary of the Federation of 
Trades in Engl ami, and a stalwart trades- 
unionist, has been appointed to a Cabinet 
position by Gladstone. The appoint- 
ment has caused a sensation in political 
circles, Mr. Broadhurst being the first 
w r orkingman who has ever risen to the 
Ministry. 

The Cigar-Makers of Binghampton, 
N. Y., ask the carpenters and working- 
men of the country to boycott all non- 
union cigars, as in that city the non- 
union cigar manufacturers employ a vast 
horde of children under 14 years of age. 
The best w av to stop this is to buy none 
but union label cigars. See that the 
blue label of the Int. Union is on the box. 
Boycott requests have also come to us 
from the cigar-makers unions of New 
York city, and Syracuse, N, Y. 

Carpenters’ Union No. 1, of Washing- 
ton, recently suspended by the Brother- 
hood, for non-payment of dues, voted to 
join the Knights of Labor, but one of 
the minority brought suit to restrain 
them from taking or using the funds of 
the society, on the basis of it not being 
used in accordance with the provisions 
of the charter under which it was sub- 
scribed. The case has gone to the Dis- 
trict Court of Equity. — rhibi. ledger. 

Union Brick and Stone Masons of 
Pittsburgh will have clearer sailing 
during the coming season than ever 
before, as the master builders appear to 
be pulling with them. Sixteen contrac- 
tors met the other evening and decided 
that they would take no job without 
providing that all sub-contractors should 
hire none but union labor and pay union 
wages. It was also resolved to ask the 
union men to keep a watch upon pros- 
pective buildings, and keep them out of 
the hands of scab contractors. 



Carpenters Union 3, of Whe 
W. Va*, at their general meetin ■» 
February 5, passed resolutions d 
ing that they would not submit t< ny 
reduction in wages from that pa in 
1885. 

Union 7, of Louisville, is aetiv 
work, enrolling new members at • ry 
mopf ing. The need of thorough Oi 
zation is generally recognized, and 
interest is taken in this branch of 
throughout that city. 

So Confident are the contractor; 
architects of Chicago that the eight 
day will prevail after Mav next, tl 
estimates for next years buildi if 
based on an eight-hour workday. v 
of action is all that is needed to 
success in this movement. 

Efforts promising of success a 
ing made by the Carpenters Unit 
Newark and Orange, N. N., to ha' 
work on Harry Miners Theat 
Newark, done by union men. I 
they are ably backed by the Tradv^i A 
sembly of that city. 

The Brick-Masons and carpenters are 
becoming very thoroughly organized in 
this city, and we hope soon to see a 
union carpenter refuse to work on a 
building with a rat bricklayer and a 
union bricklayer refuse to work with a 
rat carpenter . — Memphis Record . 

The National Convention of the Car- 
penters Unions, of Germany, will be 
held in Breslau on June 13. Over 100 
local unions of the National “Verband” 
will be represented. The convention of 
the brick-masons National Union will 
open in Dresden on March 29. 

Organized labor wins another victory 
in the surrender of the Dueber Watch- 
Case Company. For nearly eight months 
organized labor has been waging legiti- 
mate warfare against the company, but 
they have at last learned that the ad- 
vertising incident to a boycott is not of 
the most profitable kind, and they have 
reinstated all of their old employes. 

The Difficulty with the Rhode Is- 
land Granite Works, of Westerly, R. I., 
is settled. The boycott on S. G. Batter- 
son’s granite is hereby lifted, and the 
job is now open to Union men, by order 
the Westerly branch. Members and 
labor organizations will oblige by re- 
moving all obstacles in the way of giv- 
ing full effect to the settlement. 

The Carpenter, official organ of the 
Carpenters" Brotherhood of the United 
States, has been of immense service in 
the boycott of scab nails. It has cir- 
culated the very points needed among 
the men who use nails, and reports from 
all over the country show; that they 
have co-operated with the Ohio Valley 
Trades Assembly . — Ohio Valley Boy cotter. 

We Call attention to the advertise- 
ment of Andrews Saws on the 8th page of 
this journal. These saws are in every 
respect worthy of trial, and are highly 
praised by all who have used them. In 
fact all the saws of the Andrews manu- 
facture are first-class in quality, and 
stand the test of good service. And an- 
other thing in favor of the firm; it stands 
in full accord and in thorough sym- 
pathy with organized labor. The senior 
of the firm, Mr. Emanuel Andrews, was 
recently elected a member of the City 
Council, oi Williamsport, Pa., in anta- 
gonism to the Water Monopoly of the 
city. 



News from all Points. 



New York, the street car drivers have won 
hours, the engineers on the elevated roads 
gained the a hours,4-Tho^&rIy closing move- 
iii behalf of clerks and salesmen, to close 
ores at 7 p, M. has revived in all the large 
. and proved successful. “Clergy men are urg- 
eir congregations to encourage the Saturday 
loliday.— The tobacco works, of Quincy, 11L 
lopted 8 hours, and has taken the title of the 
it Hour Tobacco Co.”—' The ton hour law 
ed this year in place of the eleven hours 
n is now the rule in the mills of Rhode Is- 
-The Ohio House of Representatives has 
' I an eight hour bill-legislatures in other 
i ftl T e V 18e , dealing with the question, 
lent Cleveland has ordered, the 
'■ » Wfcthmal eight-hour law.— Kight-nour mass 
ngs are held nightly all over the land, and 
rily press is teeming with eight-hour items. 
R. Messinger k Co., Tobacco Manufacturers, 
to, 0., employing 201) hands, inaugurated the 
hours and full pay on Feb. 15. — In Minne- 
*« Minn.,M. W. Glenn’s Boiler Works, conc«d- 
lonr* and full 1 ' 11 : f 



/ ' H»r J- • .*-■ L J - - - - r --'i i 1 ! A mj- • 1 

g ana full pay. The furn&cemen of the Edgar 
oopson Steel Works, have won the Shours.-Tho 
. )rity of the manufacturing firms of Cincinnati, 
are in favor of 8 hours constituting a days work— - 
The Paper Hangers of New York have never work- 
ed more than 8 nours a day. 

In England the movement has taken hold again. 
The Liverpool Longshoremen have won 9 hours 
after a bitter strike.— In Edinburgh the 8 hour 
system will be adopted May I, by the stone masons 
and also in Dundee. 

The American Flint Glass Workers Unions have 
decided on a complete cessation of work, from 
June 30 to Aug. I, to escape the severe heat of the 
furnaces in summer, and to restrict production.— 
The 8 hour system is now in force in many of the 
Missouri Pacific car and machine shops.— It ia 
proposed to establish 8 hours on May 1, in the coal 
mines of Schuylkill, Columbia, Northumberland 
and other counties of Pennsylvania,— Operative 
Plasterers of Philadelphia.wiil work 9 hours a day 
for 5 days, and 8 hours on Saturday, for $3.50 per 
day— There is one trade in New York which does 
not allow its members to work overtime, that of 
the cabinet makers. The cabinet makers and cus- 
tom upholsterers of New York city, announce that 
they intend to work only 8 hours a day after May 
1, 1886.— The cabinet makers of Philadelphia, Bab 
timore and St. Louis, will enforce 8 hours on May 
1.— 1 TheJStone Cutters Union, of Topeka, Kan,, 
propose to live up to the 8 hours this spring, the 
same as they have been working all winter. 

From Washington, I). C.. comes the news that 
granite cutters, bricklayers, carpenters, and all 
the building trades, will adopt 8 hours May 1.— In 
Philadelphia on and after April 24, the bricklay- 
ers will work 9 hours per day for $3.50, the bosses 
conceded it. In Cleveland, O., the same.— The 9 
hour rule will be universally adopted May I, by 
all unions under the jurisdiction of the lii’t. un- 
ion of Bricklayers. — Chicago Trade and Labor As- 
sembly, has issued an 8 hour circular to manufac- 
turers and employers, and has issued several ap- 
peals to the workinygmen.— W, H. Foster Sec’y. of 
the Federation of Trades of North America, baa 
been actively canvassing the sentiment of the 
trades and labor unions all over the States.— In 
Canada, in Ti ronto, St. Thomas and other cities, 
notices have been served on employers requesting 
the 9 hours.— All the local unions of Cigar Makers 
Int. Union, will adopt the 8 hours on May 1. — The 
Illinois State Labor Convention pronounced ID 
favor of 8 hours. 

In Chicago the move men t-h as assumed formid* 
able proportions, and the bricklayers, plasterers, 
cigar makers and printers, have taken decided 
ground.— In Grand Rapids. Mich., a huge 8 hour 
movement is rolling up. Bro. Hodges of Union 60. 
presided at an 8 hour conference of all the build- 
ing trades. — The Carpenters Unions are likewise 
moving, some for 8 hours, and some for 9 hours 
and 9 hours has been granted as a concession in 
several instances. — At a conference in brand 
Rapids, Mich., a carpenter said: “The hog that 
insists on rooting sixteen hours a day needs to 
have a ring put in his nose.” The Labor Tribune 
says; We have very little faith m the efficacy of 
legislation in this matter. The way to win 8 hours 
is for the workmen to take hold and work no 
longer than 8 hours on and after the 1st day of 
May next. A book full of statutes cannot en- 
force such a law — this lies with the parties inter- 
ested themselves to do. 



THE SCOUNDREL SAVAGE. 

At la.*t accounts this swindler and dead beat 
was in Danbury, Conn. But our members there 
were on the alert and after being closely shadow- 
ed by detectives, Savage left the town and is now 
said to he in Millerton, N. Y, 





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THE CARPENTER. 



Entered at the Post-Office as second-class matter ■ 
Published at No. 19 Frankfort St.. Cleveland, 0, 



CLEVELAND, MARCH, 1886, 



AN EIGHT HOUR SONG. 

Air — “ Hold the Fort.” 

Ho! my brothers! see the danger, 

Gath’ring fast and dread; t 

Mammon's legions are preparing, 

Stealthily they tread. 

Chorus, 

Hold your ground, for they are coming, 

Up our hreast-work throw; 

Rally for Eight Hours, Oh, brothers, 

Hurl we back the foe! 

Rise! Oh, people! chains are forging! 

Power and pride conspire; _ 

Children slayers, home despoilers, 

Crime promoters dire. 

Chorus — Hold your ground, etc. 

Who are plotters? Who are traitors,— 

Foes of God and Man? 

They who grind and plunder labor, 

Grasping all they can. 

Chorus — Hold your ground, etc. 

Creep tney ward, und«i .«Uaio J > 

Freedom’s proudest tower, 

Stealing from the people ever, 

Sapping hope and power. 

Chorus — Hold your ground, etc. 

Bolder still grows Mammon’s challenge, 
Barer grow his arts; 

For he sees* the people rising, 

Courage m their nearte. 

Chorus — Hold your ground, tho battle’s coming 

PW„lom <■ 11* At«! “Qh, rvv children. 

Help me, or i lah! 

Shout we back the lofty answer; f s 

All join — “March we at thy call!” 

Chorus — Hold your ground, the battle’s coming 

Shall the people live or perish? 

Wo the answer give; 

Ho, my brothers, lift your voices: 

AW ion*.— “Live! the people— live!” 
Chorus— Hold your ground, the battle's coining. 



TO THE SCABS. 



PHILADELPHIA CARPENTERS CONCEDED 
THE NINE HOURS. 

A meeting of Master Carpenters and 
Bulders was held yesterday afternoon, 
March 3, at the office of Stacey, Reeves 
& Sons, No. 120 North Thirteenth street, 
to consider the circular relative to 
shorter working hours, addressed to 
each by Local Union No. 8, of the 
Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners 
of America. Joseph Cooper presided, 
and Thomas Little acted as Secretary, 
The meeting was attended by the follow- 
ing builders or their representatives: 
William C. McPherson & Sons, Yarnall 
& Cooper, George Watson & Sons, Stacey 
Reeves & Sons, Mariner & Buckingham, 
J, E. & A. L. Pennock, Benjamin 
Ketehuin & Son, James B. Doyle, John 
Duncan, Kemp & Garrison, James 
Bradin, Kister & Drum, Adam A* 
Catanach, Thomas Little & Son, Rich- 
ards & Shourds, William Devitt & Sons, 
T. H. Doan, Jacob Myers, Henry Taylor, 
George Payne & Co., Thomas Marshall, 
R. Q. Gibbon, Wendell & Smith, and 
John W T . Leamy. 

The journeymen carpenters in their 
circular which was read, asked their 
employers u to favor” them “with, your 
opinion on the question of shortening 
the hours of labor,” and concluded thus: 
“Our action on May 1st will be influ- 
enced by the sentiments we hear ex- 
pressed in your reply.” 

William * C. McPherson, Benjamin 
Ketehum, Stacey Reeves, George Wat- 
son, Thomas Little and others spoke in 
favor of making nine hours constitute a 
day’s work on and after May 1st. The 
drift of their remarks was that the jour- 
neymen carpenters were more reason- 
able in their demands than any other 



The Poet, Moore, must have had the scabs in 
his eye when he wrote the following: 

Oh for a tongue to curse the slave. 

Whose treason, like a deadly blight. 

Comes o’er the counsels of the brave. 

And blasts them in their hour of might! 

May life’s unblessed cup for him 
Be drugg’d with treacheries to the brim— 
With hopes that but allure to fly. 

With joys that vanish while he sips. 

Like Dead-sea fruits that tempt the eye 
Rut turn to ashes on the lips! 

His country’s course, his children’s shame, 
Outcast of virtue, peace and fame. 

May he, at last, with lips of flame. 

On the parch’d desert thirsting die, — 

While lakes that shone in mockery nigh 
Are failing oft, untouch’d, untasted, 

Like the once glorious hopes he blasted! 

And, when from earth his spirit flies, 

Just Prophet, let the damn’d one dwell 
Full in the sight of Paradise, 

Beholding heaven, and feeling hell! 



class of mechanics. They were espe- 
cially commended for having no arbi- 
trary rules in relation to the employ- 
ment of apprentices, and while they had 
a fixed standard for a day’s wages, they 
did not insist on an inferior mechanic 
receiving as much as a skilled hand and 
rapid worker. 

The fact that journeymen were com- 
pelled to buy their own tools was spoken 
of as a hardship. The carpenters of this 
city were described by one of the speak- 
ers as an intelligent, industrious and 
faithful set of men, and he said it would 
be a great hardship to require them to 
work ten hours, when the bricklayers, 
plasterers and other tradesman work 
but nine. . , _ A , 

A resolution was unanimously adopted 
to the effect that the master carpenters 
are willing that nine j^ours shall consti- 
tute a day’s work on and after May 1st, 
and the Secretary was requested to in- 
form Local Union No. 8 of this action. 

Philadelphia Daily Ledger. 

KARL MARX ON THE NORMAL WORKDAY. 

Among all the writers on political 
economy Karl Marx stands prominent, 
and has a world-wide reputation as one 
of the ablest scientific writers on labor 
matters. In his famous work '‘Das Kap- 
ital,” Karl Marx uses the following lan- 
guage in treating the question of shorter 
hours of labor; 

“Capital is dead labor, which lives 
vampire-like by sucking in living labor, 
and lives the more, the more it sucks in. 
The time during which the workman 
labors is the time during which the cap- 
italist consumes the Labor-force pur- 
chased from him. If the workman 
consumes his available time for himself 
lie robs the capitalist. The capitalist 
falls back upon the law regulating the 
exchange of commodities. He, like 
every other purchaser, seeks to wring 
the greatest possible use out of the util- 
ity value of his commodity. But sud- 
denly the voice of the workman, drowned 
in the storm and stress of the process of 
production, makes itself heard: ‘The 
commodity which I have sold to you is 
distinguished from all other commodi- 
ties by its creating a utility value greater 
than it costs itself. This was the reason 
why you bought it. What appears on 
your "side as realization of capital, ap- 
pears on my side as superfluous expendi- 
ture of my Labor-force. You and I 
recognize in the arena of the market but 
one law, that of the exchange of com- 
modities (supply and demand). And 
the consumption of the commodity does 
not belong to the seller, who delivers it, 
but to the buyer who acquires it. To 
you belongs, therefore, the use of my 
daily Labor-force. But by means of its 
daily sale price I must daily reproduce 
it, and hence can sell it anew. Apart 
from natural decay, through old age, &c., 
I must be able to work again to-morrow 
in the same normal condition of power, 
health and freshness as to-day. You 
are continually preaching to me the gos- 
pel of ‘saving r and ‘abstinence.’ Good! 
I will, like a sensible, saving, business 
man, preserve my only faculty, my 
Labor-force, and abstain from any fool- 
ish expenditure of it, I will only ex- 
pend as much of it — daily convert as 
much of it into work — as is consistent 
with its normal continuance and healthy 
development. By a measureless length- 
ening of the working day, you use up 
more of my Labor-force than I can re- 
place in three days. What you thus 
gain in work 1 lose in the substance of 
work. Using my capacity for labor and 
robbing me of it are two quite different 
things. I demand, therefore, a working 
day of normal length, and I demand it 
without any appeal to your heart, for in 
money matters compassion has no place. 
You may be a model citizen, perhaps a 
member of the Society for the Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to Animals, and stand in 
the odour of sanctity in addition, but the 
thing that you represent to me carries 
no heart in its breast. What seems to 
beat therein is my own heart’s pulse. I 
demand a normal working day, because 
T demand the value of my commodity 
like every other vendor,’ ” 



LABOR UNIONS. 



If Overproduction results under the 
10-hour systenT, then reduce the hours 
of labor and so apportion the work that | 
all men may have an equal chance to 
labor and to live, and thus become the j 
consumers they should be. ) 



They have Existed for Over Two Thousand 
Years, Ever Growing in Power 
and Intelligence. 

The current labor difficulties have 
brought the subject of labor organiza- 
tions into special prominence. Many 
people believe them to be an outgrowth 
of modern civilization and the result of 
new social conditions. But labor organ- 
izations are no new thing. In fact, they 
are among the oldest of the combina- 
tions of men of which there is record. 

Early in 1884 the Merchant Tailors’ 
Exchange of Washington applied to the 
Department of State lor certain inform- 
ation. To comply with this request the 
department, in Slay of that year, sent 
out a trade guild circular to the United 
States Consuls stationed in different 
parts of Europe, asking the following 
questions: 

1. Are there any schools in your dis- 
trict where boys can learn the tailor’s 
trade? If so, what are the laws by 
which they are governed? Is the sys- 
tem a success ? 

2. Are there any guilds connected with 
the trade ? By what rules are they gov- 
erned ? 

3. What are the laws and regulations 
governing apprenticeships ? 

The circular further euHked for inform- 
ation relating to the conditions and rela- 
tions of employers and employed in the 
principal trades. The answers take a 
wide range, and together make a hook 
of three hundred pages. Consul James 
T. Du Bois, at Leipsic, Germany, as a 
preface to his report on the industrial 
condition in Germany, gives a concise 
history of trade organizations. Soon 
after the dawn of authentic history he 
finds mention of them. In early Gre- 
cian and Roman history there are" traces 
of trade guilds, and sixty-seven years 
before the Christian era they had grown 
so pow erful in Rome as to greatly offend 
the aristocratic element, and a Senatorial 
decree w r as obtained to abolish all ex- 
cept those absolutely necessary to the 
State, such as the guilds of the iron, 
copper and goldsmiths. 

In A. D. 590 there is mention of a 
stonecutters’ and carpenters’ guild in 
Lombardy, and emigrants to France and 
Holland long before this had carried the 
guild system there. In 1099 a guild of 
weavers is mentioned as having existed 
a long time in Germany. In 1104 a 
butchers’ guild was established. In 
1106 the fishermen formed one. In 1134 
a butchers’ guild was established in 
Paris, and 1149 a weavers’ at Cologne. 
The shoemakers’ guild of Magdeburg is 
mentioned for the first time in 1 157, In 
1162 there were six guilds in Halle, com- 
posed of shopkeepers, shoemakers, 
bakers, butchers, smiths and weavers, 
while in London there were fifteen of 
these guilds in 1180. 

During the . twelfth, thirteenth and 
fourteenth centuries these labor organi- 
zations met with bitter and violent oppo- 
sition from the aristocracy. In 1220 they 
were prohibited by the imperial order of 
Frederick II., and six of their masters 
put to death at Brunswick, and six more 
banished. In 1331, at Magdeburg, the 
leaders were burned alive, and every 
indignity and cruelty visited upon them. 
In spite of this they grew and flourished. 
Crushed in one locality, they sprung up 
in another, stronger and more aggres- 
sive. 

It is curious and instructive to note 
that, while the earlier organizations 
prospered under the most cruel oppres- 
sion, with the increase of their power 
and material strength in the fourteenth 
century came internal quarrels and dis- 
sensions which destroyed their power 
and usefulness for a long period. Like 
many institutions of modem times, they 
did well on opposition, only to be ruined 
by prosperity. While they were in this 
unhappy condition the bitter struggle 
for the Reformation began, and many 
members entered the military service. 
At the close of the Thirty Years’ War, in 
1648, the aristocrats were in absolute 
control of affairs in Germany, and the 
guilds had sunk so low as to be without 
power or influence. 

This decadence, which began early in 
the twelfth century, had an interesting 
and significant origin. Up to that time 
members of the labor organizations 
elected their own masters and chose 
their own leaders. In 1370 came a 



change. The right of suffrage was taken 
away from the members, the masters 
becoming aristocratic and arbitrary ; the 
guilds quarreled among themselves, lost 
power and influence, and fell into disre- 
pute. This condition of affairs contin- 
ued into the sixteenth century. 

It appears, then, that instead of being 
a recent invention, the work of modern 
agitators, labor organizations have ex- 
isted for more than two thousand years. 
Begun in the endeavors of the toiling 
masses to free themselves from the yoke 
of oppression, they have been the" de- 
fenders of civil liberty, the promoters of 
the arts and sciences, and unquestion- 
ably have been of incalculable value to 
the" wage earners of the world. It is 
probable that the modern trades unions 
bear little resemblance to the ancient 
guilds. It is only of late and in this 
country that laborers and artisans have 
attained anything like social or political 
equality. Here, instead of being burned 
at the stake and suffering banishment, 
the members of trades unions are treated 
as free and equal citizens. Instead of 
the torch and the sw ord, the principle 
of arbitration is to govern and adjust 
the future differences between employer 
and employed. Instead of being con- 
sidered a danger to the state and a 
menace to order, labor organizations 
will be accounted among the most im- 
portant factors in the world’s progress. — 
Elihu If. Hayes, in Boston Globe . 



HOW TO PROTECT THE CARPENTER 
TRADE. 

Having had ten years’ experience as 
a foreman in the carpenter trade in Con- 
necticut, I feel it my duty to say a word 
in the Carpenter, and to express in the 
plainest terms possible how I believe 
the trade may be improved to the ad- 
vantage of all engaged therein. It is 
not necessary to tell any joiner who 
works at the business to-day that it is 
the poorest trade on earth for the jour- 
neyman, for no man can follow the busi- 
ness and do whatever comes to hand, 
and work with tools from his own chest, 
without carrying a stock of at least $150 
worth of tools, while the average wages 
will not exceed $2.25 per day. I t is this 
small pay that prompts one-half of these 
Cheap John contractors to start in the 
first place, and when they do start, they 
are so anxious for work that they do ft 
for almost the cost of the material, and 
hire the cheapest help that can be found 
in order to save themselves. Now, if 
these same Jim Crow contractors could 
get fair wages for their work, they would 
work for journeymen’s wages and let 
contracting alone. And again, if the 
journeymen carpenters of the land 
would unite, and not work with a man 
unless he was capable of commanding 
the general average of wages, it would 
compel contractors to employ workmen 
and thus force the botch out of the busi- 
ness, or compel him to work for botch 
contractors, who would then be singled 
out and could not carry on business. 
They would be shoved out. This done, 
contractors could employ good men to 
do good work and get good prices for their 
work, and on the whole, the carpenter 
business would be improved, and all 
engaged therein benefited. 1 have 
helped to organize four Unions in the 
State of Connecticut since last March, 
and I believe the Brotherhood is the 
only organization that can uplift the 
carpenters. C. C. C. 

Danbury , Conn . 



THE EIGHT HOUR DEMAND. 

The eight-hour movement is reported 
from the large cities as being in full 
swing. This is more especially the case 
in Chicago and St. Louis. There is now 
less than three months to work it up, 
and this time should see every day oc- 
cupied by the labor organizations. It 
should be used as an inducement to 
bring men into the unions. 

Our advice is to concentrate upon the 
eight-hour demand. Differences of lesser 
importance can be safely left in the back 
ground, and as great force as possible to 
muster, brought to bearjupon this central 
idea. Of course there may be matters 
in dispute that should not be neglected, 
but the smaller sort and new issues ot 
the leaser description should be passed 
by as much as possible in order to bring 
the masses to bear in favor of the eight- 
hour demand. — Labor Tribune . 



TIEIIE CAEPENTEE. 



3 



MAN’S ONLY RIGHT IS TO DO HIS DUTY. 

It gives me great pleasure to learn 
that the time has arrived when it be- 
comes possible to unite the Carpenters 
of New York City and vicinity in the 
bond of free and spontaneous brother- 
hood. The success of the Locomotive 
Engineers, employed on the elevated 
railways of this city furnishes a profound 
lesson that behooves every worker, and 
for that matter every employer, to “read, 
mark, learn and inwardly digest.” It 
furnishes another proof of the organic, 
and therefore, immortal character of the 
social institutions, called “TradeUnions.” 
It proves that tfiose organizations, which, 
under the stable leadership of strictly 
responsible officers, devote themselves 
more and more to the performance of 
positive functions — such as the guaran- 
tee of a living to their members in 
periods of enforced idleness, sickness, 
for life insurance, fraternal purposes, 
etc., are steadily making their way to 
the exclusion of those organizations 
based upon negative ideas, upon social 
antagonism, and which, owing largely to 
incompetent leadership, drift into indus- 
trial warfare, and consequently are too 
prone to regard capital or the capitalist 
as having no claim to social considera- 
tion, that labor or the laborers are 
morally bound to respect. I know, few' 
better, that the workers in the course of 
their historical development must pass 
through the dark valley of slavery and 
social hatred before they can reach the 
upper paths of liberty and social love. 
But there is no cause why they should 
suffer from poverty to-day in this new 
fatherhood of America except it springs 
from their own ignorance and selfish- 
ness, preventing them rallying around 
the banners of such intelligent and fra- 
ternal organizations as the Brotherhood 
of Carpenters, except it be their un- 
willingness to give up a barren struggle 
for individual “rights,” and except it be 
their inability to recognize the grand 
truth that “man’s only right is to do his 
duty,” and that duty is to 'Live For 
Others' Hugh McGregor, 

New York , 



THE APPRENTICE SYSTEM. 

The need of a better apprentice law is 
apparent to all who have noticed the 
large increase of poor workmanship. A 
law that will be just, having in view the 
complete industrial education of the ap- 
prentice, and full protection of the mas- 
ter would meet with favor from the or- 
ganized workman beyond a doubt. 

The rapid increase in the number of 
half finished workmen, the demand for 
cheap work, fastened by the Goverment 
in giving out its work to the low est bid- 
der, and augmented by industrial schools 
where a smattering of trades is the only 
result, will ultimately lessen the de- 
mand for finished mechanics. In an 
economic sense cheap labor (poor work- 
manship) on good materials is an extra- 
vagant waste. Each community is equal- 
ly interested in maintaining a high 
standard of workmanship, and the best 
way to maintain it, is, to pay a premium 
for it, and provide for the proper educa- 
tion of the apprentice. 

Washington , D. C. G, E, 



EIGHT HOURS IN DENVER. 

The time is ripe, I think, for the eight- 
hour movement. We are just beginning 
to recover from a long financial depres- 
sion, and everything points to good 
times next summer, and then is the time 
to ask for eight hours. We certainly 
cannot gain the concession when times 
are growing harder. We will he refused, 
and even be blamed for making times 
hard by making a fight for it ; per con- 
tra, when times are prosperous we shall 
meet w'ith little opposition, and, gaining 
the fight, can turn the tables by claiming 
that trie good times are the result of the 
success of the eight-hour movement. 
Most of the leading contractors will con- 
cede the propriety of the request now; 
and better yet, trie plains country be- 
tween here and the Missouri river is 
having a boom which protects us where 
we were most menaced, E. E. R. 

Denver , Col. 



The Increase in the use of machinery 
has rendered ten hours labor far more 
exhausting than formerly. 



DAY WORK, ITS ADVANTAGES AND THE 
EVILS OF THE CONTRACT SYSTEM. 

Day work is not only the fairest and 
best way of having and doing carpen- 
ter work, but many other kiqds of w r ork. 
When a person has work to be done, 
and has the work done by the day, and 
pays a fair price for the work performed, 
all employes as a rule, work well and 
willing, doing their work the best they 
can and all they can. They do not have 
to be watched, nor driven like slaves in 
olden times, or like cattle to the slaugh- 
ter-house. 

Pay a man or woman well, treat them 
kind and like human beings should be 
treated, and I am free to affirm that a 
large majoriry will do what is right and 
be just to their employers. 

All Government, State. County and 
City work, as well as private work, 
should be done by the day and never 
contracted. If men and women were 
given constant employment by the day, 
at fair wages, by a mutual agreement, 
by and between all parties interested, 
there would be no need of strikes and 
so much dissatisfaction. 

Being a carpenter, I desire to advo- 
cate day work in the erection of build- 
ings in particular, because in that I am 
not only interested for myself alone, 
but for the Brotherhood of Carpenters 
and Joiners of America. 

Our bread and meat depend upon our 
work. And day work would insure us 
more work, better pay andjfess trouble; 
not only that, but it would do better for 
all parties concerned. The parties hav- 
ing houses erected, would get better 
houses, better work, and as a rule better 
material, or cheaper if they wished. 
They could select or have selected, just 
such material as they wanted and would 
know what they were getting. If Mr. 
A., wants to get a house built, he gets 
Mr. B., an architect to draw up the 
plans, and let it out to the lowest bid- 
der. Mr. C. takes it at 10, 15, or 25 per 
cent, less than it is worth. He has to 
get out some way. Are there not build- 
ings let out that wav all the time, all 
over the country? Mr. C* cheats a little 
in the material, and a good deal in the 
labor. And Mr. A. has an inferior build- 
ing of poor material, thrown together 
like boys throwing mud-balls on an old 
wall to see them stick. The owner can’t 
be at the building all the time to see 
everything, and perhaps is not a good 
judge and the consequence is C. takes 
the advantage every chance he gets. 
Well says one, Mr. B. the architect is 
there to superintend the work, and sec 
the material. He is not and cannot be 
there all the time. In the first place C. 
gets cheaper material than the contract 
calls for if he can, and then either hires 
poor cheap men to do the work — that is 
men who do not understand their busi- 
ness, and work a little cheaper than good 
mechanics, or he will sublet it out to the 
lowest bidder by the job or piece to the 
same poor class of men. And they rush 
the work through with all possible 
speed, slighting it wherever ana when- 
ever they can, which they can do in 
many ways; where lumber should be 
smoothed and sand-papered, they saw it 
off and nail it up or down, as the case 
may be. Nail the floor in every other 
joist, lay the shingles a little more to 
the weather than they should be, drive 
the screws with their little hatchets, 
saying “there are tricks in all trades but 
ours” Mr. A. may not, and frequently 
does not find out these things until too 
late. 

I remember once several years ago. I 
was laying a floor for a boss, and had 
several boards down, was nailing in 
every joist as I thought it should be 
done. When Mr. Boss happened along 
on purpose no doubt, and saw wliat I 
was doing, and how I was doing it. He 
said, “nail it in every other joist; that 
will do.” I don’t suppose the owner of 
the building found it out until after it 
was paid for and too late to kick. You see 
the boss saved nails and about a third 
or a quarter of my time, dr wages. 

Nails are often left out in all parts of 
the building; plastering and painting 
botched up. The result is that a house 
put up in triat way is like asuit of clothes 
half made; they soon get out of repair 
and have to be fixed up and patched up, 
which cost more than to have hired 
good men by the day, and had good ma- 
terial, and had the work done right in 
the first place. 



Public buildings and public works are 
often paid for at enormous rates, yet the 
public does not get the benefit of the 
money paid. It frequently happens that 
some pet contractor gets a big price be- 
cause he is inside of some political ring, 
and sometimes lives in a different local- 
ity. In that event he often gets men 
away from where the work is to be done. 
The money all goes to the locality where 
the contractor lives, when, if it was done 
by the day, and men who lived in the 
locality were employed, they would pay 
the money out about as fast as they 
earned it, and it would be retained at 
home. 

Public contract work is sometimes 
done by convict labor, which is still 
worse. Buildings put up by the day 
would be better and fully as cheap, if 
not cheaper, than when let by contract. 
Now, if a professor or business man 
wants to build a good house, would it 
not be better for him to select some of 
his friends or customers, or some one 
they would recommend to do his work 
by the day, even if it coct him a little 
more money at the time. No one will 
pretend to say but what he would get a 
better job, and get bis money all back, 
and in time to come more too, by em- 
ploying his customers and friends who 
live in the vicinity. They would con- 
tinue to give him their patronage. But 
suppose he lets out his building to the 
lowest bidder, and that bidder does not 
happen to be a carpenter, that contrac- 
tor might give him some patronage, but 
if the contractor hired other men, stran- 
gers, they would be under no obligations 
only to the contractor, and not much to 
him if he forced them to work for a 
small pittance. I know the great ex- 
cuse is they want a man to take the^ 
whole contract, furnish all the material, 
do the work, and give them the keys, 
building all complete. 

Let us pause and think about this for 
a moment. If they really don’t want to 
have any bother looking after the work, 
and can trust to an architect and con- 
tractor by contract, could not they trust 
them by the day just the same as If they 
were doing the work by contract. 1 
have already shown how men may do 
when they have a low contract. When 
they are employed by the day at fair 
wages there is no incentive for them to 
do mean tricks. Again, if a man hires 
his building put up by the day, he can 
make all the changes he desires to make. 
It is a well known fact by all who are 
posted in the business, that many con- 
tractors, nearly all, aim to make up low 
contracts and their losses on changes, 

I and that on all extras they charge an 
exorbitant price, and that after any 
change is made on a building, which is 
not specified or spoken of, the contract 
I is violated, and gives the contractor the 
inside track unless the changes are 
mutually agreed upon by both parties, 
and to make it binding in law it would 
have to be reduced to writing or good 
witnesses present. Another thing, 
houses built by cheaper contractors 
often fall down before or soon after they 
are done, killing, crippling, injuring 
men, women and children, and whoever 
causes the death or injury of any in that 
way make losses they can never replace. 
And whoever causes the death of a hu- 
man being is guilty of murder and 
should be severely punished. The 
greatest benefits to be derived then from 
day work are the owners get safer and 
better buildings. The employers get 
better pay and are sure of their wages, 
(wherever there is a good lein law, and 
there should be in every State.] They 
don’t have to risk some rascally boss or 
contractor skipping out with their hard 
earnings, and beating everybody inter- 
ested. Day work would uo away to a 
great extent with the dictates and abuse 
of mean contractors and bosses, with 
the useless and unfair competition by 
which men undertake to do work for 
less than it is worth or should be done 
for. If work was done bv the day more 
men would be employed on tlieir true 
merits because they were good work- 
men, good hands to work, Ac., or, in 
other words, the best men would get the 
preference. How is it now ? The fastest 
and strongest man only is wanted, and it 
is quantity, not quality, they demand. 
If a person gets a doctor, a lawyer, or a 
teacher, they want the best. If they 
buy goods of any kind they want the 
best they can get "for the money paid out. 



Now, in view of such an array of facts— 
and more can be given— would it not be 
better to have all building done by the 
day than to have it let out to the lowest 
bidder and cheapest contractor. Would 
it not be well for carpenters and every- 
body else, and especially The Brother- 
hood of Carpenters and Joiners of 
America to advocate day-work, shorter 
hours, and half the clay on Saturday 
afternoon for holiday, Raise the cry of 
day work, and keep it up until the object 
is accomplished. 

Yours, fraternally, 

Los AngeloSy Cal. J. D. Bailey. 



HOW THE DANGER CAN BE MET. 

The Organized Carpenters of New 
York have resolved to work not more 
than nine hours per day from March 8, 
and eight hours on Saturday, their daily 
wages to be $3.50. According to a report 
published by John Smnton's Paper, 
the Eight Hour Question was taken up 
first, but it was rejected. The majority 
of the speakers, though advocating this 
movement, seemed to be afraid that in 
case of a strike the Union would be 
crushed by carpenters coming from other 
parts of the country to take their places 
at ten hours a day; and this was the rea- 
son for adopting the above mentioned 
resolution. It seems to us that there 
was little logic iu such a proceeding. 
We cannot very well perceive that car- 
penters coming from other parts of the 
country should be a greater source of 
danger to the Union than the large num- 
ber of those who are without employ- 
ment in the great city throughout the 
entire year, ana the much larger num- 
ber of those who whether organized or 
not, are unable to earn Union wages in 
their shops. If they had resolved to 
work but eight ‘hours, and accepted a 
reduction of wages equal to the pay for 
one hours’ labor the danger of a strike 
would not be more imminent than at 
the present time. But that danger would 
probably be removed altogether if they 
had only resolved upon eight hours, and 
the same to be paid for at the present 
rate of wages. Under such circumstan- 
ces Union wages would probably have 
been enforced after a very short time 
for all; while they are now being paid 
only to a limited number of men who 
are out of employment for a consider- 
able number of days throughout the 
year. If the carpenters have been pre- 
vented from following their example by 
selfish motives, such motives are wrong 
and rather untimely. Competition by 
men from out of town can best be met 
by combining with those working in the 
country, and endeavoring to organize 
them iu all other cities, as for instance, 
the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Join- 
ers is doing it. — Furniture Workers Jour- 
nal. 




E. R. P., Worcester, Mum.— Why not insort a 
French Department in Thk Oahcbstjcr for tho 
benefit of our French members ? 

Answer: — If we do so, we will have 
next to insert a Scandinavian Depart- 
ment for our Danish, Swedish and Nor- 
wegian members, and we have many of 
them. Next we would have to run a 
Bohemian Department, for we have 
many Bohemians as members. Next 
we would have to accommodate other 
languages until we would have a pot 
pourri of a paper, and have to hire an 
accomplished linguist as an editor. 



George W. Collins, Decatur , III.—' Tho Carpen- 
try's Co-operative Association, of Decatur, de- 
sires assistance, and we wish to have the influ- 
ence of tho G. S. to secure us financial aid. W e 
propose to have sister unions take stock in the 
Association— one or more shares at $10 a share, or 
a loan of whatever they can afford. 

Answer: — There are a half dozen car- 
penters’ co-operative shops in as many 
local unions of the country, and all are 
in a similar plight. If we assist in one 
case, we would have to in another. It 
is no part of our programme to start or 
support co-operative shops at present. 
We have much more to do that is prac- 
tical. We were never called upon to 
officially sanction these shops in the 
first place, and hence we are not now 
responsible for the undertaking or its 
failure. Had we been consulted at first 
we would most positively have advised 
against them. 



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THE CARPENTER, 

Published Monthly 
—by the— 

Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, 



OIF 



Terms— Fifty cents a year, in advance, postpaid. 
Address all letters and monies, to 

P. J. McGUIRE, 

' Lock Box 180, Cleveland, Ohio. 



CLEVELAND« MARCH. 1886. 

OUR RELATIONS TO THE KNIGHTS OF 
LABOR. 

The question is often asked our mem- 
bers : “Is not the Brotherhood of Car- 

penters connected with the Knights of 
Labor?” To this the reply must be in 
the negative. No, our Brotherhood, as 
a body, is not connected with the Knights 
of Labor, though a number of our mem- 
bers individually are connected with the 
order, the same as they may belong to 
any other order. We do not interfere 
with them in exercising the right to join 
any society they may deem of benefit to 
them, so long as they do their duty as 
members of our Brotherhood. That is 
all we ask. 

Our Brotherhood is not at war w r ith 
the Knights of Labor, nor are we antag- 
onistic to them. On the contrary, we 
recognize them as a factor in the labor 
movement, and we are ever ready to 
co-operate with them and work in har- 
mony with them, as we are ever ready 
to lend a helping hand to all branches 
of honorable toil. This we have proven 
again and again in the time of any trade 
trouble, or when necessary “to enjoin an 
oppressor” by a boycott. Our local unions 
have always demonstrated their practi- 
cal sympathy w ith the cause of United 
Labor. Our local unions make it a rule 
to affiliate with the Trades’ Assembly, 
Central Labor Union, or whatever else 
it may be called, of their respective 
localities. 

We are not by any means exclusive, 
nor are we a close corporation. We be- 
lieve that all w T orkingmen have one com- 
mon cause, one mutual object, or, as the 
poet best expresses it : 

'* Laboring men and laboring women 
Have one glory and one aliatne ; 

Everything that's done inhuman 
Hurts all of them the 

Though the object is the same— human 
nature is of such a varied character, and 
the labor question is of such a complex 
and manifold range, that at the present 
stage of social ferment no one uniform 
method of solution can be adopted — no 
one uniform all-embracing plan of or- 
ganization can be accepted. Conse- 
quently, there needs be variety of organ- 
ization, but in this variety there can be 
unity of action— at least there need be 
no antagonism. 

The Trades Unions and Knights of 
Labor should work together in parallel 
lines without any collision or quarrels. 
And if any clash occurs, it is due more 
to the lack of understanding each others’ 
legitimate functions, or it is caused by 
the over-zealousness of some K. of L. 
Organizer burning with an unquench- 
able desire, as one said: “to capture every 
Trades’ Union, or bust them up.” From 
various sections w r e have received letters 
from our local unions in which they re- 
ported that some local organizer of the 
K. of L. was urging that the Union dis- 
band or w ithdraw from the Brotherhood 
and join the K. of L. in a body. Even 
now, in Washington, D. C., as soon as 
Carpenter’s Union No. 1 wa s suspended 
for non-payment of legal assessments, 



an effort was made to have all the funds 
of the Union, amounting to $2,300 or 
more, used as entrance fees into the 
K. of L. 

This certainly is not in accord w r ith 
the sentiment expressed by G. M. W. 
Powderly in his last annual address to 
to the G. A., when he said : 

While we should not tolerate undue interference 
with our members, we must not permit our mem 
bers to interfere with others ; we must al ways pro- 
mote the interest of every bona fide labor society 
in the country, and we must not do anything to 
injure such societies. 

Nor are these schemes for wrecking 
Trades Unions endorsed byMr.Pow'derly, 
who whites under date of December 26, 
1885, to W. H. Foster, Secretary of the 
Federation of Trades, and we take the 
liberty to cite a few passages from Mr. 
Pow^derly’s letter. 

To my knowledge our K. of L. organizers have 
never meddled in the affairs of Trades Unions, 
and if they have done so, such action was without 
any authority from the general officers of the 
Knights of Labor. * * * An understanding is 
what we want, not a quarrel. Our organizers will 
be instructed to avoid any clashing in future. I 
cannot answer for the admission of expelled mem- 
bers of Trades Unions into the K. of L. 

I have always held that the man who proved un 
true to his trade union was unfit for membership 
in the K of L., and I believe the majority of our 
members think as I do. We cannot help local 
quarrels, however, and if when anything of the 
kind occurs again, you will cause an investigation 
to bo made, or if you will call my attention to it I 
will have it investigated and properly adjusted. 

You may rest assured that if any organizer or 
other member has unnecessarily meddled in the 
affairs of any trade union, it has not been with my 
knowledge or consent. Such actions are very dis- 
tasteful to me. 

T. V. Powderly. 

This is very plain language from Grand 
MasterWorkman Powderly, and it should 
be heeded. On the same subject Gen- 
eral Secretary Fred. Turner writes to W. 
II. Foster: 

I was not aware that our organizers have at- 
tempted to undermine the existence of Trades 
Unions. Our Order does not, nor will it allow 
organizers to antagonize Trades Unions. * * * 
I should much rather see a closer affiliation be- 
tween Trades Unions and ourselves. * * * Our 
laws recently passed will tend to prevent those 
who have been recreant to their Union from be- 
coming members of the K. of L. 

Fred. Turner. 

This language is equally plain from 
Secretary Turner. If the advice of Pow- 
derly and Turner is not heeded and 
respected, then it is regarded as a very 
prominent case of “Precepts Not Prac- 
ticed.” It will not do to allow any quar- 
relling or dissemion between the K. of L. 
and the Trades Unions. Bro. Powderly 
puts it very patly when he said, in his 
address to the G. A . : 

“Nothing would please the enemies of labor bet- 
ter than to see labor societies* engaged in a warfare 
with each other. * * * And if capital could 
make use of one society with which to fight an- 
other until one would be vanquished, the members 
of the society that was driven to the wall would 
naturally thirst for revenge, and would assist in 
defeating the other The members of the Knights 
of Labor must make friends of all labor societies 
and enemies of none. 

We fully recognize the good work 
being done by the K. of L., and we ex- 
tend to it the hand of fraternity. Let 
each organization pursue its own chosen 
course and work together on its own 
lines, without any desire to raid each 
other or to clash. Much of these dis- 
sensions are originated by tricky poli- 
ticians, who want the organized labor of 
the country to commence an internecine 
war for mutual destruction. Why, then, 
quarrel for their benefit? Let us join 
hands and work in harmony. 



THIRTEEN NEW UNIONS. 

During the past month charters have 
been granted to thirteen new Unions, as 
follows: 143, Canton, Ö.; 144, Garden 
City, Kan.; 145, Pawtucket, R. L; 146, 
Schenectady, N. Y.; 147, Sioux City, 
Iowa; 148, Lincoln, Neb.; 149, Oscoda, 
Mich.; 150, Augusta, Ga., (white); 151, 
Ottawa, Can.; 152, Malden, Mass.; 163, 
Fort Wayne, Ind.; 154, Marlboro, 
Mass.; 155, Plainfield, N. J. To 
see our Brotherhood increasing so 
rapidly each month, and especially at 
present in the midst of a dull season, is 
very hopeful and encouraging, and 
should nerve every member to do his 
utmost for the cause. 



EQUALIZATION OF FUNDS AND UNIFORM 
DUES AND BENEFITS. 

By virtue of a resolution adopted 
August 8, 1884, by the last convention of 
the Brotherhood, the G. S. was instructed 
to issue a call for a popular vote six 
months before the next Biennial Con- 
vention, for or against the following 
questions : 

1. Equalization of Funds. 

2. Uniformity of Dues and Benefits. 

3. Establishment of a General Sick 
Benefit. 

In accordance with this the General 
Secretary is now preparing a circular, to 
be submitted to all the local unions for 
their consideration. The vote on the 
same will not be taken as a final de- 
cision, but rather more in the light of 
instructions or directions to the Conven- 
tion next August, and if the vote be 
favorable, then all that remains is for 
the Convention to frame laws covering 
the above principles. 

There is much to be urged in favor of 
the above proposition. The main point 
is that at present under our laws, a mem- 
ber may belong to a local union that has 
a sick benefit. He may be compelled to 
leave there and go elsewhere. He takes 
his traveling card and joins the union in 
the city where he takes up his new resi- 
dence. 

But he finds it has no sick benefit, and 
he is forced to either join it and forego 
the benefit to which he was formerly 
entitled, or else put himself to the in- 
convenience of continuing his member- 
ship in his former union, and of remit- 
ting his dues to it. 

And no matter which he chooses, each 
alternative is equally disagreeable. To 
avoid this the Amalgamated Carpenters, 
the Amalgamated Engineers, and the 
powerful trades unions of England have 
the system of uniform dues, and besides 
the other benefits, they have a general 
sick benefit. The International Cigar 
Makers’ Union, one of the most power- 
ful— and, financially, one of the best 
managed trades societies in America — 
also has the same system. It is founded 
on the idea that a trade union should be 
so organized as to aid its members as 
much as possible in all the many vicissi- 
tudes and ills of life. And be the bene- 
fit ever so small it is paid promptly, and 
as a duty, and not as charity or alms. 
Under such a system members will feel 
satisfied that they belong to a society 
that offers them a complete insurance in 
all the many risks of life, that they will 
be cared for in sickness as well as in case 
of any other mishap. 

To such a trade society, members will 
be equally, if not more loyal, than to 
any other Order, for in their trade soci- 
ety they will find not only all the bene- 
fits they can obtain in any Order, but 
they will likewise find one thing that is 
absent in all other fraternal orders, and 
that is trade protection, craft unity and 
class solidarity. 

It is this that has made the trade# 
unions of England the great social 
power and political factor they are to- 
day. Scouted, outlawed and despised 
half a century ago, they now rank high 
enough to have one of their number, 
Henry Broadhurst, a stone-mason, ele- 
vated to a Cabftt position. 

But back of the system of a general 
sick benefit, there must be uniform 
monthly dues — every union must charge 
the same uniform amount of dues to its 
members, and the amount of general 
sick benefit paid to a member must be 
the same per week in each and every 
union. If a larger sum of benefit is 



desired, or higher dues are required by 
any union, they can regulate that accord- 
ingly in their own by-laws. 

To make the system of general benefits 
secure and safe, the thing necessary is 
Equalization of Funds. And that is the 
rule in all the trades unions of England, 
and it is the rule in this country among 
the cigar-makers. Under the Equaliza- 
tion of Funds, the whole organization is 
one solid unit, financially, as well as 
numerically.' Each member has the 
same pro rata share in tfce entire finances 
of the organization by virtue of paying 
like dues with all others. No matter 
where a member goes, he feels sure his 
benefits are “as good as gold,” for he is 
guaranteed payment by the unification 
of the funds. And no matter what dis- 
aster or distress may befall a local union, 
the entire funds of the organization are 
ready to help it p ? ’ T all legal require- 
ments. 

With the system of Equalization, of 
course each union holds its own funds 
and monies, and there is a strict super- 
vision of the funds of the local unions 
and restriction as to expenditures, so as 
to prevent waste or squandering. 

There is much can be said in favor of 
the system, and wc will leave further 
arguments for another occasion. Like- 
wise there is a good deal can be said 
against the system, for it involves higher 
monthly dues than some would like to 
pay. This month we have simply opened 
the subject for the consideration of our 
members. 



HELP THE GENERAL SECRETARY. 

The business of this office and the 
work of the G. 8. has grown so enor- 
mously that he is compelled to make 
one or two requests. 

1. Write short letters to the G. 8. 
Don’t take up his time with long prosy 
letters of from four to twenty pages. Be 
brief. 

2. Expect brief answers in return 
from the G. S. 

3. If you have any trade news or in- 
formation to send, fill it out on the 
monthly C. 8. blanks lor that purpose, 

I or write on one side of the paper only. 

4. When you order supplies send the 
necessary cash with the order, and don’t 
send a little order one day to be followed 
by another small order the next week. 
Send for enough to do you for at least 
three months. 

By heeding the above requests, the 
work of the General Secretary will he 
greatly facilitated. 

During February last the G. S. re- 
ceceived 1,246 letters and 109 postals 
and answered all of them, as well as 
prepare this journal, send out organizing 
circulars to start new unions, keep his 
books, and attend to a score of routine 
duties. He is only human 1 



The Circulars issued by W. PL Fos- 
ter, of Philadelphia, Secretary of the 
Federation of Trades, and sent to all our 
local unions to vote on, are bona fide and 
duly authorized. Copies of the proceed- 
ings of the late Congress of the Federa- 
tion held at Washington, December 8th 
last, can be had at this office for 10 cents 
per copy. 

Our Mind is almost dazed as w v e con- 
template with what a rapid whirl, tho 
clergy, the newspapers, and many pub- 
lic men have been carried over to dis- 
cuss the once scouted Labor Question. 
No longer can they ignore it. That day 
has ceased. The forces behind it are 
growing irresistibly stronger and more 
influential. . 





TZEIIE! CJL-IRIPIEIbTTIEIR 



5 




THE EASTERN STATES. 



•NEW HAMPSHIUE. 

Manchester— Dull, SI -50 to $2.25; strike here 
in Amoskoag Mills holding linn. 



RHODE ISLAND. 

Protidence.— Very dull, many out of work 
$1,50 to $2*50. Carpenters better stay away from 
here as they will get nothing to do. 

Central Falls.— Mr. Arnold B. Chase is owner 
of the mills at Valley Falls, and pays low wages to 
carpenters. We make this correction in justice to 
Senator Chase, whom our correspondent last month 
stated was the ownar. 

Pawtucket. — There are 375 carpenters in this 
city and Central Falls, some arc doing repairs in 
factories and mills. There are 28 linns of con- 
tractors. A few lumber dealers here not long ago 
had to complete 3 houses to get their money as a 
consequence of unreliable contractors taking jobs 
too cheap, and then throwing them up. 



MASSACHUSETTS. 

Haverhill— Union 82 had a splendid ball on 
March 3. Trade quiet; Prospects good, wages cau 
easily be raised 25 cents a day if all hands will 
take hold. 

Northampton.— W e are well stated and good 
prospects of having every good carpenter to join 
us. All we want is to go careful and not carry 
things too far. 

Chelsea.— Fair; $1.50 to $2.75; members coming 
in steadily. Prospects fine. 

Cambridge. — Improving, 81.75 to $2.25. Pro- 
spects bright. Union 138 meets evefy Wednesday 
night. 

Brockton.— Union 130 booming, spring trade 
looks favorable. Our committee has conferred 
with bossös ou $2.50 per day for 10 hours on May 1. 
They are satisfied with our demand. 

Lawrence.— Union 111 held a largo rally in City 
Hall, Feb. 9, addressed by F. K. Foster and E. S. 
Sullivan. 

Lynn. — Middling; $2 to $2.75. Union 112 growing 
and will soon embrace every worthy carpenter. 
We have submitted a scale of prices to the bosses, 
some are kicking, but the majority favor it. 

S MRRviLLK. — City full of hay-seed botches, $1.50 
to 1.75, union wages $2.25; Trade dull. Prospects 
fine. We held a public meeting lately. 

Holyoke. — Middling; $2 to $2.50. Wages from 
May 1st will be $2.50 for 9 hours. Union 95 is ad- 
mitting none but first class mechanics. 

Worcester.— Quiet, Union 93 doing nicely. 

Boston.— On Feb. 22d the carpenters turned out 
400 strong in parade with transparency for * Light 
Hours.” They attended the meeting at I aneuil 
Hall. Union 33 is now booming and will hold mass 
meeting March 15th. We adopted resolutions ou 
Cigar Makers Unity, will publish in our next. 



CONNECTICUT. 

Ansonia. — Spring work starting good; 81.75 to 
Union 120 meets every 1st and 3d Wednes- 
day and members rolling in. Bosses favorable 
to us. 

Hartford— Q uiet, will bo brisk soon; 82 to 82.50. 
Union 43 growing. 

Watkrbury.— Very dull; wages $1.50 to $2.50; 
some want to pay only $2. Bro. Jas, L <rd fell 
from scaffold and fractured collar bone but is get- 
ting along nicely* 

Norwich.— Dull; $1.50 to 82.50; Chances good for 
spring work by tho hour. 

Meriden. — Union 49 held a sociable and added 
to its treasury by the same. Union men all to 
work and union growing. Prospects good, 

Danbury.— V ery dull, fair prospects, $1.75 to 
$2.50. Union 121 booming. 

Bridgeport*— S tagnant; $1.25 to $2.50, best of 
prospects; some offer 15 cents per hour. We have 
notified owners of buildings and contractors to 
have none but union men, several owners and con- 
tractors have replied favorably. 

New Haven.— Fair; promises to be brisk, $2 to 
2.50. On Feb. 9, we held a very successful public 
meeting and the result is the Carpenters Protective 
Council [an independent] has decided to join us in 
a body. They number 80 strong, so Hurrah! 

New Britain.— Middling; Prospects splendid. 
The contractors have assented to the demands of 
Union 97, all except two and the;? can’t afford to 
stand out. Union 97 doing splendid; will increase 
entrance fee to 83 on May 1st* 



THE MIDDLE STATES. 



DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. 

Washington, D. C— The Building Trades are 
solid for 8 hours May 1. Congressman Wadsworth, 
of Kentucky, has offered another amendment to 
Lien Law of this District to make it valueless to 
the mechanics. Tho contractors and builders are 
combining to resist the 8 hours. Complaint is made 
to President Cleveland that carpenters and pain- 
ters are working 10 hours per day on government 
work at the National Museum. 



MARYLAND. 

Baltimore. — Prospects fine, wages $2 for scabs, 
union rate $2.50. Union 29 and L. A. 1649 have dc~ 
cided to enforce the 8 hours on May 3, at a cor- 
responding reduction in wages until Aug, 1, when 
we hope to have an advance. Wo arc willing to 
make some sacrifice to establish the system. 



NEW JERSEY. 

Trenton.— Q uiet, “Lumping” is all the go. 
Some talk of organizing a Carpenters Assembly , 
but men who wont join Union 31, are not of much 
account in an assembly, _ . 

Newark,— Dull, wages $1.50 to $3, nrosnocts fair. 
A German Union will bo soon started here, lvo 
have been arranging to acquaint the bosses of this 
city with the aims and purpose of our B*, as some 
of the bosses have been opposing us. 



f PENNSYLVANIA. 

Pittsburg.— Union 142 meets every Monday 
evening at Siebe rUs Hall, Penn iSt* f VVe arc ini- 
tiating now at the rate of 30 a meeting- We have 
no trouble securing members— the hardest job is 



to keep out the unworthy ones. Trade fair; pros- 
pects good, wages $2 to $2.75. 

Germantown. — On Feb. 24 wo held a splendid 8 
hour meeting. We have sent the bosses a circu* 
Iar making a request for 8 hours, and are awaiting 
their reply. 

Philadelphia.— Prospec4^gl3ed, $1.50 to $2.75 In 
answer to our request for hours, the bosses have 
conceded 9 hours ns a day’s work. Wc Bricklayers 
and Plasterers have settled with their boses on 9 
hours and $3.50 per day the lowest wages. Union 
No. 8, is in a splendid condition and holds a 9 hour 
Ratification meeting March 13. 



NEW YORK. 

Buffalo. — Work will be plenty #iis coming 
season, Union 9 gaining. 

Binghampton* — Middling, Prospects good; 81.50 
to $2.50. Union Men all to work and bosses send to 
the Union when they want men. W o have adopted 
a system of grading. 

Amsterdam. — Union 6 will demand a general 
advance of 50 cents per day on April 1st, Trade is 
middling. The building trades arc working in har- 
mony 5or 8 hours. 

Cohoes.— Dull, $1.50 to $2.25. Union 99 appoint- 
ed committee to meet bosses for $2.50 as rate 
April 1. 

Troy.— Quiet. 26 cts. per hour and 8 hours is to 
be the rule. We waited on Mr. Collins sash and 
blinds, and had him sign agreement to obey our 

rulef. Last September he said to fa 1 with the 

union, 

Utica.— Prospects excellent* Union 125 picking 
up. 

Glovers ville.— Dull, 81,75 to $2.50; work 9 
hours on Saturdays. 

Oneonta. — Improving, $1.50 to $2.50. Prospects 
bright, 8 hours is being discussed. 

Syracuse.— Dull, prospects splendid, $1.25 to 
$2.25. Our public meetings very successful. 



THE WESTERN STATES. 

INDIANA. 

Evansville.— The outlook is more promising. 
Union 90 taking a strong hold. The public meet- 
ings well attonded. All trades are organized and 
this city is thoroughly aroured. 

Indianapolis*— Prospects poor. Cut throat con- 
tractors offering men 15 cents per hour. Duly ono 
half the men at work. 

Rush villf..— Work dull, prospects poor. Some 
wish they had maintained Union 39, but most of 
our men had to go elsewhere for work. 



DAKOTA. 

W atertown— Prospects good, wages $2 to $2.50. 
A union is talked of. 



- NEBRASKA. 

Omaha.— P rospects encouraging, plenty to do 
the work. We are talking 8 hours and expect to 
enforce 9. Other building trades only asked for 9, 
so we can not expect more this season. 



ILLINOIS. 

Chicago.— Work very slack and many working 
for 20 cents per hour and less. The city is crowded 
with floating carpenters. Chances good for a busy 
Spring. In conjunction wit the Amalgamated wo 
are holding public meetings. Union 21 has low- 
ered its initiation fee to $2, and meets now at 213 
W. Madison St. 

Decatur. — No work at all, wages $1.25 to $2.25. 
Prospects good. Some capitalists are advertising 
for men to come to Decatur this season, as there 
is to be a large amount of building. This an- 
nouncement is a huge fraud, as there are more 
men now than can get work. 



COLORADO. 

Dknvk . — “Eight hours” is the battle cry hero 
and Union 55 is agitating it strongly. 

WYOMING TERRITORY. 



Cheyenne.— Dull, prospects good. The Terri- 
torial Legislature- is now dealing with labor bills. 
A joint committee of all the trailes and labor 
unions have prepared two hills — one on prison labor 
the other a Lien law, both are likely to pass. 



MINNESOTA. 

St. Paul.— Trade very dull; city full of idle men. 
Stay away. 

Minneapolis. — Union 34 in splondid shape, 
though only ono-half are at work. Prospect fair, 
wages $1.75 to $2.50. 

Morris— Trade flat, no work at all. Spring pro- 
spects splendid, wiiges 81.75 to $2.25. 



KANSAS. 

Leavenworth.— Times very slack. Union 73 
needs a little stirring up. The carpenters of this 
city scorn to be half dead. We hope the O. S. will 
come here and stir them up for Spring. 

WicniT .—Dull, many idle. Wages $1.50 to 82.50. 
Union 123 prosperous and getting tho best sort of 
men to join. 

Parsons and Chanute.— Trade flat. Unions do- 
ing well, 

IOWA. 



oone.— Trade dull, wages $1.50 to $2.25. Pros- 
ts good for spring. 

ouncil Bluffs.— Dull, prmmects bright. Union 
i as had a hard struggle. 
kdar Rapids— Very quiet, wages 81. oO 



to 



OHIO. 

EDO —Very dull, prospects splendid, wages 
to 82.50. Ketcham and Burns are going to 
m tho Keysor plan. “We will hear some- 
drop.” Union 25 has splendid meetings and 
sen to soon raise initiation fee. 

,edo.— No work : many unemployed; most 
nters are studying law in the Polock trials ; 
$1.50 to $2.25. Prospects for summer are ex- 
t. The visit of the G. S. here on January 13, 
is quite a boom and stirred up the craft, but a 
ollar bill to most of tho men seems to be as 
a soldiers blanket. They all promise they are 
to join us when work starts up, but we won t 
it, so we are pushing them to join now. Bro. 
Thompson represented Union 25 m tho fct&te 
s Assembly. 



Sfringfifld. — The lockout of organized labor in 
the Champion Reaper Works, is the great question 
here and both sides are Arm. Trade dull. 

Sandusky.— Stagnant, wages $1.25 to 82.25. 

Bell a ire.— Dull, prospects better, wages $1.75 
to $2. Unionism taking a strong hold here. 

Martins Ferry —F lat, prospects brightening, 
wages $1 to $1.75. 

Dayton.— Union 104 has changed its meeting 
place to the ö. U. A. M. hall, and meets every 
Wednesday evening instead of every 2 weeks. 
Trade quiet. 

Cincinnati.— Trade quiet; prospects quite good. 
Council of Building Trades is getting into good 
shape. Bro. B. Bolmer elected Treasurer of it. 
The Chamber of Commerce is going to build this 
summer, and has given the contract to a Boston 
firm. The Building Council has waited upon the 
Real Estate Committee of the Chamber, and re- 
quested that the work be done by homo labor. 

Massillon.— The K. of L. had a funeral herr 
to-day and the carpenters and all unions turned 
out. It was a large demonstration. We l^lieve in 
working together. 



MICHIGAN. 

Grand Rapids.— Union 65 meets every Tuesday 
evening at Good Templar’s Hall, Lovett’s block; 
union firm; work scarce. 

Hastings*— Union 80 is prosperous, prospects 
fair, wages $1.50 to $2. 

Detroit.— T rade not brisk, prospects fair, wages 
low, the city overstocked with “chips.” Union 10 
growing. 

South Bay City.— Times dull, wages $1 to $2.50. 
Union 129 doing nicely, public meetings are well 
attended and good speakers. 

Jackson.— P rospects bright, wages 81 to $2, 
many idle. Stay away. 

Battle Creek.— Quiet, wages $1.50 to $2.25, not 
much prospects. 

Muskegon— V ery dull, good prospects. 

, 

THE PACIFIC STATES. 



CALIFORNIA. 

Los Angeles.— Union 56 is prospering finely and 
gaining members. The Trades and Labor Coun- 
cil has inaugurated an immense Anti-Chinese 
movement. 

Ban Francisco, Cal.— U nion 22 doing well. 
Trade dull ; city overcrowded w ith idle men. 
Wages $3 per day. Stay away from here. 

Oakland.— Wages $2 to half the men idle, 

prospects fair. Carpenters keep away from this 
Coast* 

San Rafael.— T rade dull. Union 35 doing well. 

Alameda. — Times fair; all members are at work 
prospects good. Wages have a downward ten- 
dency. 

WASHINGTON TERRITORY. 

Tacoma. — Our efforts here to keop up a union 
have been of no avail owing to the heavy emigra- 
tion to those parts. Carpenters come here “broke” 
and will work for anything they can get. Times 
have been very hard the past two year«, but the 
worst is over. Prospects good for coming Summer 
season. Then wo will try to reorganize Onion 63. 



THE SOUTHERN STATES. 

KENTUCKY. 

Louisville. — Business extremely dull. Union 7 
contemplates asking $2.50 as the s andard April 1. 



WEST VIRGINIA. 

Wheeling. — Dull; prospects not flattering, 
wages $1.25 to $2.50, Union 3 doing well. 



VIRGINIA. 

Richmond.— Business middling. Union 132 pros- 
pering nicely- _ 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Charleston.— V ery dull, prospects not bright. 
Union 52 gaining. 



GEORGIA. 

Thomasyille. — Dull, many carpenters have left 
the city for want of work. # 

Brunswick, — Fair, considerable work but more 
than enough men to do it, wayjes $1.25 to $2,25. 
Stay a^yay from here. 

Augusta.— Dull, $1 to $2.25. Early revival of 
trade expected. Union 136 meets at SinkfieJd Hall 
cor. Washington and Watkins streets, every 2d 
and 4th Friday night. About 400 cari>enters here, 
75 employed in shops and 50 engaged in buildings, 
balance idle. 



FLORIDA. 

Pensacola. — Very dull, wages $1.75 to $2.50, 
Unipn« 74 and 127 doing well. Spring prospects 
bad. Union 74 has decided on $2 as the lowest 
standard for its members. We are trying to es- 
tablish the 9 hour rule. A committee hits been ap- 
pointed to confer with the bosses and other trades 
on the subject. 



ALABAMA. 

Mobile. — One-half the carpenters here at work. 
Prospects fair for spring. Our time for work will 
be 9 hours, wages $2 to 82.50 and some $3. On 
March 1, all first-class men are to get 83 and none 
to come under $2. 



TEXAS, 

Galvrston.— Trade improving, prospects good, 
city full of idle men though wages 82.50 to $S. 



LOUISIANA. 

New Orleans.— Very slack, wages $150 t*> 82.50. 
A frame building hero on St- Claude st. collapsed 
on Feb. 16, became top heavy from weight of «lato 
roof, four persons badly injured. The job was a 
piece work job done by non-union men. 



TENNESSEE. 

Memphis.— Prospects good for spring. 

Memphis.— Trade quiet, wage« $1.75 to $2,50. 
Unions 40 and 114 are thriving; their monthly 
public meeting are rousers. Many contractors now 
will hire none but union men, and we are going to 
back such. Through our efforts the hardware 
dealers refuse to handle Bellefont and Kelly Nails 
and all other boycotted nails will be kept out of the 
trade. We have had local carpenters unions here 
before and they “busted;” now men see we are on 
a National basis and are solid. The contractors ' 
have organized an Exchange. On May 1, we will 
have an immense parade of all trades; the carpen- j. 
tors unions will have a large float in the parade. | 



MISSOURI. 

Springfield,— Trade improving slowly, wages 
81 to $2.25. 

St. Joseph— Dull, wages 81.75 to $2.50, quite a 
number idle. 

Skdalia.— Prospects good. Wages $1.25 to $2.50. 
W. S, Corley suspended for 3 mouths for wronging 
a brother and violating his obligation. 

St. Louis.—' Trade picking up. Unions all doing 
well. The Building League we hope will fetch 
some “thick-heads” to their senses. 



DOMINION OF CANADA. 

ONTARIO. 

Guelph and Hamilton.— Very dull all winter. 
Prospects good. 

St. Catherines. — Dull. Union 38 now has a com- 
fortable hall in conjunction with the Bricklayers 
and Masons. The Ship Carpenters here arc or- 
ganized and fighting unskilled labor. 

St. Thomas.— Very dull, $1.25 to $1*75. Prospects 
poor. Union 128 held a fine public meeting Feb. 8, 
'and decided to enforce the 9 hours this spring. 

Toronto. — Many idle, mostly strangers. Union 
men fakly to work 50 hours per week. Wages 8150 
to $2. J 

Ottawa.— A new Carpenters Union just organiz- 
ed here. 



NOVA SCOTIA. 

Halifax.— The Royal Engineer Department, of 
the British Army has been advertising for car- 
penters hero at 99 cts, per day. Union 83 is fight- 
ing this move. 



ANOTHER SKIPPER. 

A carpenter boss hero named T. T. Milne, form- 
erly a contractor in Hamilton, Canada, which 
place it is said he had to leave for good reasons, 
has defrauded his carpenters of from $20 to 833 
each and skipped the town, lie drew money for the 
job on State st. and 34th, also 8250 on a job on tho 
West Side. His bills for material arc not paid 
nor are the jobs completed, lie has also deserted 
his wife and four children; leaving them dosti. 
tute. 

J. Rastel, 

Chicago, Til. 

— ♦ *#- — — — 

BUILDING TRADES COUNCILS. 

A Builders’ League, was formed on February 
26, in Wheeling, W, Va., bringing together tho 
bricklayers, carpenters. inasons,!phuubcrs,hod-car- 
riers and laborers . The prospects aro good. The 
League was formed through the efforts of Car- 
penters Union 3. 

Mobile, Aj.a., has a Building League and Car- 
penters Unions 89 and 92 are active in pushing the 
work. 

In Albany, N. Y., on Jan. 2. delegates from all 
unions in the building line, met and formed an 
Amalgamation and now refuse to work with non- 
union men. 

The Amalgamated building trades of St. Louis, 
have notified President Roach, of tho Mechanics' 
Excliange, asking him to appoint a delegate from 
each of the different building trades represented in 
the Exchange, to n. convention for the purpose of 
discussing the eight-hour law. 



CARPENTERS DEMANDS THIS SPRING. 

On May 1, Washington. Baltimore, German- 
town, Pa., St. Louis, Mo., Denver, Col., Galveston, 
Tex-, Memphis, Tenn«, Amsterdam, N Y*. and 
Troy, N Y;, will inaugurate the 8 hours system- 
In Troy the wages will be 26 cents per hour; in 
Galveston $2 50 to $3; in Baltimore the men will 
take the same wages per hour as formerly until 
August 1, when they expect to get more.— On May 
1. the 9 hour system will be adopted in Holyoke, 
Mass, at $2 50 per day; also in St Paul, Minn, St 
Thomas, Oauada, Mobile, Ala, and Pensacola, 
Fla- In Pensacola and Mobile 82 per day will bo 
demanded a« the lowest standard.— In Brid-geport, 
Conn, non but union men are to be hired and 25 cts. 
;>er hour the lowest standard. Lynn, Maschas also 
fixed a price list for April 1. Louisville, Ky, $250 
on April 1, Brockton. Mass, will ask,$2 50per day 
for 10 hours on May 1, Cohoes, N Y, $2 50 per day 
on April 1, and Brooklyn, N Y, $3 per day and 9 
hours on April 5. — In New York city on March 8, 
carpenters gained the 9 hours as a days work and 
83 oO per day and 8 hours on Saturdays. Philadel- 
phia has been granted the 9 hours system for May 
1 - — In Berlin, Germany, April 1, they want9 hours 
and 50pfennigen per hour — In Now Britain, Conn, 
on April 1, $2 25 will bo the minimum price for 10 
hours’ work; none but union men be employed; 
8 hours on Saturday a day’s work; time-and-a-half 
for nil overtime. 



DEATH ASSESSMENTS. 



No. 78.— Henry Ebkrling, aged 53, initiated 
May 2, 1884, Union 22, San Francisco, Cal., died of 
Phthisis, May 31, 1885. Papers received Aug. 16, 
1885; laid over until settlement was reached with 
Union 22. Accepted conditionally by E. B. Jan, 
19, 1886. Approved finally Febr. 19, 1886. — Paid by 
Union No. 22. 

No. 79.— Mrs. Louisa Turnbull, age 47, wife of 
Bro. John Turnbull, initiated May 2, 1884, Union 
22 , San Frnneisco, Cal., died of Heart Disease, 
Oct. 19, 1885. Papers received Nov. 10, 1885, laid 
over and noted in a similar manner to Claim No. 
78, Approved Feb. 19, 1886. Paid by Union No. 22. 

No. 80.— Wm. Runzel, age 49, initiated Aug. 17, 
1882, Union 21, Chicago, 111., died of Phthisis, Nov. 
18, 1831. Papers received Dec. 23, 1884. Claim dis- 
approved by E. B., Jan. 2, 1885. On Feb. 19, 1836, 
in accordance with vote of local e unions, ordered 
paid as a gift or donation to the widow. Paid Fob.’ 
20, 18S6. 

No. 81.— Mrs Anna Dooley, age 34, wife of 
Bro Michael Dooley, initiated Got, 4, 1382, Union 
43, Hartford. Conn., died of Inflammation of 
Bowels, .Jan, 26, 1886. Papers received .Febr. 18, 
1886. Approved Feb. 19, 1886. Paid Feb. 20, 1880. 

N o , 8 2 F r a n k A . K a i * i’ el % a g e 29, initiated 
April 25, 188!, Union 2, Cincinnati, O. Died from 
iu juries, received by a severe fall, Feb. 11), 1836» 
Papers received Feb. 26. 1886. Approved March 5. 
1886. — Paid March 6, 1886. 

No. 83.— Mrs. Ellen Grant, age 32, wife of 
' Bro. W. H. Grant, initiated March 12, 1S84. Union 
1 52. Charleston, S. C., died of Consumption, rob. 12, 

I 188(5. Papers received March 2, 1886. Approved 
| March 5, 1886. Paid March 6, 1886. 



THE 



Chklsk a, M *ss.— W. M. llrwk». !17 Addwou St. 
U, D. Mitohell. 144 Chestnut M. 



Hy« i t t m • . G. D. Mitchell. 144 cnesinui 

Mertood ol Craters an ftnm 

_ . . CuicaoÖ. r. Cnw. «!?'» fttlM» Mf»*« 



OF AMERICA. 

E*tabli*ht'i Augu»! 1 -V/i, 1881 . 

(Incorporated under the laws of the State of Ohio. 

Ol K OHJKCTS. 

The object i* uf our Brotherhood arc: To rescue 
the Carpenter trade from the low level to which it 
has fallen, and by mutual effort to raise ourselves 
to that position in *oeiety to which we an* jtndly 
entitled; to cultivate a feeling of friendship 
among the craft, and to elevate the moral, intel- 
lectual and social condition of all journeymen 
carpenters. 

It is furthermore our object to assist 
each other to secure employment, to furnish aid 
in cases of death or permanent disability, and 
for tuutuul relief and other benevolent purpose*. 

The ireneral benefits are: $250 I>eath Benefit; 
MiO Disability Benefit« und $50 in ease of a wife'» 
death. And these benefit* are secured und paid 
by a system of Mutual lr.sumuce at cost. 

In tnide disputes or strikes the entire power and 
financial reserve of the Brotherh«»od, is concen- 
trated on the Mipport of the uuion in trouble. 

Our local unions assist members in distress and 
to obtain work, pay benefits in case of sicknes5 
and other mishap, and they also sue for wage* 
wherover any boss attempts to defraud a workman 
And in traveling, a mem law of one union is a 
member of all other unions wherever he goos, 
without further initiation or fees. 

We are not a secret organisation, only so far as 
each union may deem necessary for the protection 
of its members. We have no oaths — only a simple 
pledge of honor. 

Seven men, who aro bouse carpenters, and join- 
ers. f good moral character and sound health, 
ana who can command the average wages can or- 
ganise a local union. 

Theoost of a charter and outfit is $5. Applica- 
tion for a charter most state names, ages and resi- 
dences of the charter members. 

For further particulars Apply to 

P. J. McGuire, Gen’l Secretary. 
Look Box 180. Cleveland, Ohio. 



GENERAL OFFKERS. 

Office of General fiecretary— 97 Vi Ontario 
8t.» Cleveland, O. 

General-President— J. F. Billingsley, 322 13th St. 
8. W. Washington. D.C. 

General-Secretary — P. J. McGuire, Lock Box 180 
Cleveland, 0. 

General-Treasurer — Ignatius Bodigheimer, 411 
Seoville Av«„ Cleveland, 0. 

Vici President». 

1st Vioe-President— R.Stephens,937 Campbell 8t., 
W. Oakland, Cal. 

2d Vioe-President — W. J. Shields, Cheshire St., 
Jamaica Plains, Boston, Mass. 

3d Vioe-President— Gus. Brethauer. 16 Grant St., 
incinnati, 0. 

4th Vice-President— F. E. Ram#*, 1C Bogard St., 
Charleston. 8. C. 

5th Vice-President — Thos. Jones, Orient House. 
State and Van Buren Sts., Chicago, ill. 

6th Vice-President— C. W. Green, 1613 Burt St., 
Omtha. Neb. 

7th Vice-President— James Stewart, 129 Sumach 
Street, Toronto, Canada. 

8th Vioe-President - Win. F. Kberhardt , 2903 
Diamond 8t., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Executive Board. 

J. C. Larwill. 1175 First Ave.; H. N. Fisher. 41 
William St; H. J. Bailey. 6 Guthrie 8t.; E. 
Taylor. 52 Bank St.; W. B. Kettenngham . 3 
Crown St. (All resident in Cleveland, 0.) 

LOCAL. SECRET A R I KH. 

(The following List of Corresponding and Finan 
eial Secretaries of Carpenters Local Unions is pub- 
lished for the general information of our members 
and particularly for the beuefit of our traveling 
brothers. The Financial Secretaries are denoted 
by a*. In the majority of Unions the two offices 
are combined.) 

Akron, 0.— Archie McAlonon, 122South Maple St. 

‘Austin Hutchinson. HIM E. Exchange St. 
Alambda Cal.— John Larkin, Box 16.— John J. 
Boyle. 

Albany. N, V.— Wendel Hans, 216 Morton 8t. 
Allkohan y Citt, Pa — Thos. Cummings, 18 Lom- 
bard 8t. 

Amsterdam, N. Y.— ‘C. W. Powell, Box 221.— 
Hugh Van heusen. 

Augusta, Ga.— Thos. P. Lewis, 416 Broad 8t. 
August a, Ga.-(White.) W. C. Bros#, 1552 Rollers- 

Ansonia, Conn.-- G. N. Boyd, Box 84)1.— •T. W. 
Ennis, Box 569. 

Baltimore, Mo.— v il. W. Hale, 56 Courtland St.— 
I. B. Aylsworth, 8 Robert St. 

Battle Cbesk. Mich.— J.R. Hall, Box 904. 
Bsllairk, 0.— C. S. Hhuttleworth. 

Benicia, Oal.— J. H. Ostello. 

Brvkrlt. Mans.— W. J. Collins, Box WO.— Josiah 
Green. Box 850. 

Bvnghampton. N Y.— ‘H. De Lester, 33 Whitney. 
W. F. Hnlse, 79 Oak 8t. 

Boston. Mass.— # Lco McAuley, 30 Boylston Ave., 
Jamaica Plain*.— J. C. Doyle, HO Waltham St. 
Bridgeport. Conn.— F. J. Meyer, 1H4 South Ave. 
Brockton, Mas«.— ‘Edw. Shattuck AW Main 8t.— 
Fremont Young, 102 Green Ht. 

I ROOKLYN, N. Y— A. Turnbull. 63 Lawrence fit. 
tUNSWiCK, (Ia.— (Colored) Union 42.— L. P. Pink«, 
ney. No. 86,oorner Kmat and 11. St. 
Brunswick, Oa.— Union 134. — Chts. L. Steiner. 
Buffalo, N. Y.— C. J. Roth, 726 Broadway. 
Cambridge, Mass.— Ora 8. Decater, 34 Pleasant 8t. 
• Cambridge port.— Dun' 1 Maloney, 32 Foster. 

* Canton, 0.— A. C. Witwer, 128 Liberty St. 

Cedar Rapid». Iowa.— 0. J. Fit*. 875 Sixteenth 



» lU»f Ä. V. V. * .’mm, 

Av,. and Pint Weft.— *Paul Harney, 
or*. Kan.— J. K. Whit«, I«!«. Box W.— Oeo. 



Ave. «Da rir*i weet.— r*ui iieioey. 
Chavoti, Kan.— J. K. Whitefide, Box 96.— Oeo. 

Cbaxlutom, 8. 0.— *J. F. Drayton, 20 Btrawbemr 
Lane, Butledao Am. 



Cuicaoo. P. Cron,. •»U' » Cot U ko ». rove 

Ave.. Stftf'y of Kx. Cl. K. Chin*. S. 
Franklin Sf.- B ranch 2— J. Itautvl. 

Cottage Grove Ave. 

Cincinnati. O. A. >02 Mnic Ave. 

Aug. J. llrcthaucr, 16 Grant St. 

Ci.xvri AM*. 0.— l’iit'k Freeman. Newell M.. cor. 
Branch. S. 8. 

Cohoes. N. Y.-Wm. Durrant, Box 99.— 1 •John 
Holt, Lock Box 99. „ 

Con uni a. O.— *C. M. Stuitlicr*, 21 h. ( hestuut M. 
Council Bi.i ffs, It.— S. S. Shepard, 121 Plattier* 
Covington. Ky.~ M. Waguer, 19» East Pith St. 
Danbury. Conn.— Wiu. B. Wright. 

Dayton, O. — I). J. Madden, cur. Johnsou and Per- 
rine St*. 

Dkcatck. 111. — *J. K. Reynold*. ‘.«»8 N. Morgan M. 
Dknvjk, Col.— E. K. Ricr, 23 Colfax Ave. 
DesSIoinks, Ia. — W. D. McKinney. 504 Laurel St. 
•E. K. Denni*. lo52 loth St. 

‘ Detroit, Mich. *F. A. Mellick O. C. Mdlick. 
133 fat lie ri tie St. 

Kac Claire. Wis.— R. N. Mootly, 720 1st Ave. 
Englewood, III.— Win. Trotter. Box R«b 
Evansville. Im».— 1 M. J. Schutt I in, ‘.»27 Franklin 
Fall River, M ass.— P. Doyle. 42 .Mason St. 

Fort Wayne, Ind.— F red Wa Ida, 329 E. Washing- 
ton St. . , . , 

Galveston. Tex.— G eo. J. Garthar. OV4 St. uear22. 

P. J. Callan, Market and 29th St. 

Garden City, Kan.— II. V Swartwnod. 
Germantown. Pa.— C. S. Taylor. 22H Centre M. 

Walter Bowditch, High St. 

GlovkesYILI.B, N. Ye— s. S. Chase, Box 347. 
Grand Rapids, M ich.— ' *44. K. Fletcher. :k> Pack- 
ard St. 

Guelph, Can. — David Adam. We.Iington St. 
Halifax Nova Scotia.— Alex. Northup, 6 Birm- 
ingham St. , 

Hamilton, Can.— K. Hancock. 241 Bay M., N. 
Hammond. Ind.— F. Ilohman. 
ftl artm'RD. Conn.— J. A. M. Bell, 9 Thrall St. — 
•Frank Brydnn.63 Dean St. 

Hastings. Mu m.— •Mile* Main— F. M. Myers. 

II a vrkh ill, M a sit.— Geo. A.Kokinsou, 4.» MainSt., 
Bradford. Mas*. 

Holyoke, Mami —Alfred Beaudoin. 4 Potvin Ave. 
Houston. Tkx.— •Frit» Klotz, Sau Jacinto St. 
Humboldt, III.— Aug. Kraus«*, Box 287. 
Indianapolis. Inii.— I). E. Mogle, 415 West 2nd St. 
Jackson, Mich.— A. L. Goldsmith, 2U7 Greenwood 
Ave. 

Kansas City. Mo.— J. C. Kgly, Julia St. 
Kensington. III.— C. Gibson, Box 13). 

Lawrence. M ash.— R. H. Hideout. .326 Broadway 
N. R. Dufre*ne,626 E**ox St. 
Lkavknworth. Kan.— 1 •J. Murray, 816 Ottawa St. 

M. K. Coou, Stillings Addition. 

Linuiln, Nkh.— 

Los Angklrh.Cal.— A. Vinette, Box 482. 
Louisville. Ky.-J. N. Kggor*. 716 E. Market St. 
Lynn, Mass. — F. W. Reilly. 32 Adam* St. — J. W. 
Haskell. 32 Park >t. 

Malden. Mas«.— A. C. Cutter. Warren Ave. 
Manchester. N. H.— B.B. Aldrich, 3an Merrimack 
— 0. W. Powell, 56 Ash St. 

Marlboro. Mass.— C. A. Clifbee. 

Martins' Ferry, Ohio.— • Frank Stewart, 
Massillon. Ohio.— •Ja*. G. Ralstou, Box 33V— 
Geo. F. Peter. Box 722. 

Mrmphi», Tenn.— G. W. Baker. No. 7 Hotel St. — 
•K. S. Medeari*. 179 Lindon St. 

Memphis, Tenn.— (C ol. >— C. W. Perry, 3 Ala Ave. 
Meriden. Conn.— R. P. Dooley, Box 73.— # J. H. 

Calhoun, Deyton Place. 

Middletown, O.— P. S. Williamson. 

Milwaukee. Wis-— G. G. Suolfiohn. 741 Booth St. 
Minnrapolim. Minn.— H. D. Elliott. 3V27 Stevens 
Ave. — # Thos. Mo Court, 116 2nd St. South. 
Mobile. Ala. — Union H9 ( Whit«* i, — - •Tho*. 
M. Medlin, New St. Francis St. 7th, East 
of Pine. 

Mobile, Ala.— U nion 92. (Colored)— J. T. Heath« 
man, E. Broad St., near Congrc** St. 

Morris. Minn.— P. A. McCarthy. Box 146. 
Muskegon, Mich.— •E. M. Kingsley, Box 462. 
Nashville. Trnn.— A. D. # Shegog, 766 Fatherland. 
Newark. N. J. — Geo. Winnett, 37 Camden St. — 
J. Compton. 199 A*tor St. 

New Albany. Ind— P. II. MeKamev. 

New Britain* Conk. —•Michael O'Neill, Box 373. 
i). 8. I’otter, Box 1194. 

New Haven. Conn.— W. T. Savage, 117 Park St. 
New Yoke. N. Y.— Hugh MeWhorrigan 141 Ea«t 
8th St. 

Nrw Orleans. La.— Union 16, (Colored! A.C. Bull* 
lard, Locuft near Josephine. 

NrwOrleann. La.— U nion 76 « Whits 4 — Alexander 
Huhn. Jr., 262 Tchoupitoulas St. 

New Ori.kan \ La.— U nion 37, (Upper Di*tri«*tj-J. 

J. Sullivan. Fulton M., near Harmony, 

New Ta< dm Wash. Ter — S. D. Garrison. 

Northampton, .M ash.— C. L. Bnrni*. Box BA. 
Norwich. Conn.— •C.W.Wakeimui, 134 E Broa«ISr. 

K. II. Arnold. 112 E. Broad St. 

Oakland, Cai..— ‘J. F. Gallin, 14114— 9th St.— John 

Feller, 970— 21 *t St. 

Omaha, Nkh.— W. J, Reeve*. South 13th and Vin- 
tnti St. 

Onronta, Co , N. V. — C. L. Ward, Box 421. 

•Frank lleuel, lb»x 456. 

0k( oda, Mh it.— A. Philips. 

Ottawa, Can.— E dwin Aust. Mount Sherwood. 
Owosa«i. Mm H.'-WeMi H. Barnes, Box 179. 
Parsons. Kan. -*N. Gilmore. Box 711. 

Paterson, N. J.- Ijabor Standard Office. 
Pawtucket. U. 1.— J. B. Murray. 12 West Ave. 
Pensacola, Fla.— U nion 74. (White) — R. H. 

Massey. Box 25.—' •Theo. F. Cron a, Box 72T4. 
Pensacola. Fla.— Union 127, (Colored).- •Henry 
Jordan.— Frank Ballard. 

Philadelphia, Pa.— Jaiue* Dey.665 North 10th Ht. 

•Con Thorn, 705 Lebanon St. 

Philipsruho. Centre <Jo.. Pa — J. D. Hitter 
Pittsburgh, Pa.— J. C. Hutchinson, Cor. Ells- 
worth 8t. and Hilwnd Ave., K •-! Knd.- # J. 
Lee Wood, Hatfield St. and Cedar Aliev. 
Portland, Oregon.— Gordon Smart, 213 Mont- 
rnery St. 

Providence, R. I.— T.W. Walsh. 8 Codding Sc 
Raleigh, N. C.— William Manely. 

Richmond, Ind.— C.E.Courtney,95 Ft. Wayne Ave. 
Richmond. Va., J. H. Taylor. 1402 W. Broad St. 
Rochester. N. Y.— ‘Jo*. Thei**, 632 North Bt.— 
B. J. Thompson. Box 286. 

R ome. N. Y.— He rv Oldfield. 

urh viLLK, Ind.— J.C. Gregg, Box 553. 
8anDUBET,0. -11. L. Schumaoher, 1115 Madison « 
San Bernardino, Cal.— L. K. Pake (Colton). 

Ban Francisco, Cal.— *N. L. Wandel 1, 2 Hayes St. 

T. C. Rowe, 2 Elitabeth St. 

Ban Rafael, Cal.— S tanley P. Moorhead, Box 677. 
St.Oathkrinrb, Cam.— ‘J ames Carty.— Henry Bald, 
M a ter St. 

Br. Joreph, Mo.— B. M. Carson, 1027 Francis Bt 



St. Louis, Mo.— Union 4, John Cook. 2249 Warren. 
•11. 11. Goldsmith, 2819 Sheridan Ave.. West 
St. Louis P. O, 

St. Lot is. Mo.— Union ft* (German,) W . Uersten- 
herg. 317 Russell Ave. 

St. Louis. Mo. Union 12 — (German) — t ha*. 

Schulz. 1223. N. 13. St. t ö a , 

St. Pa i l, Minn. — J. A. .b»hn*on. 4Gi East 8tli » s t. 

•Aug. J. Metzger, 117 Hondo St. 

Sr. Thomas. CIN.-!*!. Couidhi. II Kain* St.— 
•| I '»ratio A. Osgood, Box *m9. 

Salem. M \^>. *A. Provost, 59 Bn»a»lwii> .- 4l. \\ . 

Pitman. 3 Pond St. 

S \nt * It* *s Cal. - J. Alex Th«nii|»*on. 

Savannah. iIa.-MV. B. Jnikins. tla*t«»u Street, 
betw. ItolMTt and West Broad. 

Schenk- iad>. N. 5 *.L»Iiii Leiivnl, M«»l»awk 
villc. S. S. Hülfe. 371 State St. 

Seattle, W ami. Tee,— J anie* Sallee. 

Skdai.i a, M«». L. F. McClure, '.Ail l!a?l .3d St. 

Sun \ C| j Y, I"" a. M V. t *rui>lH»e. 1 H*l Wci*t 2.St. 
Sou Luvii.i.E, M a>^.— .I» hn J. Gegun, II Webster 
Ave., t\inil»ridgc|H»rt Jo*, tf Clinkard. 
2»» Mt. Plensmit St 

Sou ni B v y Cirv. M i « •« . lohn J Curry •James 
A. Brown. Box 129 \\ . Bay City. 
Sprinueim.d, Maidc— •.!•»*. E. Luther. .31 l*»ring. 

•W. J. Littlefield. Box 146. 

Springfield, Mo.— •Geo. f. Tate, Y Springfield. 

II. Grayhill. N. Springfield. 

Springfield. Ohio. J. D. it«eder. 321 W. Liberty 
St.— •Wui. E. June*, ftl N«*rth Knee St. 
Syracuse, N Y.— Lewi* Frey. 43 John St.— 1 H*, K. 
Palen, 127 S. Salma St. 

Thomasvillk, Ga.— Union C. Atkinson. 

•Isaiah In kle. 

Thom asvili.k, t* a.— U iiM»n 116, (Colored.) — R. W. 
Paine. 

Toi EDO, O.— Cha*. W. Murphy. 52s Erie St. 
T*»kont»». Can. — A. Graham. 95 Peter St. W. II. 
Steven*, *55 Grange Ave 

Trenton, N. .!.—•! «e«». K Dafter. 256 Jaek*on St. 
Troy. N. Y.- f A. Anderson. Box 145. E.J. Lake. 
L'H'k Box 99. 

Utica. N. Y.— K. H. Palmer, 47 Columbia St. 

Vn KeiiUkG, Mi**. -E. N. Reynold*, eara of C. C. 

He) Hold.- X t '<>. 

| Victoria, Bair. Cm..— G. |>. Ro|»er. Box 323. 

I Washington. D C.— W. 11. Allvater, BMI Virginia 
Ave. — ‘P. L. G'llrieii. Metro|»olitaii Hotel. 
Watkrrury. Conn,— *Cha*. Friedel, 194 Bank St.— 
J. NV. Pilling. 81 Cherry St. 

Wheeling. W. Va — W. W . W«**d, 54 Virginia St. 

Edw’d L. Vcith. 174 16th St. 

Wichita. Kan.- Frank Mark. Geo. N. Mark, 
Box 1H4. 

Worcehter. M a»« — Jm* . P. Elliot, Main St.— 
E Parker, 19 C«»ngre** St. *F. 11. Buxton, 
8«; Pio«iiu«»tit St. 



FUIANCIAL REPORT. 

HRC'KIITN February 1 HKU. 

On Hand from January 9124»» *.«4 

From the Union»« ‘Tax, ete.» 1 V| H 9 

From the Uuion* 'Death Assessment*) 27.3 in 

Advertisement*. Ilid. Ire Co 5 ••• 



Mo.vru^r tfsjr 0SK 



l.ucihl I’nions, 

Waahington, D. C.. .. 

Cim iniiati, * > 

Wheeling, W. Va 

St. Loui*, Mo... 

St. Loui»«, Slo. 

Amsterdam. N. Y 

ill«., Ky. .. 

Phtladtdpltia, Pu 

•Buffalo* N Y 

Detroit, Midi. 

Cleveland* • 

St . I, *ui«, Mo, .. 

Mart ins Fei ry, I » 

1 lid:ana|H»li*, | nd. 

BelUire, 1). 

Jilt tiillton, Cull. 

Neu Albany, 1ml 

t 'hit*ago, 111. 



f'ot ftr. 



tin ini 



24. 


San Francise«», Cal..., 
•Sutner\ ille, .Mas* 


442 


35. 


T'de.i.., O 


. 94 


2». 


Jackson, M ieli 


64 


27. 


Toronto* < 'an. 


I'M 


29. 


Ruitini<»re. Md 


1MI 


31. 


Trenton. N J 


2>* 


32. 


•Vicksburg, .Mi?*?«. 


. 11 


JÖ. 


Rost<»ti, M»«^* 


1D7 


M. 


Mintieaiidi*. M inn 


279 


». 


>hii Rafael, t 'al 


•1 9 


y 


' »ukland. ( 'al. 


221 


.37. 


N»*v* ' irleutis. La 


.. 13 


3n. 


St. I *uf h«*rili< •», t all... 


.. 20 


4'». 


M «on pin >*. T«*n ii 


GN 


42. 


‘llrtlll^Wlek, till 


.. 12 


4.3. 


Hartford, » 5*nn.. 


.♦ 93 


44. 


H aterhury . C«»n . 


.. '4» 


47. 


Alameda. Cal.... 


.. 


49. 


Meriden, Conn 


... g5 


52. 


Charle«t«»n, S. 4.'. ... 


.. 88 



Total $1709 21 86, 

KXCK.NmK^- F ebril ury IHHII. ^ 

For Printing, Uflirt?, Badge*, etc I 4 d 65 

F«»r Death Benefit* 3<*i 

Balaure on Hand 974 M 

Toul tl7i.1i -£\ ^ 

HrMEMMRK thi* re|H.rt give* the Kceeipt* and 
Ex|*eil*e* up to March 1, Mofiie* rrreiied 



De|»\er* Col 

Los Angele*. Ca! 
Savannah, t tu 

I hnalm. Neb 

Columbus, •• 

Cheyenne, W. T 
•Grand Rapid*. Mich 
Houston, Tc x 
I If!* Moilie*. I »I* a. . 
•C«»unett BliifTr, Iowa 
RoiJie^ter, N ) 
Lratenworth. Kan 
I'rUsacida, Fla 
•|]nu t la i re, Wi- 
New * »rlean*. lai 
•Rattle t reek, Mich 
Troy. N Y 
•llastingp, Mich 
Phili|»sT»iirgh. Pa 
Haverhill Mas* 
Halifax, N. S 
ftkroo, i » 

( 'haste r. Pa 
•San I !«• rti a rd i no. Cal 
M Paul, Mtnii 

Decatur, III 

Mobile* \!a 
EvansA ill#, I ml 
St. Joseph. Mo 
Mobile, Mu 
Worcester, Muss . 
l'r-.\ ideta**#. It I 
Holy oka* Maas 
SpriligtU l«i, Mush 
N» w Britain. Conn. . 



Kent *»f Hull for K. ii., one year .. ft 

Sen |ep* of Ex. lid und G.T 18 ♦*» 

W. J Shield««, organizing Salem, Muss. 4 

P. J. MeGiilra* fare to Pittdmrgh, Pa 7 - f *i 

Office D«**k for U. S 2 25 

W. A. Cook, lawyer, injunct ion on Union 

No. 1, Washington, I). 0 .V‘ **) 

2 f »0 Badge*. 5b INI 

ExpresKMte on Ba«lge* 2ft 

Death Ben«*fit No. 80. %A\ iMy 

M •* *' 81 51) IN) 

Cost of Draft* 56 

Total Exr»«'n*v* $ 7.34 65 

Ua*h on nund (»74 M 

Total $1769 23 



ACITCOWLKIHtKMKNT*. 

Sine« the publietifion of our hist hatch of ne- 
knowlrdgfinent.*, we have raealvad lha iwwpar a<* 
kiKiwiedgtrneiit* mid reeei|»ts from the liOca! 
Unions nuined for the following benefits, in the 
amounts here stated: 

No. 78, H. Eherling. San Francisco, Cal., 125*) 00 
No. 7«, Mrs. Turnbull, M •• 50 00 

No. 60, Win. Hunzel, Chicago. III.* - 250 •«) 

No. 81, Mrs, Dooley, Hartford, Conn., - 5*) 00 

Total 1600 00 



It KACK LINT. 

L. J. Kennedy— expelled from Union 40, Mem- 
phis. Tenn.« for embezzling monies belonging to 
the Union, for violation «if his obligation and for 
conduct unbecoming a member. 



l 



** »• **» 

Is ♦>> 



'? 7- :W n ’ 



5 ir‘i 



1 1.1 % 

1 75 7 'ii 

•JU* VI 



1 ni 2 f 

i ii 







!a. Sedalia, Mo 


:»» . 





6 « 


IIKTAILKI) KXl’KNNKs - »Vl.ruitrjr, 

I'kimtimu. 4'*.» Circular» i.* , ii»pcn»ii>n of 


1 WHO. 


\fj . t Oil. 4’K, ,1, 1 

lit). Muskegon, Mich 
Rd , i )ii«*«*hta. N . \ 


25 

5*2 




•* • 


1 r va i« *n N«*. !,) .. 


$ 8 50 


l»5i Soringficld. Mo 


15 


i 


2 2 


548) Small Envelo|»es 


1 25 


IUL Chaiiutc. KttU.. 


21 


3 4U 


♦ A 


1500 Letter llea«li f*»r »•. S 


6 7 * 


I'd. Dayton.»» 


7»» 






12"" Bulletin-. Jurmury 


7 »•) 


|H5. >i»ringfi« ld. » > 


16 .. 







M 2*<*) Membcrshit» car«l* 


♦. fig 


1» •». Thomas* ill«*. Ga.. 


29 


1 15 


7 o) 


R*m Notice* of Arrears 


2 25 


R(7. Sandusky, » » 


27 


1 .»* 




.‘SM0 Apim*mU t*» CariuMiter* 


1 00 


|tff.*4*e«lar Rapid«, Iowa.. 


23 . 






2LM*» A ppliealion blanks. 


3 2» 


I'M. Galveston, 7* x 


I2i 


3 25 




N of ebenda 


4 


1 lo.*< two**««, \l ich 


31 . 






•• RSM C»ir. See. Blank- 


3 »V» 


HI- Law re me, Ma««, 


48 . 






RMI Traveling Card* 


3 DO 


112. Lynn. Maa« 


211 










1 l3.*Par*«»ns, Kan* 


fit! 


2 9» 




hi^mi Copies, February Carpenter 


8.5 7 5 


114. Memphis. Tenn 


S3 .. 




h 40 


2isvi Supplements 

2»*NI 4'onstitutiofi* 


9 75 


115. Bridg«*port, C*»nn 


4*» 


1 II) 


24 DO 


1 16. Th«»ina«vilh'.Ga. 


*2D . 




4 W 


Mailing February Journal 

Wagon hir«* for February Journal. .... 


3 82 


117. Ma*sill«»ii.Ghio 


.39 .. 






4.« 


1 1 h. Maiidiester, N. II. .. 


.34 


1 36 
5 15 




I Ex pres sage, card* ami supplies 


8 92 


1 l9. # N«»w ark. S’. J 


51 


Telegram« to Memphis. Wushington, Phila 
»Itdphia, Boston, Ma*ill«»n, Now York, 




121». Ansonia, Conn 


*21 








121. Daiilniry, C«»nn 


125 









2 25 


1*22. Gerinuotown, Pa 


51 .. 


1 NO 




, Postage, Idtcf*, supplies, idc 


2* 61 


121. Wichita, Kan 


47 




Salary* 1 week«, February 1, to Feb. 


80 <■) 


1*24. Syracuse, N. Y 


.39 


fto 





i^». i him. .v . 

126. N»'h llaveu. C«»nn 11 

127. pcnsuooln, Fia 4*» ■ 

128. St. Tli»»ma's* Can 2»’» ‘ 

129. S. Ray I’ity. Mich ft»» H ” 

130. Rrm^kton, Mia*»* . .. ft*» 

131. Ringhninptoii, N.Y.... 41 

132. Richmond. Va 24 — 

|.33. # Beverly. Ma*»< 2* 

131. Rrtmuwiek, *»a 12 ,,,, 

1.35. *’li««ls« , a. Mas* 35 ... •< •••• 

i ifi. AugUMtn.lia 23 1 m 

137. Norwich, Conn 19 - 

138. Cambridge, Mn** m . j*J ^ 

139. Glover* villi’* N.Y 

140. Salem, Mas ...... ........ .. 

141. N. Hampton. Mas* 27 

142- Pittsburgh. Pa 48 

144. {Garden City. Kan g > 

H, I. J 

14»i.!SchncctH«ly* N - Y ffj * , u ... 

UT.JSioux City. Iowa 42 » * 

1 48. ! Linooln, Neh 20 * 

149. !t)*cod»i. Mich 1;> 

150.1 Augusta. Ga 

IM. ! Ottawa, Can 1;> 

152 I Mahlen, Mass 9 

153.x Fort Wayne* Ind 1J ****** 

154.1 Marlboro. Moss 7 ***“*. 

l.Yi.i Plainfield, N. J • ^ — ^ — 

Total Ä.T93 $189 89 W*' 

•Ao Ur port from h\ S* tAeic Unions» 

Report* of Flnsiiclal th ; 

In this Offiou at the latest by ^ with a (*•> 

Those failiug to comply will bo marKoo w.wo